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Renal Vein Thrombosis
Amir A. Borhani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Renal vein thrombosis (RVT)
              • Definitions

                • Obstruction of renal vein (RV) by thrombus

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Fluoroscopic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        • Angiographic Findings

                          • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                            • Imaging Recommendations

                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                PATHOLOGY

                                • General Features

                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                    • Presentation

                                      • Demographics

                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                          • Treatment

                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                            • Consider

                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                Selected References

                                                1. Jones JA et al: Late onset of renal vein thrombosis after renal transplantation. Ultrasound Q. 30(3):228-9, 2014
                                                2. Yang GF et al: Thromboembolic complications in nephrotic syndrome: imaging spectrum. Acta Radiol. 53(10):1186-94, 2012
                                                3. Elsaify WM: Neonatal renal vein thrombosis: grey-scale and Doppler ultrasonic features. Abdom Imaging. 34(3):413-8, 2009
                                                4. Cai S et al: Evaluation of acute renal artery thrombosis or embolism with color Doppler sonography. Clin Imaging. 32(5):367-71, 2008
                                                5. Cai S et al: Color Doppler ultrasonography appearances of renal vein thrombosis and its diagnostic value. Chin Med Sci J. 22(1):17-21, 2007
                                                6. Lau KK et al: Bilateral renal venous thrombosis and adrenal hemorrhage: sequential prenatal US with postnatal recovery. Pediatr Radiol. 37(9):912-5, 2007
                                                7. Akbar SA et al: Complications of renal transplantation. Radiographics. 25(5):1335-56, 2005
                                                8. Goldenberg NA: Long-term outcomes of venous thrombosis in children. Curr Opin Hematol. 12(5):370-6, 2005
                                                9. Noble VE et al: Renal ultrasound. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 22(3):641-59, 2004
                                                10. Butty S et al: Body MR venography. Radiol Clin North Am. 40(4):899-919, 2002
                                                11. Urban BA et al: Three-dimensional volume-rendered CT angiography of the renal arteries and veins: normal anatomy, variants, and clinical applications. Radiographics. 21(2):373-86; questionnaire 549-55, 2001
                                                12. Kawashima A et al: CT evaluation of renovascular disease. Radiographics. 20(5):1321-40, 2000
                                                13. Tempany CM et al: MRI of the renal veins: assessment of nonneoplastic venous thrombosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 16(6):929-34, 1992
                                                14. Gatewood OM et al: Renal vein thrombosis in patients with nephrotic syndrome: CT diagnosis. Radiology. 159(1):117-22, 1986
                                                15. Glazer GM et al: Computed tomography of renal vein thrombosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 8(2):288-93, 1984
                                                16. Jeffrey RB et al: CT and ultrasonography of acute renal abnormalities. Radiol Clin North Am. 21(3):515-25, 1983
                                                17. Bradley WG Jr et al: Renal vein thrombosis: occurrence in membranous glomerulonephropathy and lupus nephritis. Radiology. 139(3):571-6, 1981
                                                18. Chait A et al: Renal vein thrombosis. Radiology. 90(5):886-96, 1968
                                                Related Anatomy
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                                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                                References
                                                Tables

                                                Tables

                                                KEY FACTS

                                                • Terminology

                                                  • Imaging

                                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                      • Pathology

                                                        • Clinical Issues

                                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                                            • Abbreviations

                                                              • Renal vein thrombosis (RVT)
                                                            • Definitions

                                                              • Obstruction of renal vein (RV) by thrombus

                                                            IMAGING

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                                • CT Findings

                                                                  • MR Findings

                                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                      • Angiographic Findings

                                                                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                                              • General Features

                                                                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                          • Consider

                                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                              Selected References

                                                                                              1. Jones JA et al: Late onset of renal vein thrombosis after renal transplantation. Ultrasound Q. 30(3):228-9, 2014
                                                                                              2. Yang GF et al: Thromboembolic complications in nephrotic syndrome: imaging spectrum. Acta Radiol. 53(10):1186-94, 2012
                                                                                              3. Elsaify WM: Neonatal renal vein thrombosis: grey-scale and Doppler ultrasonic features. Abdom Imaging. 34(3):413-8, 2009
                                                                                              4. Cai S et al: Evaluation of acute renal artery thrombosis or embolism with color Doppler sonography. Clin Imaging. 32(5):367-71, 2008
                                                                                              5. Cai S et al: Color Doppler ultrasonography appearances of renal vein thrombosis and its diagnostic value. Chin Med Sci J. 22(1):17-21, 2007
                                                                                              6. Lau KK et al: Bilateral renal venous thrombosis and adrenal hemorrhage: sequential prenatal US with postnatal recovery. Pediatr Radiol. 37(9):912-5, 2007
                                                                                              7. Akbar SA et al: Complications of renal transplantation. Radiographics. 25(5):1335-56, 2005
                                                                                              8. Goldenberg NA: Long-term outcomes of venous thrombosis in children. Curr Opin Hematol. 12(5):370-6, 2005
                                                                                              9. Noble VE et al: Renal ultrasound. Emerg Med Clin North Am. 22(3):641-59, 2004
                                                                                              10. Butty S et al: Body MR venography. Radiol Clin North Am. 40(4):899-919, 2002
                                                                                              11. Urban BA et al: Three-dimensional volume-rendered CT angiography of the renal arteries and veins: normal anatomy, variants, and clinical applications. Radiographics. 21(2):373-86; questionnaire 549-55, 2001
                                                                                              12. Kawashima A et al: CT evaluation of renovascular disease. Radiographics. 20(5):1321-40, 2000
                                                                                              13. Tempany CM et al: MRI of the renal veins: assessment of nonneoplastic venous thrombosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 16(6):929-34, 1992
                                                                                              14. Gatewood OM et al: Renal vein thrombosis in patients with nephrotic syndrome: CT diagnosis. Radiology. 159(1):117-22, 1986
                                                                                              15. Glazer GM et al: Computed tomography of renal vein thrombosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 8(2):288-93, 1984
                                                                                              16. Jeffrey RB et al: CT and ultrasonography of acute renal abnormalities. Radiol Clin North Am. 21(3):515-25, 1983
                                                                                              17. Bradley WG Jr et al: Renal vein thrombosis: occurrence in membranous glomerulonephropathy and lupus nephritis. Radiology. 139(3):571-6, 1981
                                                                                              18. Chait A et al: Renal vein thrombosis. Radiology. 90(5):886-96, 1968