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Parotid Sialadenitis
Byron W. Benson, DDS, MS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Parotitis
          • Definitions

            • Inflammation or infection of parotid gland
              • Bacterial: Acute suppurative (usually localized)
              • Viral: Acute viral parotid sialadenitis (epidemic parotitis)
              • Obstruction-induced by sialolith: Secondary sialadenitis
              • Unknown etiology: Juvenile recurrent parotitis

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Treatment

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Consider

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Hernandez S et al: Parotitis and sialendoscopy of the parotid gland. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 49(2):381-93, 2016
                                  2. Prasad RS: Parotid gland imaging. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 49(2):285-312, 2016
                                  3. Sanan A et al: Rare parotid gland diseases. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 49(2):489-500, 2016
                                  4. Wen Y et al: Sonographic and CT findings of sialadenosis in a child with leukemia. Korean J Radiol. 13(5):634-6, 2012
                                  5. Bialek EJ et al: US of the major salivary glands: anatomy and spatial relationships, pathologic conditions, and pitfalls. Radiographics. 26(3):745-63, 2006
                                  6. Brook I: Acute bacterial suppurative parotitis: microbiology and management. J Craniofac Surg. 14(1):37-40, 2003
                                  7. Mandel L et al: Chronic parotitis: diagnosis and treatment. J Am Dent Assoc. 132(12):1707-11; quiz 1727, 2001
                                  8. Rabinov JD: Imaging of salivary gland pathology. Radiol Clin North Am. 38(5):1047-57, x-xi, 2000
                                  9. Yousem DM et al: Major salivary gland imaging. Radiology. 216(1):19-29, 2000
                                  10. McQuone SJ: Acute viral and bacterial infections of the salivary glands. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 32(5):793-811, 1999
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Synonyms

                                            • Parotitis
                                          • Definitions

                                            • Inflammation or infection of parotid gland
                                              • Bacterial: Acute suppurative (usually localized)
                                              • Viral: Acute viral parotid sialadenitis (epidemic parotitis)
                                              • Obstruction-induced by sialolith: Secondary sialadenitis
                                              • Unknown etiology: Juvenile recurrent parotitis

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Demographics

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                              • Consider

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Hernandez S et al: Parotitis and sialendoscopy of the parotid gland. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 49(2):381-93, 2016
                                                                  2. Prasad RS: Parotid gland imaging. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 49(2):285-312, 2016
                                                                  3. Sanan A et al: Rare parotid gland diseases. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 49(2):489-500, 2016
                                                                  4. Wen Y et al: Sonographic and CT findings of sialadenosis in a child with leukemia. Korean J Radiol. 13(5):634-6, 2012
                                                                  5. Bialek EJ et al: US of the major salivary glands: anatomy and spatial relationships, pathologic conditions, and pitfalls. Radiographics. 26(3):745-63, 2006
                                                                  6. Brook I: Acute bacterial suppurative parotitis: microbiology and management. J Craniofac Surg. 14(1):37-40, 2003
                                                                  7. Mandel L et al: Chronic parotitis: diagnosis and treatment. J Am Dent Assoc. 132(12):1707-11; quiz 1727, 2001
                                                                  8. Rabinov JD: Imaging of salivary gland pathology. Radiol Clin North Am. 38(5):1047-57, x-xi, 2000
                                                                  9. Yousem DM et al: Major salivary gland imaging. Radiology. 216(1):19-29, 2000
                                                                  10. McQuone SJ: Acute viral and bacterial infections of the salivary glands. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 32(5):793-811, 1999