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Peritoneal Inclusion Cyst
Siva P. Raman, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Benign encysted fluid, benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma, inflammatory cysts of peritoneum, postoperative peritoneal cysts, peritoneal pseudocysts, inflammatory cysts of pelvis
              • Definitions

                • Loculated fluid trapped within peritoneal adhesions, typically surrounding ovary

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • CT Findings

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Veldhuis WB et al: Peritoneal inclusion cysts: clinical characteristics and imaging features. Eur Radiol. 23(4):1167-74, 2013
                                          2. Vallerie AM et al: Peritoneal inclusion cysts: a review. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 64(5):321-34, 2009
                                          3. Tayal VS et al: ED endovaginal pelvic ultrasound in nonpregnant women with right lower quadrant pain. Am J Emerg Med. 26(1):81-5, 2008
                                          4. Kagalwala DZ et al: Preoperative computed tomography-guided hookwire needle localization of a peritoneal multilocular inclusion cyst. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 29(5):602-3, 2005
                                          5. Guerriero S et al: Role of transvaginal sonography in the diagnosis of peritoneal inclusion cysts. J Ultrasound Med. 23(9):1193-200, 2004
                                          6. Toprak U et al: Sonographic, CT, and MRI findings of endometrial stromal sarcoma located in the myometrium and associated with peritoneal inclusion cyst. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(6):1531-3, 2004
                                          7. Inman DS et al: Multicystic peritoneal inclusion cysts: the use of CT guided drainage for symptom control. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 82(3):196-7, 2000
                                          8. Jain KA: Imaging of peritoneal inclusion cysts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 174(6):1559-63, 2000
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Benign encysted fluid, benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma, inflammatory cysts of peritoneum, postoperative peritoneal cysts, peritoneal pseudocysts, inflammatory cysts of pelvis
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Loculated fluid trapped within peritoneal adhesions, typically surrounding ovary

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Veldhuis WB et al: Peritoneal inclusion cysts: clinical characteristics and imaging features. Eur Radiol. 23(4):1167-74, 2013
                                                                                  2. Vallerie AM et al: Peritoneal inclusion cysts: a review. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 64(5):321-34, 2009
                                                                                  3. Tayal VS et al: ED endovaginal pelvic ultrasound in nonpregnant women with right lower quadrant pain. Am J Emerg Med. 26(1):81-5, 2008
                                                                                  4. Kagalwala DZ et al: Preoperative computed tomography-guided hookwire needle localization of a peritoneal multilocular inclusion cyst. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 29(5):602-3, 2005
                                                                                  5. Guerriero S et al: Role of transvaginal sonography in the diagnosis of peritoneal inclusion cysts. J Ultrasound Med. 23(9):1193-200, 2004
                                                                                  6. Toprak U et al: Sonographic, CT, and MRI findings of endometrial stromal sarcoma located in the myometrium and associated with peritoneal inclusion cyst. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(6):1531-3, 2004
                                                                                  7. Inman DS et al: Multicystic peritoneal inclusion cysts: the use of CT guided drainage for symptom control. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 82(3):196-7, 2000
                                                                                  8. Jain KA: Imaging of peritoneal inclusion cysts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 174(6):1559-63, 2000