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Radiography
Colin J. McCarthy, MB, BCh, BAO, MRCSI, FFR (RCSI); Donald V. La Barge, III, MD, MBA
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging Anatomy

      • Anatomy Imaging Issues

        • Clinical Implications

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Diagnostic radiographic imaging performed at minimum radiation dose to patient to evaluate anatomic/developmental abnormalities and disease processes of spine

          IMAGING ANATOMY

          • Indications

            • Requisition

              • Procedural Guidance

                ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

                • Key Concepts

                  • Imaging Approaches

                    • Imaging Protocols

                      • Imaging Pitfalls

                        EMBRYOLOGY

                        • Practical Implications

                          Selected References

                          1. Cohen SL et al: Radiation dose practice audit of 6,234 fluoroscopically-guided spinal injections. Pain Physician. 22(2):E119-25, 2019
                          2. Stochkendahl MJ et al: National Clinical Guidelines for non-surgical treatment of patients with recent onset low back pain or lumbar radiculopathy. Eur Spine J. 27(1):60-75, 2018
                          3. Wáng YXJ et al: Informed appropriate imaging for low back pain management: a narrative review. J Orthop Translat. 15:21-34, 2018
                          4. Patel ND et al: ACR appropriateness criteria low back pain. J Am Coll Radiol. 13(9):1069-78, 2016
                          5. Plastaras CT et al: C-arm fluoroscope angle settings for fluoroscopically guided lumbar transforaminal epidural injections. Pain Med. 17(5):832-8, 2016
                          6. Iannuccilli JD et al: Interventional spine procedures for management of chronic low back pain-a primer. Semin Intervent Radiol. 30(3):307-17, 2013
                          7. Silva CT et al: Do additional views improve the diagnostic performance of cervical spine radiography in pediatric trauma? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 194(2):500-8, 2010
                          8. Holmes JF et al: Computed tomography versus plain radiography to screen for cervical spine injury: a meta-analysis. J Trauma. 58(5):902-5, 2005
                          9. Schueler BA: The AAPM/RSNA physics tutorial for residents: general overview of fluoroscopic imaging. Radiographics. 20(4):1115-26, 2000
                          Related Anatomy
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                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                          References
                          Tables

                          Tables

                          KEY FACTS

                          • Terminology

                            • Imaging Anatomy

                              • Anatomy Imaging Issues

                                • Clinical Implications

                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                  • Definitions

                                    • Diagnostic radiographic imaging performed at minimum radiation dose to patient to evaluate anatomic/developmental abnormalities and disease processes of spine

                                  IMAGING ANATOMY

                                  • Indications

                                    • Requisition

                                      • Procedural Guidance

                                        ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

                                        • Key Concepts

                                          • Imaging Approaches

                                            • Imaging Protocols

                                              • Imaging Pitfalls

                                                EMBRYOLOGY

                                                • Practical Implications

                                                  Selected References

                                                  1. Cohen SL et al: Radiation dose practice audit of 6,234 fluoroscopically-guided spinal injections. Pain Physician. 22(2):E119-25, 2019
                                                  2. Stochkendahl MJ et al: National Clinical Guidelines for non-surgical treatment of patients with recent onset low back pain or lumbar radiculopathy. Eur Spine J. 27(1):60-75, 2018
                                                  3. Wáng YXJ et al: Informed appropriate imaging for low back pain management: a narrative review. J Orthop Translat. 15:21-34, 2018
                                                  4. Patel ND et al: ACR appropriateness criteria low back pain. J Am Coll Radiol. 13(9):1069-78, 2016
                                                  5. Plastaras CT et al: C-arm fluoroscope angle settings for fluoroscopically guided lumbar transforaminal epidural injections. Pain Med. 17(5):832-8, 2016
                                                  6. Iannuccilli JD et al: Interventional spine procedures for management of chronic low back pain-a primer. Semin Intervent Radiol. 30(3):307-17, 2013
                                                  7. Silva CT et al: Do additional views improve the diagnostic performance of cervical spine radiography in pediatric trauma? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 194(2):500-8, 2010
                                                  8. Holmes JF et al: Computed tomography versus plain radiography to screen for cervical spine injury: a meta-analysis. J Trauma. 58(5):902-5, 2005
                                                  9. Schueler BA: The AAPM/RSNA physics tutorial for residents: general overview of fluoroscopic imaging. Radiographics. 20(4):1115-26, 2000