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Prostatitis and Abscess
Alessandro Furlan, MD; Paula J. Woodward, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • NIH classified into 4 types
                • Type 1: Acute bacterial prostatitis
                • Type 2: Chronic bacterial prostatitis
                • Type 3: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS)
                • Type 4: Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Fluoroscopic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Treatment

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Rosenkrantz AB et al: Radiologist, be aware: ten pitfalls that confound the interpretation of multiparametric prostate MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(1):109-20, 2014
                                    2. Hoeks CM et al: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in the prostate transition zone: histopathological validation using magnetic resonance-guided biopsy specimens. Invest Radiol. 48(10):693-701, 2013
                                    3. Murphy AB et al: Chronic prostatitis: management strategies. Drugs. 69(1):71-84, 2009
                                    4. Rothman JR et al: Prostatitis: updates on diagnostic evaluation. Curr Urol Rep. 8(4):301-6, 2007
                                    5. Habermacher GM et al: Prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Annu Rev Med. 57:195-206, 2006
                                    6. Hua VN et al: Acute and chronic prostatitis. Med Clin North Am. 88(2):483-94, 2004
                                    7. Shukla-Dave A et al: Chronic prostatitis: MR imaging and 1H MR spectroscopic imaging findings--initial observations. Radiology. 231(3):717-24, 2004
                                    8. Gurunadha Rao Tunuguntla HS et al: Management of prostatitis. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 5(3):172-9, 2002
                                    9. Engelhard K et al: Combination of signal intensity measurements of lesions in the peripheral zone of prostate with MRI and serum PSA level for differentiating benign disease from prostate cancer. Eur Radiol. 10(12):1947-53, 2000
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Definitions

                                                • NIH classified into 4 types
                                                  • Type 1: Acute bacterial prostatitis
                                                  • Type 2: Chronic bacterial prostatitis
                                                  • Type 3: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS)
                                                  • Type 4: Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Rosenkrantz AB et al: Radiologist, be aware: ten pitfalls that confound the interpretation of multiparametric prostate MRI. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(1):109-20, 2014
                                                                      2. Hoeks CM et al: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in the prostate transition zone: histopathological validation using magnetic resonance-guided biopsy specimens. Invest Radiol. 48(10):693-701, 2013
                                                                      3. Murphy AB et al: Chronic prostatitis: management strategies. Drugs. 69(1):71-84, 2009
                                                                      4. Rothman JR et al: Prostatitis: updates on diagnostic evaluation. Curr Urol Rep. 8(4):301-6, 2007
                                                                      5. Habermacher GM et al: Prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Annu Rev Med. 57:195-206, 2006
                                                                      6. Hua VN et al: Acute and chronic prostatitis. Med Clin North Am. 88(2):483-94, 2004
                                                                      7. Shukla-Dave A et al: Chronic prostatitis: MR imaging and 1H MR spectroscopic imaging findings--initial observations. Radiology. 231(3):717-24, 2004
                                                                      8. Gurunadha Rao Tunuguntla HS et al: Management of prostatitis. Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 5(3):172-9, 2002
                                                                      9. Engelhard K et al: Combination of signal intensity measurements of lesions in the peripheral zone of prostate with MRI and serum PSA level for differentiating benign disease from prostate cancer. Eur Radiol. 10(12):1947-53, 2000