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Painless Proptosis in Adult
Kristine M. Mosier, DMD, PhD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

            Selected References

            1. Kalin-Hajdu E et al: Diagnosing distensible venous malformations of the orbit with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Ophthalmol. 189:146-154, 2018
            2. Lee H et al: Characterizing intraorbital optic nerve changes on diffusion tensor imaging in thyroid eye disease before dysthyroid optic neuropathy. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 42(2):293-298, 2018
            3. Young SM et al: Lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma and malignant epithelial tumours: clinical and imaging differences. Br J Ophthalmol. ePub, 2018
            4. Calandriello L et al: Cavernous venous malformation (cavernous hemangioma) of the orbit: current concepts and a review of the literature. Surv Ophthalmol. 62(4):393-403, 2017
            5. Cavazuit BM et al: Decoding the ophthalmology note: understanding clinical symptoms and physical examination findings in the context of imaging pathology. Neurographics 7(3): 168-183, 2017.
            6. Thompson A et al: Imaging of IgG4-related disease of the head and neck. Clin Radiol. 73(1):106-120, 2017
            7. Kaichi Y et al: Orbital fat volumetry and water fraction measurements using T2-weighted FSE-IDEAL imaging in patients with thyroid-associated orbitopathy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. ePub, 2016
            8. Thornton IL et al: Radiographic evidence of prominent retro and suborbicularis oculi fat in thyroid-associated orbitopathy. Orbit. 35(1):35-8, 2016
            9. Özkan B et al: Quantitative assessment of optic nerve with diffusion tensor imaging in patients with thyroid orbitopathy. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 31(5):391-5, 2015
            10. Pahwa S et al: Intraorbital cystic lesions: an imaging spectrum. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 44(5):437-48, 2015
            11. Potgieser PW et al: Some studies on the natural history of Graves' orbitopathy: increase in orbital fat is a rather late phenomenon. Eur J Endocrinol. 173(2):149-53, 2015
            12. Haradome K et al: Orbital lymphoproliferative disorders (OLPDs): value of MR imaging for differentiating orbital lymphoma from benign OPLDs. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 35(10):1976-82, 2014
            13. Politi LS et al: Magnetic resonance imaging with diffusion-weighted imaging in the evaluation of thyroid-associated orbitopathy: getting below the tip of the iceberg. Eur Radiol. 24(5):1118-26, 2014
            14. Rootman J et al: Vascular malformations of the orbit: classification and the role of imaging in diagnosis and treatment strategies*. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 30(2):91-104, 2014
            Related Anatomy
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            Related Differential Diagnoses
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

              ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

              • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

                • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                  • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                    • Helpful Clues for Rare Diagnoses

                      Selected References

                      1. Kalin-Hajdu E et al: Diagnosing distensible venous malformations of the orbit with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. Am J Ophthalmol. 189:146-154, 2018
                      2. Lee H et al: Characterizing intraorbital optic nerve changes on diffusion tensor imaging in thyroid eye disease before dysthyroid optic neuropathy. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 42(2):293-298, 2018
                      3. Young SM et al: Lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma and malignant epithelial tumours: clinical and imaging differences. Br J Ophthalmol. ePub, 2018
                      4. Calandriello L et al: Cavernous venous malformation (cavernous hemangioma) of the orbit: current concepts and a review of the literature. Surv Ophthalmol. 62(4):393-403, 2017
                      5. Cavazuit BM et al: Decoding the ophthalmology note: understanding clinical symptoms and physical examination findings in the context of imaging pathology. Neurographics 7(3): 168-183, 2017.
                      6. Thompson A et al: Imaging of IgG4-related disease of the head and neck. Clin Radiol. 73(1):106-120, 2017
                      7. Kaichi Y et al: Orbital fat volumetry and water fraction measurements using T2-weighted FSE-IDEAL imaging in patients with thyroid-associated orbitopathy. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. ePub, 2016
                      8. Thornton IL et al: Radiographic evidence of prominent retro and suborbicularis oculi fat in thyroid-associated orbitopathy. Orbit. 35(1):35-8, 2016
                      9. Özkan B et al: Quantitative assessment of optic nerve with diffusion tensor imaging in patients with thyroid orbitopathy. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 31(5):391-5, 2015
                      10. Pahwa S et al: Intraorbital cystic lesions: an imaging spectrum. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 44(5):437-48, 2015
                      11. Potgieser PW et al: Some studies on the natural history of Graves' orbitopathy: increase in orbital fat is a rather late phenomenon. Eur J Endocrinol. 173(2):149-53, 2015
                      12. Haradome K et al: Orbital lymphoproliferative disorders (OLPDs): value of MR imaging for differentiating orbital lymphoma from benign OPLDs. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 35(10):1976-82, 2014
                      13. Politi LS et al: Magnetic resonance imaging with diffusion-weighted imaging in the evaluation of thyroid-associated orbitopathy: getting below the tip of the iceberg. Eur Radiol. 24(5):1118-26, 2014
                      14. Rootman J et al: Vascular malformations of the orbit: classification and the role of imaging in diagnosis and treatment strategies*. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 30(2):91-104, 2014