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Palatal Torus
Lisa J. Koenig, BChD, DDS, MS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Patalal torus (PT)
              • Synonyms

                • Torus palatinus
              • Definitions

                • Exophytic proliferation of normal cortical and cancellous bone in midline of hard palate

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    Selected References

                                    1. AlZarea BK: Prevalence and pattern of torus palatinus and torus mandibularis among edentulous patients of Saudi Arabia. Clin Interv Aging. 11:209-13, 2016
                                    2. Ryan JL et al: Osteonecrosis of the torus palatinus in the setting of long-term oral bisphosphonate use--a case report. S D Med. 69(1):23-5, 2016
                                    3. Scrieciu M et al: Morphological and clinical characteristics of the torus palatinus and torus mandibularis in a sample of young and adults' Romanian people. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 57(1):139-44, 2016
                                    4. Kaneko K et al: Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the palatal torus. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 76(6):353-6, 2014
                                    5. Lai WS et al: Triple torus palatinus. Indian J Med Res. 139(5):788, 2014
                                    6. Godinho M et al: Torus palatinus osteonecrosis related to bisphosphonate: a case report. Case Rep Dermatol. 5(1):120-5, 2013
                                    7. Nogueira AS et al: Clinical, tomographic aspects and relevance of torus palatinus: case report of two sisters. Surg Radiol Anat. 35(9):867-71, 2013
                                    8. Sinisterra G et al: [Spontaneous exposition of a midline palatal torus.] Biomedica. 33(1):31-5, 2013
                                    9. Beena JP: Torus palatinus in an infant: a case report. J Dent Child (Chic). 79(3):181-4, 2012
                                    10. Cantín M et al: A proposed explanation for the development of the torus palatinus. Clin Anat. 24(6):789-90, 2011
                                    11. García-García AS et al: Current status of the torus palatinus and torus mandibularis. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 15(2):e353-60, 2010
                                    12. Moraes Junior EF et al: Torus palatinus: a graft option for alveolar ridge reconstruction. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 30(3):283-9, 2010
                                    13. Al Quran FA et al: Torus palatinus and torus mandibularis in edentulous patients. J Contemp Dent Pract. 7(2):112-9, 2006
                                    14. Belsky JL et al: Torus palatinus: a new anatomical correlation with bone density in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 88(5):2081-6, 2003
                                    15. Jainkittivong A et al: Buccal and palatal exostoses: prevalence and concurrence with tori. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 90(1):48-53, 2000
                                    16. Antoniades DZ et al: Concurrence of torus palatinus with palatal and buccal exostoses: case report and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 85(5):552-7, 1998
                                    17. Gorsky M et al: Genetic influence on the prevalence of torus palatinus. Am J Med Genet. 75(2):138-40, 1998
                                    18. MacInnis EL et al: Gigantiform Torus palatinus: review of the literature and report of a case. Int Dent J. 48(1):40-3, 1998
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Abbreviations

                                                  • Patalal torus (PT)
                                                • Synonyms

                                                  • Torus palatinus
                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Exophytic proliferation of normal cortical and cancellous bone in midline of hard palate

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • Radiographic Findings

                                                    • CT Findings

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                            • Presentation

                                                              • Demographics

                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Consider

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. AlZarea BK: Prevalence and pattern of torus palatinus and torus mandibularis among edentulous patients of Saudi Arabia. Clin Interv Aging. 11:209-13, 2016
                                                                      2. Ryan JL et al: Osteonecrosis of the torus palatinus in the setting of long-term oral bisphosphonate use--a case report. S D Med. 69(1):23-5, 2016
                                                                      3. Scrieciu M et al: Morphological and clinical characteristics of the torus palatinus and torus mandibularis in a sample of young and adults' Romanian people. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 57(1):139-44, 2016
                                                                      4. Kaneko K et al: Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the palatal torus. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 76(6):353-6, 2014
                                                                      5. Lai WS et al: Triple torus palatinus. Indian J Med Res. 139(5):788, 2014
                                                                      6. Godinho M et al: Torus palatinus osteonecrosis related to bisphosphonate: a case report. Case Rep Dermatol. 5(1):120-5, 2013
                                                                      7. Nogueira AS et al: Clinical, tomographic aspects and relevance of torus palatinus: case report of two sisters. Surg Radiol Anat. 35(9):867-71, 2013
                                                                      8. Sinisterra G et al: [Spontaneous exposition of a midline palatal torus.] Biomedica. 33(1):31-5, 2013
                                                                      9. Beena JP: Torus palatinus in an infant: a case report. J Dent Child (Chic). 79(3):181-4, 2012
                                                                      10. Cantín M et al: A proposed explanation for the development of the torus palatinus. Clin Anat. 24(6):789-90, 2011
                                                                      11. García-García AS et al: Current status of the torus palatinus and torus mandibularis. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 15(2):e353-60, 2010
                                                                      12. Moraes Junior EF et al: Torus palatinus: a graft option for alveolar ridge reconstruction. Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent. 30(3):283-9, 2010
                                                                      13. Al Quran FA et al: Torus palatinus and torus mandibularis in edentulous patients. J Contemp Dent Pract. 7(2):112-9, 2006
                                                                      14. Belsky JL et al: Torus palatinus: a new anatomical correlation with bone density in postmenopausal women. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 88(5):2081-6, 2003
                                                                      15. Jainkittivong A et al: Buccal and palatal exostoses: prevalence and concurrence with tori. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 90(1):48-53, 2000
                                                                      16. Antoniades DZ et al: Concurrence of torus palatinus with palatal and buccal exostoses: case report and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 85(5):552-7, 1998
                                                                      17. Gorsky M et al: Genetic influence on the prevalence of torus palatinus. Am J Med Genet. 75(2):138-40, 1998
                                                                      18. MacInnis EL et al: Gigantiform Torus palatinus: review of the literature and report of a case. Int Dent J. 48(1):40-3, 1998