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Pediatric Applications at CEUS: Kidneys
Susan J. Back, MD; Kassa Darge, MD, PhD; Annamaria Deganello, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • CEUS INDICATIONS

    CEUS TECHNIQUE

    • Dose

      • Scanning

        IMAGING

        • General Discussion

          • CEUS Findings

            PEARLS AND PITFALLS

            • General Discussion

              Selected References

              1. Armstrong LB et al: Contrast enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of blunt pediatric abdominal trauma. J Pediatr Surg. 53(3):548-552, 2018
              2. Sidhu PS et al: The EFSUMB Guidelines and Recommendations for the Clinical Practice of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in Non-Hepatic Applications: Update 2017 (Long Version). Ultraschall Med. 39(2):e2-e44, 2018
              3. Hains DS et al: Elucidation of renal scars in children with vesicoureteral reflux using contrast-enhanced ultrasound: A pilot study. Kidney Int Rep. 2(3):420-424, 2017
              4. Ling W et al: Ultrasonographic findings of renal cell carcinomas associated with Xp11.2 translocation/TFE3 gene fusion. Contrast Media Mol Imaging. 2017:2958357, 2017
              5. Sidhu PS et al: Role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in paediatric practice: An EFSUMB position statement. Ultraschall Med. 38(1):33-43, 2017
              6. Sanz E et al: Renal Complex cystic masses: Usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in their assessment and its agreement with computed tomography. Curr Urol Rep. 17(12):89, 2016
              7. Wang L et al: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound: A promising method for renal microvascular perfusion evaluation. J Transl Int Med. 4(3):104-108, 2016
              8. Cantisani V et al: Growing indications for CEUS: The kidney, testis, lymph nodes, thyroid, prostate, and small bowel. Eur J Radiol. 84(9):1675-84, 2015
              9. Harvey CJ et al: Role of US contrast agents in the assessment of indeterminate solid and cystic lesions in native and transplant kidneys. Radiographics. 35(5):1419-30, 2015
              10. Menichini G et al: Accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the identification and characterization of traumatic solid organ lesions in children: a retrospective comparison with baseline US and CE-MDCT. Radiol Med. 120(11):989-1001, 2015
              11. Sparchez Z et al: Contrast enhanced ultrasound of renal masses. A reappraisal of EFSUMB recommendations and possible emerging applications. Med Ultrason. 17(2):219-26, 2015
              12. Barr RG et al: Evaluation of indeterminate renal masses with contrast-enhanced US: a diagnostic performance study. Radiology. 271(1):133-42, 2014
              13. Pinto F et al: The use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in blunt abdominal trauma: advantages and limitations. Acta Radiol. 55(7):776-84, 2014
              14. Yusuf GT et al: Cortical necrosis secondary to trauma in a child: contrast-enhanced ultrasound comparable to magnetic resonance imaging. Pediatric Radiology. 44:484-487, 2014
              15. Fernandez CP et al: Diagnosis of acute cortical necrosis in renal transplantation by contrast-enhanced ultrasound: a preliminary experience. Ultraschall Med. 34(4):340-4, 2013
              16. Harvey CJ et al: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound in renal transplants: applications and future directions. Ultraschall Med. 34(4):319-21, 2013
              17. Fontanilla T et al: Acute complicated pyelonephritis: contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Abdom Imaging. 37(4):639-46, 2012
              18. Riccabona M et al: ESPR Uroradiology Task Force and ESUR Paediatric Working Group--Imaging recommendations in paediatric uroradiology, part V: childhood cystic kidney disease, childhood renal transplantation and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in children. Pediatr Radiol. 42(10):1275-83, 2012
              19. Benozzi L et al: Contrast-enhanced sonography in early kidney graft dysfunction. Transplant Proc. 41(4):1214-5, 2009
              20. Kay DH et al: Ultrasonic microbubble contrast agents and the transplant kidney. Clin Radiol. 64(11):1081-7, 2009
              21. Valentino M et al: Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in blunt abdominal trauma: considerations after 5 years of experience. Radiol Med. 114(7):1080-93, 2009
              22. Bertolotto M et al: Value of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography for detecting renal infarcts proven by contrast enhanced CT. A feasibility study. Eur Radiol. 18(2):376-83, 2008
              23. Kapur J et al: Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound of Kidneys in Children with Renal Failure. J Med Ultrasound. 23(2): 86-97, 2015
              24. Harkanyi Z. Potential Applications of Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound in Pediatric Patients. Ultrasound Clinics. 2013;8(3):403-22.
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              References
              Tables

              Tables

              KEY FACTS

              • CEUS INDICATIONS

                CEUS TECHNIQUE

                • Dose

                  • Scanning

                    IMAGING

                    • General Discussion

                      • CEUS Findings

                        PEARLS AND PITFALLS

                        • General Discussion

                          Selected References

                          1. Armstrong LB et al: Contrast enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of blunt pediatric abdominal trauma. J Pediatr Surg. 53(3):548-552, 2018
                          2. Sidhu PS et al: The EFSUMB Guidelines and Recommendations for the Clinical Practice of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in Non-Hepatic Applications: Update 2017 (Long Version). Ultraschall Med. 39(2):e2-e44, 2018
                          3. Hains DS et al: Elucidation of renal scars in children with vesicoureteral reflux using contrast-enhanced ultrasound: A pilot study. Kidney Int Rep. 2(3):420-424, 2017
                          4. Ling W et al: Ultrasonographic findings of renal cell carcinomas associated with Xp11.2 translocation/TFE3 gene fusion. Contrast Media Mol Imaging. 2017:2958357, 2017
                          5. Sidhu PS et al: Role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in paediatric practice: An EFSUMB position statement. Ultraschall Med. 38(1):33-43, 2017
                          6. Sanz E et al: Renal Complex cystic masses: Usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in their assessment and its agreement with computed tomography. Curr Urol Rep. 17(12):89, 2016
                          7. Wang L et al: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound: A promising method for renal microvascular perfusion evaluation. J Transl Int Med. 4(3):104-108, 2016
                          8. Cantisani V et al: Growing indications for CEUS: The kidney, testis, lymph nodes, thyroid, prostate, and small bowel. Eur J Radiol. 84(9):1675-84, 2015
                          9. Harvey CJ et al: Role of US contrast agents in the assessment of indeterminate solid and cystic lesions in native and transplant kidneys. Radiographics. 35(5):1419-30, 2015
                          10. Menichini G et al: Accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the identification and characterization of traumatic solid organ lesions in children: a retrospective comparison with baseline US and CE-MDCT. Radiol Med. 120(11):989-1001, 2015
                          11. Sparchez Z et al: Contrast enhanced ultrasound of renal masses. A reappraisal of EFSUMB recommendations and possible emerging applications. Med Ultrason. 17(2):219-26, 2015
                          12. Barr RG et al: Evaluation of indeterminate renal masses with contrast-enhanced US: a diagnostic performance study. Radiology. 271(1):133-42, 2014
                          13. Pinto F et al: The use of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in blunt abdominal trauma: advantages and limitations. Acta Radiol. 55(7):776-84, 2014
                          14. Yusuf GT et al: Cortical necrosis secondary to trauma in a child: contrast-enhanced ultrasound comparable to magnetic resonance imaging. Pediatric Radiology. 44:484-487, 2014
                          15. Fernandez CP et al: Diagnosis of acute cortical necrosis in renal transplantation by contrast-enhanced ultrasound: a preliminary experience. Ultraschall Med. 34(4):340-4, 2013
                          16. Harvey CJ et al: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound in renal transplants: applications and future directions. Ultraschall Med. 34(4):319-21, 2013
                          17. Fontanilla T et al: Acute complicated pyelonephritis: contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Abdom Imaging. 37(4):639-46, 2012
                          18. Riccabona M et al: ESPR Uroradiology Task Force and ESUR Paediatric Working Group--Imaging recommendations in paediatric uroradiology, part V: childhood cystic kidney disease, childhood renal transplantation and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in children. Pediatr Radiol. 42(10):1275-83, 2012
                          19. Benozzi L et al: Contrast-enhanced sonography in early kidney graft dysfunction. Transplant Proc. 41(4):1214-5, 2009
                          20. Kay DH et al: Ultrasonic microbubble contrast agents and the transplant kidney. Clin Radiol. 64(11):1081-7, 2009
                          21. Valentino M et al: Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in blunt abdominal trauma: considerations after 5 years of experience. Radiol Med. 114(7):1080-93, 2009
                          22. Bertolotto M et al: Value of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography for detecting renal infarcts proven by contrast enhanced CT. A feasibility study. Eur Radiol. 18(2):376-83, 2008
                          23. Kapur J et al: Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound of Kidneys in Children with Renal Failure. J Med Ultrasound. 23(2): 86-97, 2015
                          24. Harkanyi Z. Potential Applications of Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound in Pediatric Patients. Ultrasound Clinics. 2013;8(3):403-22.