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Rectal Carcinoma
Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Malignant transformation of rectal mucosa

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Lim SB et al: Nonoperative strategies for rectal cancer following a complete clinical response to preoperative chemoradiation: a few considerations. Oncology (Williston Park). 28(7):620-1, 2014
                                              2. Minsky BD et al: MRI-based treatment decision making for rectal cancer. Oncology (Williston Park). 28(8):680-1, 2014
                                              3. Monson JR et al: Failure of evidence-based cancer care in the United States: the association between rectal cancer treatment, cancer center volume, and geography. Ann Surg. 260(4):625-31; discussion 631-2, 2014
                                              4. Winter D: Outcomes in locally advanced rectal cancer with highly selective preoperative chemoradiotherapy--editor's comments. Br J Surg. 101(10):1298, 2014
                                              5. Hoffman JR et al: Carcinoma of the prostate with aggressive rectal invasion. Am Surg. 75(5):434-6, 2009
                                              6. Platell C: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery. ANZ J Surg. 79(4):275-80, 2009
                                              7. Shen SS et al: Number of lymph nodes examined and associated clinicopathologic factors in colorectal carcinoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 133(5):781-6, 2009
                                              8. Silva AC et al: Evaluation of benign and malignant rectal lesions with CT colonography and endoscopic correlation. Radiographics. 26(4):1085-99, 2006
                                              9. Stollfuss JC et al: Rectal carcinoma: high-spatial-resolution MR imaging and T2 quantification in rectal cancer specimens. Radiology. 241(1):132-41, 2006
                                              10. Fuchsjäger MH et al: Comparison of transrectal sonography and double-contrast MR imaging when staging rectal cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 181(2):421-7, 2003
                                              11. Levine MS et al: Diagnosis of colorectal neoplasms at double-contrast barium enema examination. Radiology. 216(1):11-8, 2000
                                              12. Maier AG et al: Transrectal sonography of anal sphincter infiltration in lower rectal carcinoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 175(3):735-9, 2000
                                              13. Winawer SJ et al: A comparison of colonoscopy and double-contrast barium enema for surveillance after polypectomy. National Polyp Study Work Group. N Engl J Med. 342(24):1766-72, 2000
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Malignant transformation of rectal mucosa

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Lim SB et al: Nonoperative strategies for rectal cancer following a complete clinical response to preoperative chemoradiation: a few considerations. Oncology (Williston Park). 28(7):620-1, 2014
                                                                                          2. Minsky BD et al: MRI-based treatment decision making for rectal cancer. Oncology (Williston Park). 28(8):680-1, 2014
                                                                                          3. Monson JR et al: Failure of evidence-based cancer care in the United States: the association between rectal cancer treatment, cancer center volume, and geography. Ann Surg. 260(4):625-31; discussion 631-2, 2014
                                                                                          4. Winter D: Outcomes in locally advanced rectal cancer with highly selective preoperative chemoradiotherapy--editor's comments. Br J Surg. 101(10):1298, 2014
                                                                                          5. Hoffman JR et al: Carcinoma of the prostate with aggressive rectal invasion. Am Surg. 75(5):434-6, 2009
                                                                                          6. Platell C: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery. ANZ J Surg. 79(4):275-80, 2009
                                                                                          7. Shen SS et al: Number of lymph nodes examined and associated clinicopathologic factors in colorectal carcinoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 133(5):781-6, 2009
                                                                                          8. Silva AC et al: Evaluation of benign and malignant rectal lesions with CT colonography and endoscopic correlation. Radiographics. 26(4):1085-99, 2006
                                                                                          9. Stollfuss JC et al: Rectal carcinoma: high-spatial-resolution MR imaging and T2 quantification in rectal cancer specimens. Radiology. 241(1):132-41, 2006
                                                                                          10. Fuchsjäger MH et al: Comparison of transrectal sonography and double-contrast MR imaging when staging rectal cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 181(2):421-7, 2003
                                                                                          11. Levine MS et al: Diagnosis of colorectal neoplasms at double-contrast barium enema examination. Radiology. 216(1):11-8, 2000
                                                                                          12. Maier AG et al: Transrectal sonography of anal sphincter infiltration in lower rectal carcinoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 175(3):735-9, 2000
                                                                                          13. Winawer SJ et al: A comparison of colonoscopy and double-contrast barium enema for surveillance after polypectomy. National Polyp Study Work Group. N Engl J Med. 342(24):1766-72, 2000