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Renal Agenesis
Ethan A. Smith, MD; A. Carlson Merrow, Jr., MD, FAAP
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Congenital abnormality of kidney & urinary tract (CAKUT)
                • Solitary kidney
              • Definitions

                • Congenital absence of functioning renal tissue

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                          • Imaging Recommendations

                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                              PATHOLOGY

                              • General Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Bienstock JL et al: Successful in utero intervention for bilateral renal agenesis. Obstet Gynecol. 124(2 Pt 2 Suppl 1):413-5, 2014
                                        2. Westland R et al: Unilateral renal agenesis: a systematic review on associated anomalies and renal injury. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 28(7):1844-55, 2013
                                        3. Orazi C et al: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome: uterus didelphys, blind hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Sonographic and MR findings in 11 cases. Pediatr Radiol. 37(7):657-65, 2007
                                        4. Cascio S et al: Associated urological anomalies in children with unilateral renal agenesis. J Urol. 162(3 Pt 2):1081-3, 1999
                                        5. Hoffman CK et al: The "lying down" adrenal sign: a sonographic indicator of renal agenesis or ectopia in fetuses and neonates. J Ultrasound Med. 11(10):533-6, 1992
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Synonyms

                                                      • Congenital abnormality of kidney & urinary tract (CAKUT)
                                                      • Solitary kidney
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Congenital absence of functioning renal tissue

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Bienstock JL et al: Successful in utero intervention for bilateral renal agenesis. Obstet Gynecol. 124(2 Pt 2 Suppl 1):413-5, 2014
                                                                              2. Westland R et al: Unilateral renal agenesis: a systematic review on associated anomalies and renal injury. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 28(7):1844-55, 2013
                                                                              3. Orazi C et al: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome: uterus didelphys, blind hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Sonographic and MR findings in 11 cases. Pediatr Radiol. 37(7):657-65, 2007
                                                                              4. Cascio S et al: Associated urological anomalies in children with unilateral renal agenesis. J Urol. 162(3 Pt 2):1081-3, 1999
                                                                              5. Hoffman CK et al: The "lying down" adrenal sign: a sonographic indicator of renal agenesis or ectopia in fetuses and neonates. J Ultrasound Med. 11(10):533-6, 1992