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Periauricular Venous Malformation
Bernadette L. Koch, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Venous malformation (VM) = preferred term
          • Synonyms

            • Cavernous malformation, cavernous hemangioma (terms to be avoided)
          • Definitions

            • VM: Congenital slow-flow vacular malformation composed of endothelial-lined vascular sinusoids

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Angiographic Findings

                    • Other Modality Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Chen WL et al: Percutaneous sclerotherapy of massive venous malformations of the face and neck using fibrin glue combined with OK-432 and pingyangmycin. Head Neck. 32(4):467-72, 2010
                                            2. Glade RS et al: Diagnosis and management of pediatric cervicofacial venous malformations: retrospective review from a vascular anomalies center. Laryngoscope. 120(2):229-35, 2010
                                            3. Duyka LJ et al: Progesterone receptors identified in vascular malformations of the head and neck. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 141(4):491-5, 2009
                                            4. Bisdorff A et al: Intracranial vascular anomalies in patients with periorbital lymphatic and lymphaticovenous malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 28(2):335-41, 2007
                                            5. Lee BB et al: Advanced management of venous malformation with ethanol sclerotherapy: mid-term results. J Vasc Surg. 37(3): 533-8, 2003
                                            6. Curé JK: Imaging of vascular lesions of the head and neck. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 9(4):525-49, 2001
                                            7. Marler JJ et al: Vascular anomalies: classification, diagnosis, and natural history. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 9(4):495-504, 2001
                                            8. Boukobza M et al: Cerebral developmental venous anomalies associated with head and neck venous malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 17(5): 987-94, 1996
                                            9. Baker LL et al: Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck: MR characterization. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 14(2):307-14, 1993
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Abbreviations

                                                      • Venous malformation (VM) = preferred term
                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Cavernous malformation, cavernous hemangioma (terms to be avoided)
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • VM: Congenital slow-flow vacular malformation composed of endothelial-lined vascular sinusoids

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • Angiographic Findings

                                                              • Other Modality Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Chen WL et al: Percutaneous sclerotherapy of massive venous malformations of the face and neck using fibrin glue combined with OK-432 and pingyangmycin. Head Neck. 32(4):467-72, 2010
                                                                                      2. Glade RS et al: Diagnosis and management of pediatric cervicofacial venous malformations: retrospective review from a vascular anomalies center. Laryngoscope. 120(2):229-35, 2010
                                                                                      3. Duyka LJ et al: Progesterone receptors identified in vascular malformations of the head and neck. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 141(4):491-5, 2009
                                                                                      4. Bisdorff A et al: Intracranial vascular anomalies in patients with periorbital lymphatic and lymphaticovenous malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 28(2):335-41, 2007
                                                                                      5. Lee BB et al: Advanced management of venous malformation with ethanol sclerotherapy: mid-term results. J Vasc Surg. 37(3): 533-8, 2003
                                                                                      6. Curé JK: Imaging of vascular lesions of the head and neck. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 9(4):525-49, 2001
                                                                                      7. Marler JJ et al: Vascular anomalies: classification, diagnosis, and natural history. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 9(4):495-504, 2001
                                                                                      8. Boukobza M et al: Cerebral developmental venous anomalies associated with head and neck venous malformations. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 17(5): 987-94, 1996
                                                                                      9. Baker LL et al: Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the head and neck: MR characterization. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 14(2):307-14, 1993