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Rhabdomyolysis
Michael P. Federle, MD, FACR; Kathleen E. Jacobs, BA
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Disintegration of striated muscle after injury
              • Results in release of intracellular muscle constituents into circulation

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Demographics

                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                          • Treatment

                            Selected References

                            1. Moratalla MB et al: Importance of MRI in the diagnosis and treatment of rhabdomyolysis. Eur J Radiol. 65(2):311-5, 2008
                            2. Esnault VL et al: What is the value of Tc-99m hydroxymethylene diphosphonate scintigraphy for the etiological diagnosis of mild rhabdomyolysis? Clin Nucl Med. 32(7):519-23, 2007
                            3. Lu CH et al: Rhabdomyolysis: magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography findings. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 31(3):368-74, 2007
                            4. Huerta-Alardín AL et al: Bench-to-bedside review: Rhabdomyolysis -- an overview for clinicians. Crit Care. 9(2):158-69, 2005
                            5. Warren JD et al: Rhabdomyolysis: a review. Muscle Nerve. 25(3):332-47, 2002
                            6. Vanholder R et al: Rhabdomyolysis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 11(8):1553-61, 2000
                            7. Steeds RP et al: Sonography in the diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis. J Clin Ultrasound. 27(9):531-3, 1999
                            8. Russ PD et al: Demonstration of CT hyperdensity in patients with acute renal failure associated with rhabdomyolysis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 15(3):458-63, 1991
                            9. Kaplan GN: Ultrasonic appearance of rhabdomyolysis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 134(2):375-7, 1980
                            10. Yu JS et al: MR imaging of urgent inflammatory and infectious conditions affecting the soft tissues of the musculoskeletal system. Emerg Radiol.
                            Related Anatomy
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                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            KEY FACTS

                            • Terminology

                              • Imaging

                                • Pathology

                                  • Clinical Issues

                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                    • Definitions

                                      • Disintegration of striated muscle after injury
                                        • Results in release of intracellular muscle constituents into circulation

                                    IMAGING

                                    • General Features

                                      • CT Findings

                                        • MR Findings

                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                            PATHOLOGY

                                            • General Features

                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                              • Presentation

                                                • Demographics

                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                    • Treatment

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Moratalla MB et al: Importance of MRI in the diagnosis and treatment of rhabdomyolysis. Eur J Radiol. 65(2):311-5, 2008
                                                      2. Esnault VL et al: What is the value of Tc-99m hydroxymethylene diphosphonate scintigraphy for the etiological diagnosis of mild rhabdomyolysis? Clin Nucl Med. 32(7):519-23, 2007
                                                      3. Lu CH et al: Rhabdomyolysis: magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography findings. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 31(3):368-74, 2007
                                                      4. Huerta-Alardín AL et al: Bench-to-bedside review: Rhabdomyolysis -- an overview for clinicians. Crit Care. 9(2):158-69, 2005
                                                      5. Warren JD et al: Rhabdomyolysis: a review. Muscle Nerve. 25(3):332-47, 2002
                                                      6. Vanholder R et al: Rhabdomyolysis. J Am Soc Nephrol. 11(8):1553-61, 2000
                                                      7. Steeds RP et al: Sonography in the diagnosis of rhabdomyolysis. J Clin Ultrasound. 27(9):531-3, 1999
                                                      8. Russ PD et al: Demonstration of CT hyperdensity in patients with acute renal failure associated with rhabdomyolysis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 15(3):458-63, 1991
                                                      9. Kaplan GN: Ultrasonic appearance of rhabdomyolysis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 134(2):375-7, 1980
                                                      10. Yu JS et al: MR imaging of urgent inflammatory and infectious conditions affecting the soft tissues of the musculoskeletal system. Emerg Radiol.