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Portal Vein Gas
Hee Sun Park, MD, PhD; Aya Kamaya, MD, FSRU, FSAR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Portal vein (PV)
              • Definitions

                • Gas within portal venous system

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Consider

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Sadatomo A et al: Hepatic portal venous gas after endoscopy in a patient with anastomotic obstruction. World J Gastrointest Surg. 7(2):21-4, 2015
                                    2. Bohnhorst B et al: Portal venous gas detected by ultrasound differentiates surgical NEC from other acquired neonatal intestinal diseases. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 21(1):12-7, 2011
                                    3. Esposito F et al: Intrahepatic portal-vein gas associated with rotavirus infection. J Ultrasound. 14(1):10-3, 2011
                                    4. Shah PA et al: Hepatic gas: widening spectrum of causes detected at CT and US in the interventional era. Radiographics. 31(5):1403-13, 2011
                                    5. Franken JM et al: Hepatic portal venous gas. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 19(4):360, 2010
                                    6. Abboud B et al: Hepatic portal venous gas: physiopathology, etiology, prognosis and treatment. World J Gastroenterol. 15(29):3585-90, 2009
                                    7. Dördelmann M et al: Evaluation of portal venous gas detected by ultrasound examination for diagnosis of necrotising enterocolitis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 94(3):F183-7, 2009
                                    8. Pan HB et al: Hepatic portal venous gas in ultrasonogram--benign or noxious. Ultrasound Med Biol. 33(8):1179-83, 2007
                                    9. Sarti J et al: Portal venous gas in hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. J Pediatr Surg. 41(11):1935-6, 2006
                                    10. Chiu HH et al: Hepatic portal venous gas. Am J Surg. 189(4):501-3, 2005
                                    11. Peloponissios N et al: Hepatic portal gas in adults: review of the literature and presentation of a consecutive series of 11 cases. Arch Surg. 138(12):1367-70, 2003
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Abbreviations

                                                  • Portal vein (PV)
                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Gas within portal venous system

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Presentation

                                                            • Demographics

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                  • Consider

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Sadatomo A et al: Hepatic portal venous gas after endoscopy in a patient with anastomotic obstruction. World J Gastrointest Surg. 7(2):21-4, 2015
                                                                      2. Bohnhorst B et al: Portal venous gas detected by ultrasound differentiates surgical NEC from other acquired neonatal intestinal diseases. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 21(1):12-7, 2011
                                                                      3. Esposito F et al: Intrahepatic portal-vein gas associated with rotavirus infection. J Ultrasound. 14(1):10-3, 2011
                                                                      4. Shah PA et al: Hepatic gas: widening spectrum of causes detected at CT and US in the interventional era. Radiographics. 31(5):1403-13, 2011
                                                                      5. Franken JM et al: Hepatic portal venous gas. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis. 19(4):360, 2010
                                                                      6. Abboud B et al: Hepatic portal venous gas: physiopathology, etiology, prognosis and treatment. World J Gastroenterol. 15(29):3585-90, 2009
                                                                      7. Dördelmann M et al: Evaluation of portal venous gas detected by ultrasound examination for diagnosis of necrotising enterocolitis. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 94(3):F183-7, 2009
                                                                      8. Pan HB et al: Hepatic portal venous gas in ultrasonogram--benign or noxious. Ultrasound Med Biol. 33(8):1179-83, 2007
                                                                      9. Sarti J et al: Portal venous gas in hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. J Pediatr Surg. 41(11):1935-6, 2006
                                                                      10. Chiu HH et al: Hepatic portal venous gas. Am J Surg. 189(4):501-3, 2005
                                                                      11. Peloponissios N et al: Hepatic portal gas in adults: review of the literature and presentation of a consecutive series of 11 cases. Arch Surg. 138(12):1367-70, 2003