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Pediatric Recurrent and Chronic Pain
Kelly Tseng, MD; Chang Amber Liu, MD, MSc, FAAP
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Clinical Implications

      • Common Procedures

        CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

        • Introduction

          Common Procedures

          • Intrathecal Baclofen Pumps

            • Neuromuscular Blockade With Botulinum Toxin

              • Peripheral Nerve and Plexus Blockade

                Selected References

                1. Sandahl Michelsen J et al: Analgesic effects of botulinum toxin in children with CP. Toxins (Basel). 10(4), 2018
                2. Woolf SM et al: Baclofen pumps: uses and complications. Pediatr Emerg Care. 33(4):271-5, 2017
                3. Navarrete-Opazo AA et al: Effectiveness of oral baclofen in the treatment of spasticity in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 97(4):604-18, 2016
                4. Walter M et al: Intrathecal baclofen therapy in children with severe spasticity: outcome and complications. Dev Neurorehabil. 17(6):368-74, 2014
                5. Rork JF et al: Regional anesthesia approaches to pain management in pediatric palliative care: a review of current knowledge. J Pain Symptom Manage. 46(6):859-73, 2013
                6. Tilton AH: Injectable neuromuscular blockade in the treatment of spasticity and movement disorders. J Child Neurol. 18 Suppl 1:S50-66, 2003
                Related Anatomy
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                References
                Tables

                Tables

                KEY FACTS

                • Terminology

                  • Clinical Implications

                    • Common Procedures

                      CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

                      • Introduction

                        Common Procedures

                        • Intrathecal Baclofen Pumps

                          • Neuromuscular Blockade With Botulinum Toxin

                            • Peripheral Nerve and Plexus Blockade

                              Selected References

                              1. Sandahl Michelsen J et al: Analgesic effects of botulinum toxin in children with CP. Toxins (Basel). 10(4), 2018
                              2. Woolf SM et al: Baclofen pumps: uses and complications. Pediatr Emerg Care. 33(4):271-5, 2017
                              3. Navarrete-Opazo AA et al: Effectiveness of oral baclofen in the treatment of spasticity in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 97(4):604-18, 2016
                              4. Walter M et al: Intrathecal baclofen therapy in children with severe spasticity: outcome and complications. Dev Neurorehabil. 17(6):368-74, 2014
                              5. Rork JF et al: Regional anesthesia approaches to pain management in pediatric palliative care: a review of current knowledge. J Pain Symptom Manage. 46(6):859-73, 2013
                              6. Tilton AH: Injectable neuromuscular blockade in the treatment of spasticity and movement disorders. J Child Neurol. 18 Suppl 1:S50-66, 2003