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Parahippocampal Gyrus (Areas 28, 34, 35, 36)
Jeffrey S. Anderson, MD, PhD; Jared A. Nielsen, PhD
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Location and Boundaries

  • Location

    • Boundaries

      Function

      • Spatial Navigation

        • Olfaction

          • Encoding Visual Scenes

            • Memory

              Structural Connections

              • Entorhinal Cortex

                • Perirhinal/Ectorhinal Cortex

                  Functional Connections

                  • Coactive Regions

                    • Associated Literature Keywords (NeuroSynth)

                      Area 28, 34-to 36-Associated Disorders

                      • Alzheimer Dementia

                        • Epilepsy (Medial Temporal Sclerosis)

                          Selected References

                          1. Gu Y et al: A map-like micro-organization of grid cells in the medial entorhinal cortex. Cell. 175(3):736-50.e30, 2018
                          2. Diehl GW et al: Grid and nongrid cells in medial entorhinal cortex represent spatial location and environmental features with complementary coding schemes. Neuron. 94(1):83-92.e6, 2017
                          3. Augustinack JC et al: Predicting the location of human perirhinal cortex, Brodmann's area 35, from MRI. Neuroimage. 64:32-42, 2013
                          4. Jacobs J et al: Direct recordings of grid-like neuronal activity in human spatial navigation. Nat Neurosci. 16(9):1188-90, 2013
                          5. Libby LA et al: Differential connectivity of perirhinal and parahippocampal cortices within human hippocampal subregions revealed by high-resolution functional imaging. J Neurosci. 32(19):6550-60, 2012
                          6. Van Essen DC et al: Parcellations and hemispheric asymmetries of human cerebral cortex analyzed on surface-based atlases. Cereb Cortex. 22(10):2241-62, 2012
                          7. Marcus DS et al: Informatics and data mining tools and strategies for the human connectome project. Front Neuroinform. 5:4, 2011
                          8. Nasr S et al: Scene-selective cortical regions in human and nonhuman primates. J Neurosci. 31(39):13771-85, 2011
                          9. Jacobs J et al: A sense of direction in human entorhinal cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 107(14):6487-92, 2010
                          10. Fischl B et al: Predicting the location of entorhinal cortex from MRI. Neuroimage. 47(1):8-17, 2009
                          11. Kahn I et al: Distinct cortical anatomy linked to subregions of the medial temporal lobe revealed by intrinsic functional connectivity. J Neurophysiol. 100(1):129-39, 2008
                          12. Amunts K et al: Cytoarchitectonic mapping of the human amygdala, hippocampal region and entorhinal cortex: intersubject variability and probability maps. Anat Embryol (Berl). 210(5-6):343-52, 2005
                          13. Hafting T et al: Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex. Nature. 436(7052):801-6, 2005
                          14. Fyhn M et al: Spatial representation in the entorhinal cortex. Science. 305(5688):1258-64, 2004
                          15. Pruessner JC et al: Volumetry of temporopolar, perirhinal, entorhinal and parahippocampal cortex from high-resolution MR images: considering the variability of the collateral sulcus. Cereb Cortex. 12(12):1342-53, 2002
                          16. Brown MW et al: Recognition memory: what are the roles of the perirhinal cortex and hippocampus? Nat Rev Neurosci. 2(1):51-61, 2001
                          17. Frank LM et al: Trajectory encoding in the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex. Neuron. 27(1):169-78, 2000
                          18. Epstein R et al: The parahippocampal place area: recognition, navigation, or encoding? Neuron. 23(1):115-25, 1999
                          19. Insausti R et al: MR volumetric analysis of the human entorhinal, perirhinal, and temporopolar cortices. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 19(4):659-71, 1998
                          Related Anatomy
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                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                          References
                          Tables

                          Tables

                          Location and Boundaries

                          • Location

                            • Boundaries

                              Function

                              • Spatial Navigation

                                • Olfaction

                                  • Encoding Visual Scenes

                                    • Memory

                                      Structural Connections

                                      • Entorhinal Cortex

                                        • Perirhinal/Ectorhinal Cortex

                                          Functional Connections

                                          • Coactive Regions

                                            • Associated Literature Keywords (NeuroSynth)

                                              Area 28, 34-to 36-Associated Disorders

                                              • Alzheimer Dementia

                                                • Epilepsy (Medial Temporal Sclerosis)

                                                  Selected References

                                                  1. Gu Y et al: A map-like micro-organization of grid cells in the medial entorhinal cortex. Cell. 175(3):736-50.e30, 2018
                                                  2. Diehl GW et al: Grid and nongrid cells in medial entorhinal cortex represent spatial location and environmental features with complementary coding schemes. Neuron. 94(1):83-92.e6, 2017
                                                  3. Augustinack JC et al: Predicting the location of human perirhinal cortex, Brodmann's area 35, from MRI. Neuroimage. 64:32-42, 2013
                                                  4. Jacobs J et al: Direct recordings of grid-like neuronal activity in human spatial navigation. Nat Neurosci. 16(9):1188-90, 2013
                                                  5. Libby LA et al: Differential connectivity of perirhinal and parahippocampal cortices within human hippocampal subregions revealed by high-resolution functional imaging. J Neurosci. 32(19):6550-60, 2012
                                                  6. Van Essen DC et al: Parcellations and hemispheric asymmetries of human cerebral cortex analyzed on surface-based atlases. Cereb Cortex. 22(10):2241-62, 2012
                                                  7. Marcus DS et al: Informatics and data mining tools and strategies for the human connectome project. Front Neuroinform. 5:4, 2011
                                                  8. Nasr S et al: Scene-selective cortical regions in human and nonhuman primates. J Neurosci. 31(39):13771-85, 2011
                                                  9. Jacobs J et al: A sense of direction in human entorhinal cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 107(14):6487-92, 2010
                                                  10. Fischl B et al: Predicting the location of entorhinal cortex from MRI. Neuroimage. 47(1):8-17, 2009
                                                  11. Kahn I et al: Distinct cortical anatomy linked to subregions of the medial temporal lobe revealed by intrinsic functional connectivity. J Neurophysiol. 100(1):129-39, 2008
                                                  12. Amunts K et al: Cytoarchitectonic mapping of the human amygdala, hippocampal region and entorhinal cortex: intersubject variability and probability maps. Anat Embryol (Berl). 210(5-6):343-52, 2005
                                                  13. Hafting T et al: Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex. Nature. 436(7052):801-6, 2005
                                                  14. Fyhn M et al: Spatial representation in the entorhinal cortex. Science. 305(5688):1258-64, 2004
                                                  15. Pruessner JC et al: Volumetry of temporopolar, perirhinal, entorhinal and parahippocampal cortex from high-resolution MR images: considering the variability of the collateral sulcus. Cereb Cortex. 12(12):1342-53, 2002
                                                  16. Brown MW et al: Recognition memory: what are the roles of the perirhinal cortex and hippocampus? Nat Rev Neurosci. 2(1):51-61, 2001
                                                  17. Frank LM et al: Trajectory encoding in the hippocampus and entorhinal cortex. Neuron. 27(1):169-78, 2000
                                                  18. Epstein R et al: The parahippocampal place area: recognition, navigation, or encoding? Neuron. 23(1):115-25, 1999
                                                  19. Insausti R et al: MR volumetric analysis of the human entorhinal, perirhinal, and temporopolar cortices. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 19(4):659-71, 1998