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Pineal Cyst
Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Pineal cyst (PC)
            • Synonyms

              • Glial cyst of pineal gland
            • Definitions

              • Nonneoplastic intrapineal glial-lined cyst

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Angiographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Kalani MY et al: Pineal cyst resection in the absence of ventriculomegaly or Parinaud's syndrome: clinical outcomes and implications for patient selection. J Neurosurg. 1-5, 2015
                                          2. Westphal M et al: Pineal lesions: a multidisciplinary challenge. Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg. 42:79-102, 2015
                                          3. Berhouma M et al: Update on the management of pineal cysts: Case series and a review of the literature. Neurochirurgie. ePub, 2014
                                          4. Jouvet A et al: Pineal parenchymal tumours and pineal cysts. Neurochirurgie. ePub, 2014
                                          5. Kahilogullari G et al: Pineal cysts in children: case-based update. Childs Nerv Syst. 29(5):753-60, 2013
                                          6. Choy W et al: Pineal cyst: a review of clinical and radiological features. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 22(3):341-51, vii, 2011
                                          7. Al-Holou WN et al: Prevalence of pineal cysts in children and young adults. Clinical article. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 4(3):230-6, 2009
                                          8. Cauley KA et al: Serial follow-up MRI of indeterminate cystic lesions of the pineal region: experience at a rural tertiary care referral center. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(2):533-7, 2009
                                          9. Fakhran S et al: Pineocytoma mimicking a pineal cyst on imaging: true diagnostic dilemma or a case of incomplete imaging? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 29(1):159-63, 2008
                                          10. Barboriak DP et al: Serial MR imaging of pineal cysts: implications for natural history and follow-up. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 176(3):737-43, 2001
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Abbreviations

                                                      • Pineal cyst (PC)
                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Glial cyst of pineal gland
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Nonneoplastic intrapineal glial-lined cyst

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Angiographic Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Kalani MY et al: Pineal cyst resection in the absence of ventriculomegaly or Parinaud's syndrome: clinical outcomes and implications for patient selection. J Neurosurg. 1-5, 2015
                                                                                  2. Westphal M et al: Pineal lesions: a multidisciplinary challenge. Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg. 42:79-102, 2015
                                                                                  3. Berhouma M et al: Update on the management of pineal cysts: Case series and a review of the literature. Neurochirurgie. ePub, 2014
                                                                                  4. Jouvet A et al: Pineal parenchymal tumours and pineal cysts. Neurochirurgie. ePub, 2014
                                                                                  5. Kahilogullari G et al: Pineal cysts in children: case-based update. Childs Nerv Syst. 29(5):753-60, 2013
                                                                                  6. Choy W et al: Pineal cyst: a review of clinical and radiological features. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 22(3):341-51, vii, 2011
                                                                                  7. Al-Holou WN et al: Prevalence of pineal cysts in children and young adults. Clinical article. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 4(3):230-6, 2009
                                                                                  8. Cauley KA et al: Serial follow-up MRI of indeterminate cystic lesions of the pineal region: experience at a rural tertiary care referral center. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(2):533-7, 2009
                                                                                  9. Fakhran S et al: Pineocytoma mimicking a pineal cyst on imaging: true diagnostic dilemma or a case of incomplete imaging? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 29(1):159-63, 2008
                                                                                  10. Barboriak DP et al: Serial MR imaging of pineal cysts: implications for natural history and follow-up. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 176(3):737-43, 2001