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Peritoneal Inclusion Cyst
Jade Wong-You-Cheong, MBChB, MRCP, FRCR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Peritoneal inclusion cyst (PIC)
            • Synonyms

              • Peritoneal pseudocyst
              • Benign cystic mesothelioma
              • Inflammatory cysts of pelvic peritoneum
              • Benign encysted fluid
              • Multilocular inclusion cyst
            • Definitions

              • Not true ovarian cyst
              • Peritoneal or ovarian fluid trapped by peritoneal adhesions
              • Multilocular adnexal mass contiguous with or encasing otherwise normal ovary

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Nonvascular Interventions

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Bharwani N et al: Peritoneal pseudocysts: aetiology, imaging appearances, and natural history. Clin Radiol. 68(8):828-36, 2013
                                          2. Veldhuis WB et al: Peritoneal inclusion cysts: clinical characteristics and imaging features. Eur Radiol. 23(4):1167-74, 2013
                                          3. Laing FC et al: US of the ovary and adnexa: to worry or not to worry? Radiographics. 32(6):1621-39; discussion 1640-2, 2012
                                          4. Moyle PL et al: Nonovarian cystic lesions of the pelvis. Radiographics. 30(4):921-38, 2010
                                          5. Vallerie AM et al: Peritoneal inclusion cysts: a review. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 64(5):321-34, 2009
                                          6. Tamai K et al: MR features of physiologic and benign conditions of the ovary. Eur Radiol. 16(12):2700-11, 2006
                                          7. Guerriero S et al: Role of transvaginal sonography in the diagnosis of peritoneal inclusion cysts. J Ultrasound Med. 23(9):1193-200, 2004
                                          8. Savelli L et al: Transvaginal sonographic appearance of peritoneal pseudocysts. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 23(3):284-8, 2004
                                          9. Hanbidge AE et al: US of the peritoneum. Radiographics. 23(3):663-84; discussion 684-5, 2003
                                          10. Jain KA: Imaging of peritoneal inclusion cysts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 174(6):1559-63, 2000
                                          11. Kim JS et al: Peritoneal inclusion cysts and their relationship to the ovaries: evaluation with sonography. Radiology. 204(2):481-4, 1997
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Abbreviations

                                                      • Peritoneal inclusion cyst (PIC)
                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Peritoneal pseudocyst
                                                      • Benign cystic mesothelioma
                                                      • Inflammatory cysts of pelvic peritoneum
                                                      • Benign encysted fluid
                                                      • Multilocular inclusion cyst
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Not true ovarian cyst
                                                      • Peritoneal or ovarian fluid trapped by peritoneal adhesions
                                                      • Multilocular adnexal mass contiguous with or encasing otherwise normal ovary

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Nonvascular Interventions

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Bharwani N et al: Peritoneal pseudocysts: aetiology, imaging appearances, and natural history. Clin Radiol. 68(8):828-36, 2013
                                                                                  2. Veldhuis WB et al: Peritoneal inclusion cysts: clinical characteristics and imaging features. Eur Radiol. 23(4):1167-74, 2013
                                                                                  3. Laing FC et al: US of the ovary and adnexa: to worry or not to worry? Radiographics. 32(6):1621-39; discussion 1640-2, 2012
                                                                                  4. Moyle PL et al: Nonovarian cystic lesions of the pelvis. Radiographics. 30(4):921-38, 2010
                                                                                  5. Vallerie AM et al: Peritoneal inclusion cysts: a review. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 64(5):321-34, 2009
                                                                                  6. Tamai K et al: MR features of physiologic and benign conditions of the ovary. Eur Radiol. 16(12):2700-11, 2006
                                                                                  7. Guerriero S et al: Role of transvaginal sonography in the diagnosis of peritoneal inclusion cysts. J Ultrasound Med. 23(9):1193-200, 2004
                                                                                  8. Savelli L et al: Transvaginal sonographic appearance of peritoneal pseudocysts. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 23(3):284-8, 2004
                                                                                  9. Hanbidge AE et al: US of the peritoneum. Radiographics. 23(3):663-84; discussion 684-5, 2003
                                                                                  10. Jain KA: Imaging of peritoneal inclusion cysts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 174(6):1559-63, 2000
                                                                                  11. Kim JS et al: Peritoneal inclusion cysts and their relationship to the ovaries: evaluation with sonography. Radiology. 204(2):481-4, 1997