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Renal Vein Thrombosis
Katherine E. Maturen, MD, MS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Renal vein thrombosis (RVT)
            • Definitions

              • Clot formation in renal vein (RV)
              • Clot or "bland thrombus" in vein, not tumor extension into vein or "tumor thrombus"

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Other Modality Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Al-Katib S et al: Radiologic assessment of native renal vasculature: a multimodality review. Radiographics. 37(1):136-156, 2017
                                        2. Jones JA et al: Late onset of renal vein thrombosis after renal transplantation. Ultrasound Q. 30(3):228-9, 2014
                                        3. Moudgil A: Renal venous thrombosis in neonates. Curr Pediatr Rev. 10(2):101-6, 2014
                                        4. Sciascia S et al: Renal involvement in antiphospholipid syndrome. Nat Rev Nephrol. 10(5):279-89, 2014
                                        5. Horrow MM et al: Immediate postoperative sonography of renal transplants: vascular findings and outcomes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 201(3):W479-86, 2013
                                        6. Leschied JR et al: 99mTc MAG3 renography demonstrating return to normal renal function following resolution of renal vein thrombosis. Clin Nucl Med. 37(4):382-4, 2012
                                        7. Yang GF et al: Thromboembolic complications in nephrotic syndrome: imaging spectrum. Acta Radiol. 53(10):1186-94, 2012
                                        8. Urban BA et al: Three-dimensional volume-rendered CT angiography of the renal arteries and veins: normal anatomy, variants, and clinical applications. Radiographics. 21(2):373-86; questionnaire 549-55, 2001
                                        9. Heiss SG et al: Contrast-enhanced three-dimensional fast spoiled gradient-echo renal MR imaging: evaluation of vascular and nonvascular disease. Radiographics. 20(5):1341-52; discussion 1353-4, 2000
                                        10. Zigman A et al: Renal vein thrombosis: a 10-year review. J Pediatr Surg. 35(11):1540-2, 2000
                                        11. Chait A et al: Renal vein thrombosis. Radiology. 90(5):886-96, 1968
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Abbreviations

                                                    • Renal vein thrombosis (RVT)
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Clot formation in renal vein (RV)
                                                    • Clot or "bland thrombus" in vein, not tumor extension into vein or "tumor thrombus"

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                      • Other Modality Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Al-Katib S et al: Radiologic assessment of native renal vasculature: a multimodality review. Radiographics. 37(1):136-156, 2017
                                                                              2. Jones JA et al: Late onset of renal vein thrombosis after renal transplantation. Ultrasound Q. 30(3):228-9, 2014
                                                                              3. Moudgil A: Renal venous thrombosis in neonates. Curr Pediatr Rev. 10(2):101-6, 2014
                                                                              4. Sciascia S et al: Renal involvement in antiphospholipid syndrome. Nat Rev Nephrol. 10(5):279-89, 2014
                                                                              5. Horrow MM et al: Immediate postoperative sonography of renal transplants: vascular findings and outcomes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 201(3):W479-86, 2013
                                                                              6. Leschied JR et al: 99mTc MAG3 renography demonstrating return to normal renal function following resolution of renal vein thrombosis. Clin Nucl Med. 37(4):382-4, 2012
                                                                              7. Yang GF et al: Thromboembolic complications in nephrotic syndrome: imaging spectrum. Acta Radiol. 53(10):1186-94, 2012
                                                                              8. Urban BA et al: Three-dimensional volume-rendered CT angiography of the renal arteries and veins: normal anatomy, variants, and clinical applications. Radiographics. 21(2):373-86; questionnaire 549-55, 2001
                                                                              9. Heiss SG et al: Contrast-enhanced three-dimensional fast spoiled gradient-echo renal MR imaging: evaluation of vascular and nonvascular disease. Radiographics. 20(5):1341-52; discussion 1353-4, 2000
                                                                              10. Zigman A et al: Renal vein thrombosis: a 10-year review. J Pediatr Surg. 35(11):1540-2, 2000
                                                                              11. Chait A et al: Renal vein thrombosis. Radiology. 90(5):886-96, 1968