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Renal Vein Thrombosis
Kanupriya Vijay, MD; Amir A. Borhani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Renal vein thrombosis (RVT)
              • Definitions

                • Obstruction of renal vein (RV) by thrombus

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Fluoroscopic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        • Angiographic Findings

                          • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                            • Imaging Recommendations

                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                PATHOLOGY

                                • General Features

                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                    • Presentation

                                      • Demographics

                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                          • Treatment

                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                            • Consider

                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                Selected References

                                                1. Lee HN et al: CT findings after left renal vein division during abdominal aortic surgery. Acta Radiol. 284185120971845, 2020
                                                2. Li Q et al: Diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for detecting bland thrombus from inferior vena cava tumor thrombus in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Int Braz J Urol. 46(1):92-100, 2020
                                                3. El Zorkany K et al: Transplant renal vein thrombosis. Exp Clin Transplant. 15(2):123-9, 2017
                                                4. Jones JA et al: Late onset of renal vein thrombosis after renal transplantation. Ultrasound Q. 30(3):228-9, 2014
                                                5. Zhang LJ et al: Three-dimensional contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance venography for detection of renal vein thrombosis: comparison with multidetector CT venography. Acta Radiol. 54(10):1125-31, 2013
                                                6. Yang GF et al: Thromboembolic complications in nephrotic syndrome: imaging spectrum. Acta Radiol. 53(10):1186-94, 2012
                                                7. Elsaify WM: Neonatal renal vein thrombosis: grey-scale and Doppler ultrasonic features. Abdom Imaging. 34(3):413-8, 2009
                                                8. Cai S et al: Evaluation of acute renal artery thrombosis or embolism with color Doppler sonography. Clin Imaging. 32(5):367-71, 2008
                                                9. Asghar M et al: Renal vein thrombosis. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 34(2):217-23, 2007
                                                10. Cai S et al: Color Doppler ultrasonography appearances of renal vein thrombosis and its diagnostic value. Chin Med Sci J. 22(1):17-21, 2007
                                                Related Anatomy
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                                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                                References
                                                Tables

                                                Tables

                                                KEY FACTS

                                                • Terminology

                                                  • Imaging

                                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                      • Pathology

                                                        • Clinical Issues

                                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                                            • Abbreviations

                                                              • Renal vein thrombosis (RVT)
                                                            • Definitions

                                                              • Obstruction of renal vein (RV) by thrombus

                                                            IMAGING

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                                • CT Findings

                                                                  • MR Findings

                                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                      • Angiographic Findings

                                                                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                                              • General Features

                                                                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                          • Consider

                                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                              Selected References

                                                                                              1. Lee HN et al: CT findings after left renal vein division during abdominal aortic surgery. Acta Radiol. 284185120971845, 2020
                                                                                              2. Li Q et al: Diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for detecting bland thrombus from inferior vena cava tumor thrombus in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Int Braz J Urol. 46(1):92-100, 2020
                                                                                              3. El Zorkany K et al: Transplant renal vein thrombosis. Exp Clin Transplant. 15(2):123-9, 2017
                                                                                              4. Jones JA et al: Late onset of renal vein thrombosis after renal transplantation. Ultrasound Q. 30(3):228-9, 2014
                                                                                              5. Zhang LJ et al: Three-dimensional contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance venography for detection of renal vein thrombosis: comparison with multidetector CT venography. Acta Radiol. 54(10):1125-31, 2013
                                                                                              6. Yang GF et al: Thromboembolic complications in nephrotic syndrome: imaging spectrum. Acta Radiol. 53(10):1186-94, 2012
                                                                                              7. Elsaify WM: Neonatal renal vein thrombosis: grey-scale and Doppler ultrasonic features. Abdom Imaging. 34(3):413-8, 2009
                                                                                              8. Cai S et al: Evaluation of acute renal artery thrombosis or embolism with color Doppler sonography. Clin Imaging. 32(5):367-71, 2008
                                                                                              9. Asghar M et al: Renal vein thrombosis. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 34(2):217-23, 2007
                                                                                              10. Cai S et al: Color Doppler ultrasonography appearances of renal vein thrombosis and its diagnostic value. Chin Med Sci J. 22(1):17-21, 2007