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Ovarian Teratoma
Karen Y. Oh, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Dermoid cyst
              • Definitions

                • Ovarian teratoma includes
                  • Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) = dermoid cyst
                  • Immature teratoma (IT)
                  • Monodermal teratoma in which 1 cell line predominates
                    • Struma ovarii
                    • Carcinoid tumor

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Radiographic Findings

                    • CT Findings

                      • MR Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Young RH: Ovarian tumors and tumor-like lesions in the first three decades. Semin Diagn Pathol. 31(5):382-426, 2014
                                            2. Baser E et al: Adnexal masses encountered during cesarean delivery. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 123(2):124-6, 2013
                                            3. Hursitoglu BS et al: A clinico-pathological evaluation of 194 patients with ovarian teratoma: 7-year experience in a single center. Ginekol Pol. 84(2):108-11, 2013
                                            4. Yun NR et al: Squamous cell carcinoma arising in an ovarian mature cystic teratoma complicating pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Sci. 56(2):121-5, 2013
                                            5. Fossey SJ et al: Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis secondary to dermoid cyst rupture: a case report. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 93(5):e39-40, 2011
                                            6. Shah RU et al: Imaging of pediatric pelvic neoplasms. Radiol Clin North Am. 49(4):729-48, vi, 2011
                                            7. Alotaibi MO et al: Imaging of ovarian teratomas in children: a 9-year review. Can Assoc Radiol J. 61(1):23-8, 2010
                                            8. Choudhary S et al: Imaging of ovarian teratomas: appearances and complications. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 53(5):480-8, 2009
                                            9. Saba L et al: Mature and immature ovarian teratomas: CT, US and MR imaging characteristics. Eur J Radiol. 72(3):454-63, 2009
                                            10. Maiti S et al: Ruptured ovarian cystic teratoma in pregnancy with diffuse peritoneal reaction mimicking advanced ovarian malignancy: a case report. J Med Case Rep. 2:203, 2008
                                            11. Park SB et al: Imaging findings of complications and unusual manifestations of ovarian teratomas. Radiographics. 28(4):969-83, 2008
                                            12. Outwater EK et al: Ovarian teratomas: tumor types and imaging characteristics. Radiographics. 21(2):475-90, 2001
                                            13. Outwater EK et al: Imaging of the ovary and adnexa: clinical issues and applications of MR imaging. Radiology. 194(1):1-18, 1995
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Dermoid cyst
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Ovarian teratoma includes
                                                            • Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) = dermoid cyst
                                                            • Immature teratoma (IT)
                                                            • Monodermal teratoma in which 1 cell line predominates
                                                              • Struma ovarii
                                                              • Carcinoid tumor

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • MR Findings

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Young RH: Ovarian tumors and tumor-like lesions in the first three decades. Semin Diagn Pathol. 31(5):382-426, 2014
                                                                                      2. Baser E et al: Adnexal masses encountered during cesarean delivery. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 123(2):124-6, 2013
                                                                                      3. Hursitoglu BS et al: A clinico-pathological evaluation of 194 patients with ovarian teratoma: 7-year experience in a single center. Ginekol Pol. 84(2):108-11, 2013
                                                                                      4. Yun NR et al: Squamous cell carcinoma arising in an ovarian mature cystic teratoma complicating pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Sci. 56(2):121-5, 2013
                                                                                      5. Fossey SJ et al: Sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis secondary to dermoid cyst rupture: a case report. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 93(5):e39-40, 2011
                                                                                      6. Shah RU et al: Imaging of pediatric pelvic neoplasms. Radiol Clin North Am. 49(4):729-48, vi, 2011
                                                                                      7. Alotaibi MO et al: Imaging of ovarian teratomas in children: a 9-year review. Can Assoc Radiol J. 61(1):23-8, 2010
                                                                                      8. Choudhary S et al: Imaging of ovarian teratomas: appearances and complications. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol. 53(5):480-8, 2009
                                                                                      9. Saba L et al: Mature and immature ovarian teratomas: CT, US and MR imaging characteristics. Eur J Radiol. 72(3):454-63, 2009
                                                                                      10. Maiti S et al: Ruptured ovarian cystic teratoma in pregnancy with diffuse peritoneal reaction mimicking advanced ovarian malignancy: a case report. J Med Case Rep. 2:203, 2008
                                                                                      11. Park SB et al: Imaging findings of complications and unusual manifestations of ovarian teratomas. Radiographics. 28(4):969-83, 2008
                                                                                      12. Outwater EK et al: Ovarian teratomas: tumor types and imaging characteristics. Radiographics. 21(2):475-90, 2001
                                                                                      13. Outwater EK et al: Imaging of the ovary and adnexa: clinical issues and applications of MR imaging. Radiology. 194(1):1-18, 1995