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Persistent Hypoglossal Artery
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Primitive hypoglossal artery, fetal hypoglossal artery
          • Definitions

            • Persistent fetal carotid-basilar anastomosis with course from internal carotid artery through hypoglossal canal to basilar artery

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                      • Presentation

                        Selected References

                        1. OʼDonnell CM et al: Vertebral artery anomalies at the craniovertebral junction in the US population. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 39(18):E1053-7, 2014
                        2. Binning MJ et al: Cerebellar hemangioblastoma supplied by persistent hypoglossal artery. J Neurointerv Surg. 4(3):e3, 2012
                        3. Minné C et al: Persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (a normal variant) as the sole supply to the brain. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 23(3):426-8, 2012
                        4. Pavlisa G et al: Endovascular treatment of AVM-associated aneurysm of anterior inferior cerebellar artery through persistent primitive hypoglossal artery. Br J Neurosurg. 26(1):86-8, 2012
                        5. Takahashi H et al: Bilateral persistent hypoglossal arteries: MRI findings. Br J Radiol. 85(1010):e46-8, 2012
                        6. Clerici AM et al: De-novo headache with transient vertebro-basilar symptoms: role of embryonic hypoglossal artery. J Headache Pain. 12(6):639-43, 2011
                        7. Hui FK et al: Endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of a persistent primitive hypoglossal artery with complete resolution of brainstem compressive symptoms: case report. Neurosurgery. 68(3):E854-7; discussion E857, 2011
                        8. Tubbs RS et al: Persistent fetal intracranial arteries: a comprehensive review of anatomical and clinical significance. J Neurosurg. 114(4):1127-34, 2011
                        9. Uchino A et al: Persistent hypoglossal artery arising from the external carotid artery diagnosed by MR angiography. Surg Radiol Anat. 33(6):543-5, 2011
                        10. Lee EJ et al: Rare variant of persistent primitive hypoglossal artery in magnetic resonance angiography. Surg Radiol Anat. 32(8):801-4, 2010
                        11. Merrow AC: Persistent hypoglossal artery. Pediatr Radiol. 40 Suppl 1:S162, 2010
                        12. Uzawa A et al: Posterior cerebral artery territory infarction associated with persistent primitive hypoglossal artery with internal carotid artery atherosclerosis. Intern Med. 49(5):515-6, 2010
                        13. De Blasi R et al: A case of aneurysm on a persistent hypoglossal artery treated by endovascular coiling. Interv Neuroradiol. 15(2):175-8, 2009
                        14. Ulm AJ et al: Normal anatomical variations of the V₃ segment of the vertebral artery: surgical implications. J Neurosurg Spine. 13(4):451-60, 2010
                        Related Anatomy
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                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                        References
                        Tables

                        Tables

                        KEY FACTS

                        • Terminology

                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                            • Pathology

                              • Clinical Issues

                                TERMINOLOGY

                                • Synonyms

                                  • Primitive hypoglossal artery, fetal hypoglossal artery
                                • Definitions

                                  • Persistent fetal carotid-basilar anastomosis with course from internal carotid artery through hypoglossal canal to basilar artery

                                IMAGING

                                • General Features

                                  • CT Findings

                                    • MR Findings

                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                          PATHOLOGY

                                          • General Features

                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                            • Presentation

                                              Selected References

                                              1. OʼDonnell CM et al: Vertebral artery anomalies at the craniovertebral junction in the US population. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 39(18):E1053-7, 2014
                                              2. Binning MJ et al: Cerebellar hemangioblastoma supplied by persistent hypoglossal artery. J Neurointerv Surg. 4(3):e3, 2012
                                              3. Minné C et al: Persistent primitive hypoglossal artery (a normal variant) as the sole supply to the brain. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 23(3):426-8, 2012
                                              4. Pavlisa G et al: Endovascular treatment of AVM-associated aneurysm of anterior inferior cerebellar artery through persistent primitive hypoglossal artery. Br J Neurosurg. 26(1):86-8, 2012
                                              5. Takahashi H et al: Bilateral persistent hypoglossal arteries: MRI findings. Br J Radiol. 85(1010):e46-8, 2012
                                              6. Clerici AM et al: De-novo headache with transient vertebro-basilar symptoms: role of embryonic hypoglossal artery. J Headache Pain. 12(6):639-43, 2011
                                              7. Hui FK et al: Endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of a persistent primitive hypoglossal artery with complete resolution of brainstem compressive symptoms: case report. Neurosurgery. 68(3):E854-7; discussion E857, 2011
                                              8. Tubbs RS et al: Persistent fetal intracranial arteries: a comprehensive review of anatomical and clinical significance. J Neurosurg. 114(4):1127-34, 2011
                                              9. Uchino A et al: Persistent hypoglossal artery arising from the external carotid artery diagnosed by MR angiography. Surg Radiol Anat. 33(6):543-5, 2011
                                              10. Lee EJ et al: Rare variant of persistent primitive hypoglossal artery in magnetic resonance angiography. Surg Radiol Anat. 32(8):801-4, 2010
                                              11. Merrow AC: Persistent hypoglossal artery. Pediatr Radiol. 40 Suppl 1:S162, 2010
                                              12. Uzawa A et al: Posterior cerebral artery territory infarction associated with persistent primitive hypoglossal artery with internal carotid artery atherosclerosis. Intern Med. 49(5):515-6, 2010
                                              13. De Blasi R et al: A case of aneurysm on a persistent hypoglossal artery treated by endovascular coiling. Interv Neuroradiol. 15(2):175-8, 2009
                                              14. Ulm AJ et al: Normal anatomical variations of the V₃ segment of the vertebral artery: surgical implications. J Neurosurg Spine. 13(4):451-60, 2010