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Rhabdomyoma
Ryan A. Moore, MD; Paula J. Woodward, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Congenital cardiac hamartoma composed of abnormal myocytes

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • Echocardiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Ying L et al: Primary cardiac tumors in children: a center's experience. J Cardiothorac Surg. 11(1):52, 2016
                                        2. Sciacca P et al: Rhabdomyomas and tuberous sclerosis complex: our experience in 33 cases. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 14:66, 2014
                                        3. Tao TY et al: Pediatric cardiac tumors: clinical and imaging features. Radiographics. 34(4):1031-46, 2014
                                        4. Beroukhim RS et al: Characterization of cardiac tumors in children by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging a multicenter experience. J Am Coll Cardiol. 58(10):1044-54, 2011
                                        5. Miyake CY et al: Cardiac tumors and associated arrhythmias in pediatric patients, with observations on surgical therapy for ventricular tachycardia. J Am Coll Cardiol. 58(18):1903-9, 2011
                                        6. Tiberio D et al: Regression of a cardiac rhabdomyoma in a patient receiving everolimus. Pediatrics. 127(5):e1335-7, 2011
                                        7. Jain D et al: Benign cardiac tumors and tumorlike conditions. Ann Diagn Pathol. 14(3):215-30, 2010
                                        8. Yinon Y et al: Fetal cardiac tumors: a single-center experience of 40 cases. Prenat Diagn. 30(10):941-9, 2010
                                        9. Burke A et al: Pediatric heart tumors. Cardiovasc Pathol. 17(4):193-8, 2008
                                        10. Syed IS et al: MR imaging of cardiac masses. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 16(2):137-64, vii, 2008
                                        11. Kellenberger CJ et al: Cardiovascular MR imaging in neonates and infants with congenital heart disease. Radiographics. 27(1):5-18, 2007
                                        12. Sparrow PJ et al: MR imaging of cardiac tumors. Radiographics. 25(5):1255-76, 2005
                                        13. Kiaffas MG et al: Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of cardiac tumor characteristics in infants and children. Am J Cardiol. 89(10):1229-33, 2002
                                        14. Grebenc ML et al: Primary cardiac and pericardial neoplasms: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 20(4):1073-103; quiz 1110-1, 1112, 2000
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Congenital cardiac hamartoma composed of abnormal myocytes

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • Radiographic Findings

                                                    • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                  • Microscopic Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Ying L et al: Primary cardiac tumors in children: a center's experience. J Cardiothorac Surg. 11(1):52, 2016
                                                                              2. Sciacca P et al: Rhabdomyomas and tuberous sclerosis complex: our experience in 33 cases. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 14:66, 2014
                                                                              3. Tao TY et al: Pediatric cardiac tumors: clinical and imaging features. Radiographics. 34(4):1031-46, 2014
                                                                              4. Beroukhim RS et al: Characterization of cardiac tumors in children by cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging a multicenter experience. J Am Coll Cardiol. 58(10):1044-54, 2011
                                                                              5. Miyake CY et al: Cardiac tumors and associated arrhythmias in pediatric patients, with observations on surgical therapy for ventricular tachycardia. J Am Coll Cardiol. 58(18):1903-9, 2011
                                                                              6. Tiberio D et al: Regression of a cardiac rhabdomyoma in a patient receiving everolimus. Pediatrics. 127(5):e1335-7, 2011
                                                                              7. Jain D et al: Benign cardiac tumors and tumorlike conditions. Ann Diagn Pathol. 14(3):215-30, 2010
                                                                              8. Yinon Y et al: Fetal cardiac tumors: a single-center experience of 40 cases. Prenat Diagn. 30(10):941-9, 2010
                                                                              9. Burke A et al: Pediatric heart tumors. Cardiovasc Pathol. 17(4):193-8, 2008
                                                                              10. Syed IS et al: MR imaging of cardiac masses. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 16(2):137-64, vii, 2008
                                                                              11. Kellenberger CJ et al: Cardiovascular MR imaging in neonates and infants with congenital heart disease. Radiographics. 27(1):5-18, 2007
                                                                              12. Sparrow PJ et al: MR imaging of cardiac tumors. Radiographics. 25(5):1255-76, 2005
                                                                              13. Kiaffas MG et al: Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of cardiac tumor characteristics in infants and children. Am J Cardiol. 89(10):1229-33, 2002
                                                                              14. Grebenc ML et al: Primary cardiac and pericardial neoplasms: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 20(4):1073-103; quiz 1110-1, 1112, 2000