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Pathways of (Intrathoracic) Lymph Node Spread in Breast Cancer
John P. Lichtenberger, III, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging Anatomy

    • Clinical Implications

      • APPROACH TO IMAGE INTERPRETATION

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Definitions

          • Macroscopic or microscopic breast cancer metastases to lymph nodes within chest

        IMAGING ANATOMY

        • General Anatomic Considerations

          • Critical Anatomic Structures

            CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

            • Staging

              • Clinical Importance

                CLINICAL INDICATIONS

                • Lymph Node Staging

                  APPROACH TO IMAGE INTERPRETATION

                  • Modalities

                    Selected References

                    1. Chikarmane SA et al: Metastatic patterns of breast cancer subtypes: what radiologists should know in the era of personalized cancer medicine. Clin Radiol. 70(1):1-10, 2015
                    2. Lane DL et al: Role of sonography for the locoregional staging of breast cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(5):1132-41, 2014
                    3. Ecanow JS et al: Axillary staging of breast cancer: what the radiologist should know. Radiographics. 33(6):1589-612, 2013
                    Related Anatomy
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                    References
                    Tables

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                    KEY FACTS

                    • Imaging Anatomy

                      • Clinical Implications

                        • APPROACH TO IMAGE INTERPRETATION

                          TERMINOLOGY

                          • Definitions

                            • Macroscopic or microscopic breast cancer metastases to lymph nodes within chest

                          IMAGING ANATOMY

                          • General Anatomic Considerations

                            • Critical Anatomic Structures

                              CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

                              • Staging

                                • Clinical Importance

                                  CLINICAL INDICATIONS

                                  • Lymph Node Staging

                                    APPROACH TO IMAGE INTERPRETATION

                                    • Modalities

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Chikarmane SA et al: Metastatic patterns of breast cancer subtypes: what radiologists should know in the era of personalized cancer medicine. Clin Radiol. 70(1):1-10, 2015
                                      2. Lane DL et al: Role of sonography for the locoregional staging of breast cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 203(5):1132-41, 2014
                                      3. Ecanow JS et al: Axillary staging of breast cancer: what the radiologist should know. Radiographics. 33(6):1589-612, 2013