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Pulmonary Arteriovenous Malformation
Hank Baskin, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM)
            • Definitions

              • Abnormal, capillary-free vascular communication between pulmonary artery & vein, allowing R → L shunt

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Angiographic Findings

                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                          • Imaging Recommendations

                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                              PATHOLOGY

                              • General Features

                                • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                    • Microscopic Features

                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                      • Presentation

                                        • Demographics

                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                            • Treatment

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Holden VK et al: Implications of an incidental pulmonary arteriovenous malformation. J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep. 4(1):2324709616637190, 2016
                                              2. Kijima Y et al: Usefulness of transcranial Doppler for detecting pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Am J Cardiol. 117(7):1180-4, 2016
                                              3. Anticoli S et al: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation as a cause of embolic stroke: case report and review of the literature. Interv Neurol. 3(1):27-30, 2015
                                              4. Gill SS et al: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations and their mimics. Clin Radiol. 70(1):96-110, 2015
                                              5. Park J et al: Successful treatment of a large pulmonary arteriovenous malformation by repeated coil embolization. Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul). 78(4):408-11, 2015
                                              6. Iqbal N et al: Pulmonary arteriovascular malformation: a rare cause of unexplained hypoxia and acute dyspnoea in young patients. BMJ Case Rep. 2014, 2014
                                              7. Shovlin CL: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 190(11):1217-28, 2014
                                              8. Cartin-Ceba R et al: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. Chest. 144(3):1033-44, 2013
                                              9. Lacombe P et al: Diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: an overview. Diagn Interv Imaging. 94(9):835-48, 2013
                                              10. Manawadu D et al: Screening for right-to-left shunts with contrast transcranial Doppler in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Stroke. 42(5):1473-4, 2011
                                              11. Sharifah AI et al: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation: a rare cause of cyanosis in a child. Singapore Med J. 50(4):e127-9, 2009
                                              12. Liechty KW et al: Pulmonary vascular malformations. Semin Pediatr Surg. 17(1):9-16, 2008
                                              13. Faughnan ME et al: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in children: outcomes of transcatheter embolotherapy. J Pediatr. 145(6):826-31, 2004
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Abbreviations

                                                          • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM)
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Abnormal, capillary-free vascular communication between pulmonary artery & vein, allowing R → L shunt

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                  • Angiographic Findings

                                                                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                                          • General Features

                                                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Holden VK et al: Implications of an incidental pulmonary arteriovenous malformation. J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep. 4(1):2324709616637190, 2016
                                                                                          2. Kijima Y et al: Usefulness of transcranial Doppler for detecting pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Am J Cardiol. 117(7):1180-4, 2016
                                                                                          3. Anticoli S et al: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation as a cause of embolic stroke: case report and review of the literature. Interv Neurol. 3(1):27-30, 2015
                                                                                          4. Gill SS et al: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations and their mimics. Clin Radiol. 70(1):96-110, 2015
                                                                                          5. Park J et al: Successful treatment of a large pulmonary arteriovenous malformation by repeated coil embolization. Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul). 78(4):408-11, 2015
                                                                                          6. Iqbal N et al: Pulmonary arteriovascular malformation: a rare cause of unexplained hypoxia and acute dyspnoea in young patients. BMJ Case Rep. 2014, 2014
                                                                                          7. Shovlin CL: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 190(11):1217-28, 2014
                                                                                          8. Cartin-Ceba R et al: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. Chest. 144(3):1033-44, 2013
                                                                                          9. Lacombe P et al: Diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia: an overview. Diagn Interv Imaging. 94(9):835-48, 2013
                                                                                          10. Manawadu D et al: Screening for right-to-left shunts with contrast transcranial Doppler in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Stroke. 42(5):1473-4, 2011
                                                                                          11. Sharifah AI et al: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation: a rare cause of cyanosis in a child. Singapore Med J. 50(4):e127-9, 2009
                                                                                          12. Liechty KW et al: Pulmonary vascular malformations. Semin Pediatr Surg. 17(1):9-16, 2008
                                                                                          13. Faughnan ME et al: Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations in children: outcomes of transcatheter embolotherapy. J Pediatr. 145(6):826-31, 2004