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Pericardial Cyst
Suhny Abbara, MD, FACR, FSCCT; Cameron Hassani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Fluid-containing mass that abuts heart
              • Embryologic defect in coelomic cavity development or sequela of pericarditis

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Echocardiographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Tower-Rader A et al: Pericardial masses, cysts and diverticula: a comprehensive review using multimodality imaging. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 59(4):389-397, 2017
                                          2. Bogaert J et al: Pericardial disease: value of CT and MR imaging. Radiology. 267(2):340-56, 2013
                                          3. Rajiah P: Cardiac MRI: Part 2, pericardial diseases. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(4):W621-34, 2011
                                          4. Nijveldt R et al: Pericardial cyst. Lancet. 365(9475):1960, 2005
                                          5. Guven A et al: A case of asymptomatic cardiopericardial hydatid cyst. Jpn Heart J. 45(3):541-5, 2004
                                          6. Heirigs R et al: Images in cardiology: Pericardial cyst. Clin Cardiol. 27(9):507, 2004
                                          7. Walker MJ et al: Migrating pleural mesothelial cyst. Ann Thorac Surg. 77(2):701-2, 2004
                                          8. Glockner JF: Imaging of pericardial disease. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 11(1):149-62, vii, 2003
                                          9. Gossios K et al: Mediastinal and pericardial hydatid cysts: an unusual cause of circulatory collapse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 181(1):285-6, 2003
                                          10. Kim JH et al: Cystic tumors in the anterior mediastinum. Radiologic-pathological correlation. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 27(5):714-23, 2003
                                          11. Wang ZJ et al: CT and MR imaging of pericardial disease. Radiographics. 23 Spec No:S167-80, 2003
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Fluid-containing mass that abuts heart
                                                      • Embryologic defect in coelomic cavity development or sequela of pericarditis

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Tower-Rader A et al: Pericardial masses, cysts and diverticula: a comprehensive review using multimodality imaging. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 59(4):389-397, 2017
                                                                                  2. Bogaert J et al: Pericardial disease: value of CT and MR imaging. Radiology. 267(2):340-56, 2013
                                                                                  3. Rajiah P: Cardiac MRI: Part 2, pericardial diseases. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(4):W621-34, 2011
                                                                                  4. Nijveldt R et al: Pericardial cyst. Lancet. 365(9475):1960, 2005
                                                                                  5. Guven A et al: A case of asymptomatic cardiopericardial hydatid cyst. Jpn Heart J. 45(3):541-5, 2004
                                                                                  6. Heirigs R et al: Images in cardiology: Pericardial cyst. Clin Cardiol. 27(9):507, 2004
                                                                                  7. Walker MJ et al: Migrating pleural mesothelial cyst. Ann Thorac Surg. 77(2):701-2, 2004
                                                                                  8. Glockner JF: Imaging of pericardial disease. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 11(1):149-62, vii, 2003
                                                                                  9. Gossios K et al: Mediastinal and pericardial hydatid cysts: an unusual cause of circulatory collapse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 181(1):285-6, 2003
                                                                                  10. Kim JH et al: Cystic tumors in the anterior mediastinum. Radiologic-pathological correlation. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 27(5):714-23, 2003
                                                                                  11. Wang ZJ et al: CT and MR imaging of pericardial disease. Radiographics. 23 Spec No:S167-80, 2003