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Parapelvic (Peripelvic) Cyst
Kanupriya Vijay, MD; Alessandro Furlan, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Renal sinus cyst
          • Definitions

            • Parapelvic cyst: Renal cysts extending into renal sinus fat
            • Peripelvic cyst: Originating from renal sinus lymphatics

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Agnello F et al: CT and MR imaging of cystic renal lesions. Insights Imaging. 11(1):5, 2020
                                  2. Silverman SG et al: Bosniak classification of cystic renal masses, version 2019: an update proposal and needs assessment. Radiology. 292(2):475-88, 2019
                                  3. Wood CG 3rd et al: CT and MR imaging for evaluation of cystic renal lesions and diseases. Radiographics. 35(1):125-41, 2015
                                  4. Rule AD et al: Characteristics of renal cystic and solid lesions based on contrast-enhanced computed tomography of potential kidney donors. Am J Kidney Dis. 59(5):611-8, 2012
                                  5. Basiri A et al: Ureteroscopic management of symptomatic, simple parapelvic renal cyst. J Endourol. 24(4):537-40, 2010
                                  6. Sayer JA et al: Parapelvic cysts leading to a diagnosis of Fabry disease. Kidney Int. 74(10):1366, 2008
                                  7. Tarzamni MK et al: Bilateral parapelvic cysts that mimic hydronephrosis in two imaging modalities: a case report. Cases J. 1(1):161, 2008
                                  8. Shah JB et al: Water under the bridge: 5-year outcomes after percutaneous ablation of obstructing parapelvic renal cysts. J Endourol. 21(10):1167-70, 2007
                                  9. Dobremez E et al: The parapelvic renal cyst. A rare aetiology of blood hypertension in children. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 16(1):61-3, 2006
                                  10. Camargo AH et al: Laparoscopic management of peripelvic renal cysts: University of California, San Francisco, experience and review of literature. Urology. 65(5):882-7, 2005
                                  11. Rha SE et al: The renal sinus: pathologic spectrum and multimodality imaging approach. Radiographics. 24 Suppl 1:S117-31. Review, 2004 
                                  12. Ries M et al: Parapelvic kidney cysts: a distinguishing feature with high prevalence in Fabry disease. Kidney Int. 66(3):978-82, 2004
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        • Clinical Issues

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Synonyms

                                            • Renal sinus cyst
                                          • Definitions

                                            • Parapelvic cyst: Renal cysts extending into renal sinus fat
                                            • Peripelvic cyst: Originating from renal sinus lymphatics

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Presentation

                                                            • Demographics

                                                              • Treatment

                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Agnello F et al: CT and MR imaging of cystic renal lesions. Insights Imaging. 11(1):5, 2020
                                                                  2. Silverman SG et al: Bosniak classification of cystic renal masses, version 2019: an update proposal and needs assessment. Radiology. 292(2):475-88, 2019
                                                                  3. Wood CG 3rd et al: CT and MR imaging for evaluation of cystic renal lesions and diseases. Radiographics. 35(1):125-41, 2015
                                                                  4. Rule AD et al: Characteristics of renal cystic and solid lesions based on contrast-enhanced computed tomography of potential kidney donors. Am J Kidney Dis. 59(5):611-8, 2012
                                                                  5. Basiri A et al: Ureteroscopic management of symptomatic, simple parapelvic renal cyst. J Endourol. 24(4):537-40, 2010
                                                                  6. Sayer JA et al: Parapelvic cysts leading to a diagnosis of Fabry disease. Kidney Int. 74(10):1366, 2008
                                                                  7. Tarzamni MK et al: Bilateral parapelvic cysts that mimic hydronephrosis in two imaging modalities: a case report. Cases J. 1(1):161, 2008
                                                                  8. Shah JB et al: Water under the bridge: 5-year outcomes after percutaneous ablation of obstructing parapelvic renal cysts. J Endourol. 21(10):1167-70, 2007
                                                                  9. Dobremez E et al: The parapelvic renal cyst. A rare aetiology of blood hypertension in children. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 16(1):61-3, 2006
                                                                  10. Camargo AH et al: Laparoscopic management of peripelvic renal cysts: University of California, San Francisco, experience and review of literature. Urology. 65(5):882-7, 2005
                                                                  11. Rha SE et al: The renal sinus: pathologic spectrum and multimodality imaging approach. Radiographics. 24 Suppl 1:S117-31. Review, 2004 
                                                                  12. Ries M et al: Parapelvic kidney cysts: a distinguishing feature with high prevalence in Fabry disease. Kidney Int. 66(3):978-82, 2004