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Relapsing Polychondritis
Jeffrey P. Kanne, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Relapsing polychondritis (RPC)
              • Definitions

                • Rare autoimmune disorder resulting in cartilage inflammation & destruction
                  • Ear, nose, laryngotracheobronchial tree

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Chung JH et al: CT of diffuse tracheal diseases. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 196(3):W240-6, 2011
                                            2. Rafeq S et al: Pulmonary manifestations of relapsing polychondritis. Clin Chest Med. 31(3):513-8, 2010
                                            3. Grenier PA et al: Nonneoplastic tracheal and bronchial stenoses. Radiol Clin North Am. 47(2):243-60, 2009
                                            4. Faix LE et al: Uncommon CT findings in relapsing polychondritis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 26(8):2134-6, 2005
                                            5. Gergely P et al: Relapsing polychondritis. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 18(5):723-38, 2004
                                            6. Kent PD et al: Relapsing polychondritis. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 16(1):56-61, 2004
                                            7. Braman SS: Diffuse tracheal narrowing with recurrent bronchopulmonary infections. Relapsing polychondritis. Chest. 123(1):289, 90, 2003
                                            8. Prince JS et al: Nonneoplastic lesions of the tracheobronchial wall: radiologic findings with bronchoscopic correlation. Radiographics. 2002 Oct;22 Spec No:S215-30. Review. Erratum in: Radiographics. 23(1):191, 2003
                                            9. Behar JV et al: Relapsing polychondritis affecting the lower respiratory tract. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(1):173-7, 2002
                                            10. Staats BA et al: Relapsing polychondritis. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 23(2):145-54, 2002
                                            11. Yamazaki K et al: Large vessel arteritis in relapsing polychondritis. J Laryngol Otol. 115(10):836-8, 2001
                                            12. Sarodia BD et al: Management of airway manifestations of relapsing polychondritis: case reports and review of literature. Chest. 116(6):1669-75, 1999
                                            13. Tillie-Leblond I et al: Respiratory involvement in relapsing polychondritis. Clinical, functional, endoscopic, and radiographic evaluations. Medicine (Baltimore). 77(3):168-76, 1998
                                            14. Trentham DE et al: Relapsing polychondritis. Ann Intern Med. 129(2):114-22, 1998
                                            15. Adliff M et al: Treatment of diffuse tracheomalacia secondary to relapsing polychondritis with continuous positive airway pressure. Chest. 112(6):1701-4, 1997
                                            16. Zeuner M et al: Relapsing polychondritis: clinical and immunogenetic analysis of 62 patients. J Rheumatol. 24(1):96-101, 1997
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Abbreviations

                                                          • Relapsing polychondritis (RPC)
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Rare autoimmune disorder resulting in cartilage inflammation & destruction
                                                            • Ear, nose, laryngotracheobronchial tree

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                • Treatment

                                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                  • Consider

                                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Chung JH et al: CT of diffuse tracheal diseases. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 196(3):W240-6, 2011
                                                                                      2. Rafeq S et al: Pulmonary manifestations of relapsing polychondritis. Clin Chest Med. 31(3):513-8, 2010
                                                                                      3. Grenier PA et al: Nonneoplastic tracheal and bronchial stenoses. Radiol Clin North Am. 47(2):243-60, 2009
                                                                                      4. Faix LE et al: Uncommon CT findings in relapsing polychondritis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 26(8):2134-6, 2005
                                                                                      5. Gergely P et al: Relapsing polychondritis. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 18(5):723-38, 2004
                                                                                      6. Kent PD et al: Relapsing polychondritis. Curr Opin Rheumatol. 16(1):56-61, 2004
                                                                                      7. Braman SS: Diffuse tracheal narrowing with recurrent bronchopulmonary infections. Relapsing polychondritis. Chest. 123(1):289, 90, 2003
                                                                                      8. Prince JS et al: Nonneoplastic lesions of the tracheobronchial wall: radiologic findings with bronchoscopic correlation. Radiographics. 2002 Oct;22 Spec No:S215-30. Review. Erratum in: Radiographics. 23(1):191, 2003
                                                                                      9. Behar JV et al: Relapsing polychondritis affecting the lower respiratory tract. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 178(1):173-7, 2002
                                                                                      10. Staats BA et al: Relapsing polychondritis. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 23(2):145-54, 2002
                                                                                      11. Yamazaki K et al: Large vessel arteritis in relapsing polychondritis. J Laryngol Otol. 115(10):836-8, 2001
                                                                                      12. Sarodia BD et al: Management of airway manifestations of relapsing polychondritis: case reports and review of literature. Chest. 116(6):1669-75, 1999
                                                                                      13. Tillie-Leblond I et al: Respiratory involvement in relapsing polychondritis. Clinical, functional, endoscopic, and radiographic evaluations. Medicine (Baltimore). 77(3):168-76, 1998
                                                                                      14. Trentham DE et al: Relapsing polychondritis. Ann Intern Med. 129(2):114-22, 1998
                                                                                      15. Adliff M et al: Treatment of diffuse tracheomalacia secondary to relapsing polychondritis with continuous positive airway pressure. Chest. 112(6):1701-4, 1997
                                                                                      16. Zeuner M et al: Relapsing polychondritis: clinical and immunogenetic analysis of 62 patients. J Rheumatol. 24(1):96-101, 1997