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Ovarian Vein Thrombosis
Paula J. Woodward, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis (POVT)
            • Synonyms

              • Puerperal ovarian vein thrombosis
              • Septic puerperal ovarian vein thrombosis
              • Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis
            • Definitions

              • Postpartum ascending thrombophlebitis of ovarian vein

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Holmström SW et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis causing severe hydronephrosis. Obstet Gynecol. 115(2 Pt 2):452-4, 2010
                                      2. Johnson A et al: Right lower quadrant pain and postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis. Uncommon but not forgotten. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 281(2):261-3, 2010
                                      3. Salomon O et al: New observations in postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis: experience of single center. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 21(1):16-9, 2010
                                      4. Stafford M et al: Idiopathic ovarian vein thrombosis: a rare cause of pelvic pain - case report and review of literature. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 50(3):299-301, 2010
                                      5. Akinbiyi AA et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis: two cases and review of literature. Case Report Med. 2009:101367, 2009
                                      6. Kamaya A et al: Imaging and diagnosis of postpartum complications: sonography and other imaging modalities. Ultrasound Q. 25(3):151-62, 2009
                                      7. Karaosmanoglu D et al: MDCT of the ovarian vein: normal anatomy and pathology. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(1):295-9, 2009
                                      8. Kuehnl A et al: Floating caval thrombus arising from the ovarian vein. Ann Vasc Surg. 23(5):688, 2009
                                      9. Klima DA et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis. Obstet Gynecol. 111(2 Pt 1):431-5, 2008
                                      10. Royo P et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis after cesarean delivery: a case report. J Med Case Reports. 2:105, 2008
                                      11. Carr S et al: Surgical treatment of ovarian vein thrombosis. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 40(6):505-8, 2006
                                      12. Kominiarek MA et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis: an update. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 61(5):337-42, 2006
                                      13. Wysokinska EM et al: Ovarian vein thrombosis: incidence of recurrent venous thromboembolism and survival. Thromb Haemost. 96(2):126-31, 2006
                                      14. Leyendecker JR et al: MR imaging of maternal diseases of the abdomen and pelvis during pregnancy and the immediate postpartum period. Radiographics. 24(5):1301-16, 2004
                                      15. Dessole S et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis: an unpredictable event: two case reports and review of the literature. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 267(4):242-6, 2003
                                      16. Kubik-Huch RA et al: Role of duplex color Doppler ultrasound, computed tomography, and MR angiography in the diagnosis of septic puerperal ovarian vein thrombosis. Abdom Imaging. 24(1):85-91, 1999
                                      17. Twickler DM et al: Imaging of puerperal septic thrombophlebitis: prospective comparison of MR imaging, CT, and sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 169(4):1039-43, 1997
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Abbreviations

                                                  • Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis (POVT)
                                                • Synonyms

                                                  • Puerperal ovarian vein thrombosis
                                                  • Septic puerperal ovarian vein thrombosis
                                                  • Septic pelvic thrombophlebitis
                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Postpartum ascending thrombophlebitis of ovarian vein

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Consider

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Holmström SW et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis causing severe hydronephrosis. Obstet Gynecol. 115(2 Pt 2):452-4, 2010
                                                                          2. Johnson A et al: Right lower quadrant pain and postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis. Uncommon but not forgotten. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 281(2):261-3, 2010
                                                                          3. Salomon O et al: New observations in postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis: experience of single center. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 21(1):16-9, 2010
                                                                          4. Stafford M et al: Idiopathic ovarian vein thrombosis: a rare cause of pelvic pain - case report and review of literature. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 50(3):299-301, 2010
                                                                          5. Akinbiyi AA et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis: two cases and review of literature. Case Report Med. 2009:101367, 2009
                                                                          6. Kamaya A et al: Imaging and diagnosis of postpartum complications: sonography and other imaging modalities. Ultrasound Q. 25(3):151-62, 2009
                                                                          7. Karaosmanoglu D et al: MDCT of the ovarian vein: normal anatomy and pathology. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(1):295-9, 2009
                                                                          8. Kuehnl A et al: Floating caval thrombus arising from the ovarian vein. Ann Vasc Surg. 23(5):688, 2009
                                                                          9. Klima DA et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis. Obstet Gynecol. 111(2 Pt 1):431-5, 2008
                                                                          10. Royo P et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis after cesarean delivery: a case report. J Med Case Reports. 2:105, 2008
                                                                          11. Carr S et al: Surgical treatment of ovarian vein thrombosis. Vasc Endovascular Surg. 40(6):505-8, 2006
                                                                          12. Kominiarek MA et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis: an update. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 61(5):337-42, 2006
                                                                          13. Wysokinska EM et al: Ovarian vein thrombosis: incidence of recurrent venous thromboembolism and survival. Thromb Haemost. 96(2):126-31, 2006
                                                                          14. Leyendecker JR et al: MR imaging of maternal diseases of the abdomen and pelvis during pregnancy and the immediate postpartum period. Radiographics. 24(5):1301-16, 2004
                                                                          15. Dessole S et al: Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis: an unpredictable event: two case reports and review of the literature. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 267(4):242-6, 2003
                                                                          16. Kubik-Huch RA et al: Role of duplex color Doppler ultrasound, computed tomography, and MR angiography in the diagnosis of septic puerperal ovarian vein thrombosis. Abdom Imaging. 24(1):85-91, 1999
                                                                          17. Twickler DM et al: Imaging of puerperal septic thrombophlebitis: prospective comparison of MR imaging, CT, and sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 169(4):1039-43, 1997