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Prostatic Cyst
Bryan R. Foster, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Müllerian duct cyst, utricle cyst, ejaculatory duct cyst, prostate retention cyst
            • Definitions

              • Spectrum of cystic lesions in prostate
                • May be either congenital or acquired

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Treatment

                              Selected References

                              1. Zhang W et al: Relationship of seminal megavesicles, prostate median cysts, and genotype in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. J Magn Reson Imaging. 49(3):894-903, 2019
                              2. Mittal PK et al: Role of imaging in the evaluation of male infertility. Radiographics. 160125, 2017
                              3. Li Y et al: Beyond prostate adenocarcinoma: expanding the differential diagnosis in prostate pathologic conditions. Radiographics. 36(4):1055-75, 2016
                              4. Mittal PK et al: Hematospermia evaluation at MR imaging. Radiographics. 36(5):1373-89, 2016
                              5. Shebel HM et al: Cysts of the lower male genitourinary tract: embryologic and anatomic considerations and differential diagnosis. Radiographics. 33(4):1125-43, 2013
                              6. Galosi AB et al: Cystic lesions of the prostate gland: an ultrasound classification with pathological correlation. J Urol. 181(2):647-57, 2009
                              7. Prando A: Endorectal magnetic resonance imaging in persistent hemospermia. Int Braz J Urol. 34(2):171-7; discussion 177-9, 2008
                              8. Curran S et al: Endorectal MRI of prostatic and periprostatic cystic lesions and their mimics. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 188(5):1373-9, 2007
                              9. Ishikawa M et al: Midline prostatic cysts in healthy men: incidence and transabdominal sonographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 181(6):1669-72, 2003
                              10. Saito S: Transrectal ultrasound-guided puncture, drainage, and minocycline hydrochloride sclerotherapy for the symptomatic prostatic cyst. J Endourol. 16(9):693-5, 2002
                              11. Nghiem HT et al: Cystic lesions of the prostate. Radiographics. 10(4):635-50, 1990
                              12. Littrup PJ et al: Transrectal US of the seminal vesicles and ejaculatory ducts: clinical correlation. Radiology. 168(3):625-8, 1988
                              Related Anatomy
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                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              KEY FACTS

                              • Terminology

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Clinical Issues

                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Synonyms

                                          • Müllerian duct cyst, utricle cyst, ejaculatory duct cyst, prostate retention cyst
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Spectrum of cystic lesions in prostate
                                            • May be either congenital or acquired

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • CT Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Presentation

                                                      • Demographics

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          Selected References

                                                          1. Zhang W et al: Relationship of seminal megavesicles, prostate median cysts, and genotype in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. J Magn Reson Imaging. 49(3):894-903, 2019
                                                          2. Mittal PK et al: Role of imaging in the evaluation of male infertility. Radiographics. 160125, 2017
                                                          3. Li Y et al: Beyond prostate adenocarcinoma: expanding the differential diagnosis in prostate pathologic conditions. Radiographics. 36(4):1055-75, 2016
                                                          4. Mittal PK et al: Hematospermia evaluation at MR imaging. Radiographics. 36(5):1373-89, 2016
                                                          5. Shebel HM et al: Cysts of the lower male genitourinary tract: embryologic and anatomic considerations and differential diagnosis. Radiographics. 33(4):1125-43, 2013
                                                          6. Galosi AB et al: Cystic lesions of the prostate gland: an ultrasound classification with pathological correlation. J Urol. 181(2):647-57, 2009
                                                          7. Prando A: Endorectal magnetic resonance imaging in persistent hemospermia. Int Braz J Urol. 34(2):171-7; discussion 177-9, 2008
                                                          8. Curran S et al: Endorectal MRI of prostatic and periprostatic cystic lesions and their mimics. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 188(5):1373-9, 2007
                                                          9. Ishikawa M et al: Midline prostatic cysts in healthy men: incidence and transabdominal sonographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 181(6):1669-72, 2003
                                                          10. Saito S: Transrectal ultrasound-guided puncture, drainage, and minocycline hydrochloride sclerotherapy for the symptomatic prostatic cyst. J Endourol. 16(9):693-5, 2002
                                                          11. Nghiem HT et al: Cystic lesions of the prostate. Radiographics. 10(4):635-50, 1990
                                                          12. Littrup PJ et al: Transrectal US of the seminal vesicles and ejaculatory ducts: clinical correlation. Radiology. 168(3):625-8, 1988