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Pericardial Cyst
Helen T. Winer-Muram, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Common congenital mediastinal cyst
                • Anomalous outpouching of parietal pericardium

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            • Reporting Tips

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Rajiah P et al: Computed tomography of the pericardium and pericardial disease. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 4(1):3-18, 2010
                                              2. Misselt AJ et al: MR imaging of the pericardium. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 16(2):185-99, vii, 2008
                                              3. Alpendurada F et al: Pericardial cyst--a clinical case. Rev Port Cardiol. 24(3):435-8, 2005
                                              4. Nijveldt R et al: Pericardial cyst. Lancet. 365(9475):1960, 2005
                                              5. Guven A et al: A case of asymptomatic cardiopericardial hydatid cyst. Jpn Heart J. 45(3):541-5, 2004
                                              6. Heirigs R et al: Images in cardiology: Pericardial cyst. Clin Cardiol. 27(9):507, 2004
                                              7. Oyama N et al: Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the pericardium: anatomy and pathology. Magn Reson Med Sci. 3(3):145-52, 2004
                                              8. Patel J et al: Pericardial cyst: case reports and a literature review. Echocardiography. 21(3):269-72, 2004
                                              9. Serwer BA et al: Images in clinical medicine. Pericardial cyst. N Engl J Med. 350(21):e19, 2004
                                              10. Uchiyama A et al: Infrasternal mediastinoscopic surgery for anterior mediastinal masses. Surg Endosc. 18(5):843-6, 2004
                                              11. Walker MJ et al: Migrating pleural mesothelial cyst. Ann Thorac Surg. 77(2):701-2, 2004
                                              12. Glockner JF: Imaging of pericardial disease. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 11(1):149-62, vii, 2003
                                              13. Gossios K et al: Mediastinal and pericardial hydatid cysts: an unusual cause of circulatory collapse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 181(1):285-6, 2003
                                              14. Kim JH et al: Cystic tumors in the anterior mediastinum. Radiologic-pathological correlation. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 27(5):714-23, 2003
                                              15. Noyes BE et al: Pericardial cysts in children: surgical or conservative approach? J Pediatr Surg. 38(8):1263-5, 2003
                                              16. Takeda S et al: Clinical spectrum of mediastinal cysts. Chest. 124(1):125-32, 2003
                                              17. Wang ZJ et al: CT and MR imaging of pericardial disease. Radiographics. 23 Spec No:S167-80, 2003
                                              18. Wildi SM et al: Diagnosis of benign cysts of the mediastinum: the role and risks of EUS and FNA. Gastrointest Endosc. 58(3):362-8, 2003
                                              19. Jeung MY et al: Imaging of cystic masses of the mediastinum. Radiographics. 22 Spec No:S79-93, 2002
                                              20. Breen JF: Imaging of the pericardium. J Thorac Imaging. 16(1):47-54, 2001
                                              21. Feigin DS et al: Pericardial cysts. A radiologic-pathologic correlation and review. Radiology. 125(1):15-20, 1977
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                                          • Definitions

                                                            • Common congenital mediastinal cyst
                                                            • Anomalous outpouching of parietal pericardium

                                                          IMAGING

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Radiographic Findings

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • MR Findings

                                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                    • Consider

                                                                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                        • Reporting Tips

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Rajiah P et al: Computed tomography of the pericardium and pericardial disease. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 4(1):3-18, 2010
                                                                                          2. Misselt AJ et al: MR imaging of the pericardium. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 16(2):185-99, vii, 2008
                                                                                          3. Alpendurada F et al: Pericardial cyst--a clinical case. Rev Port Cardiol. 24(3):435-8, 2005
                                                                                          4. Nijveldt R et al: Pericardial cyst. Lancet. 365(9475):1960, 2005
                                                                                          5. Guven A et al: A case of asymptomatic cardiopericardial hydatid cyst. Jpn Heart J. 45(3):541-5, 2004
                                                                                          6. Heirigs R et al: Images in cardiology: Pericardial cyst. Clin Cardiol. 27(9):507, 2004
                                                                                          7. Oyama N et al: Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the pericardium: anatomy and pathology. Magn Reson Med Sci. 3(3):145-52, 2004
                                                                                          8. Patel J et al: Pericardial cyst: case reports and a literature review. Echocardiography. 21(3):269-72, 2004
                                                                                          9. Serwer BA et al: Images in clinical medicine. Pericardial cyst. N Engl J Med. 350(21):e19, 2004
                                                                                          10. Uchiyama A et al: Infrasternal mediastinoscopic surgery for anterior mediastinal masses. Surg Endosc. 18(5):843-6, 2004
                                                                                          11. Walker MJ et al: Migrating pleural mesothelial cyst. Ann Thorac Surg. 77(2):701-2, 2004
                                                                                          12. Glockner JF: Imaging of pericardial disease. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 11(1):149-62, vii, 2003
                                                                                          13. Gossios K et al: Mediastinal and pericardial hydatid cysts: an unusual cause of circulatory collapse. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 181(1):285-6, 2003
                                                                                          14. Kim JH et al: Cystic tumors in the anterior mediastinum. Radiologic-pathological correlation. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 27(5):714-23, 2003
                                                                                          15. Noyes BE et al: Pericardial cysts in children: surgical or conservative approach? J Pediatr Surg. 38(8):1263-5, 2003
                                                                                          16. Takeda S et al: Clinical spectrum of mediastinal cysts. Chest. 124(1):125-32, 2003
                                                                                          17. Wang ZJ et al: CT and MR imaging of pericardial disease. Radiographics. 23 Spec No:S167-80, 2003
                                                                                          18. Wildi SM et al: Diagnosis of benign cysts of the mediastinum: the role and risks of EUS and FNA. Gastrointest Endosc. 58(3):362-8, 2003
                                                                                          19. Jeung MY et al: Imaging of cystic masses of the mediastinum. Radiographics. 22 Spec No:S79-93, 2002
                                                                                          20. Breen JF: Imaging of the pericardium. J Thorac Imaging. 16(1):47-54, 2001
                                                                                          21. Feigin DS et al: Pericardial cysts. A radiologic-pathologic correlation and review. Radiology. 125(1):15-20, 1977