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Pneumonia, Mycobacterial
Kitt Shaffer, MD, PhD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Mycobacterial pneumonia (MTB)
            • Tuberculosis (TB), consumption
          • Definitions

            • Indolent bacterial (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) infection, often relapsing course, associated with fibrosis, calcification, and adenopathy
              • Varying appearance depending on time course
                • Primary tuberculosis, initial infection
                • Miliary tuberculosis, overwhelming infection
                • Reactivation tuberculosis, recurrent infection

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Lee CH et al: Response to empirical anti-tuberculosis treatment in patients with sputum smear-negative presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis. Respiration. 72(4):369-74, 2005
                                      2. Okeke IN et al: Antimicrobial resistance in developing countries. Part II: strategies for containment. Lancet Infect Dis. 5(9):568-80, 2005
                                      3. Nuermberger E et al: Latent tuberculosis infection. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 25(3):317-36, 2004
                                      4. Goo JM et al: CT of tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial infections. Radiol Clin North Am. 40(1):73-87, viii, 2002
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Mycobacterial pneumonia (MTB)
                                                • Tuberculosis (TB), consumption
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Indolent bacterial (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) infection, often relapsing course, associated with fibrosis, calcification, and adenopathy
                                                  • Varying appearance depending on time course
                                                    • Primary tuberculosis, initial infection
                                                    • Miliary tuberculosis, overwhelming infection
                                                    • Reactivation tuberculosis, recurrent infection

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Radiographic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Consider

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Lee CH et al: Response to empirical anti-tuberculosis treatment in patients with sputum smear-negative presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis. Respiration. 72(4):369-74, 2005
                                                                          2. Okeke IN et al: Antimicrobial resistance in developing countries. Part II: strategies for containment. Lancet Infect Dis. 5(9):568-80, 2005
                                                                          3. Nuermberger E et al: Latent tuberculosis infection. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 25(3):317-36, 2004
                                                                          4. Goo JM et al: CT of tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial infections. Radiol Clin North Am. 40(1):73-87, viii, 2002