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Rhabdomyoma
Michael D. Puchalski, MD; Whitnee Hogan, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Congenital, cardiac hamartoma composed of abnormal myocytes

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                      • Microscopic Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Consider

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Okmen F et al: Outcomes of antenatally diagnosed fetal cardiac tumors: a 10-year experience at a single tertiary referral center. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 1-6, 2020
                                    2. Altmann J et al: Clinical outcome of prenatally suspected cardiac rhabdomyomas of the fetus. J Perinat Med. 48(1):74-81, 2019
                                    3. Barnes BT et al: Maternal Sirolimus therapy for fetal cardiac rhabdomyomas. N Engl J Med. 378(19):1844-5, 2018
                                    4. Randle SC: Tuberous sclerosis complex: a review. Pediatr Ann. 46(4):e166-71, 2017
                                    5. Choudhry S et al: Rapid resolution of cardiac rhabdomyomas following everolimus therapy. BMJ Case Rep, 2015
                                    6. Hoshal SG et al: Regression of massive cardiac rhabdomyoma on everolimus therapy. Pediatr Int. ePub, 2015
                                    7. Wacker-Gussmann A et al: Fetal arrhythmias associated with cardiac rhabdomyomas. Heart Rhythm. 11(4):677-83, 2014
                                    8. Lee KA et al: Molecular genetic, cardiac and neurodevelopmental findings in cases of prenatally diagnosed rhabdomyoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 41(3):306-11, 2013
                                    9. Yinon Y et al: Fetal cardiac tumors: a single-center experience of 40 cases. Prenat Diagn. 30(10):941-9, 2010
                                    10. Isaacs H: Perinatal (fetal and neonatal) tuberous sclerosis: a review. Am J Perinatol. 26(10):755-60, 2009
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Pathology

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Definitions

                                                • Congenital, cardiac hamartoma composed of abnormal myocytes

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Presentation

                                                            • Demographics

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                  • Consider

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Okmen F et al: Outcomes of antenatally diagnosed fetal cardiac tumors: a 10-year experience at a single tertiary referral center. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 1-6, 2020
                                                                      2. Altmann J et al: Clinical outcome of prenatally suspected cardiac rhabdomyomas of the fetus. J Perinat Med. 48(1):74-81, 2019
                                                                      3. Barnes BT et al: Maternal Sirolimus therapy for fetal cardiac rhabdomyomas. N Engl J Med. 378(19):1844-5, 2018
                                                                      4. Randle SC: Tuberous sclerosis complex: a review. Pediatr Ann. 46(4):e166-71, 2017
                                                                      5. Choudhry S et al: Rapid resolution of cardiac rhabdomyomas following everolimus therapy. BMJ Case Rep, 2015
                                                                      6. Hoshal SG et al: Regression of massive cardiac rhabdomyoma on everolimus therapy. Pediatr Int. ePub, 2015
                                                                      7. Wacker-Gussmann A et al: Fetal arrhythmias associated with cardiac rhabdomyomas. Heart Rhythm. 11(4):677-83, 2014
                                                                      8. Lee KA et al: Molecular genetic, cardiac and neurodevelopmental findings in cases of prenatally diagnosed rhabdomyoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 41(3):306-11, 2013
                                                                      9. Yinon Y et al: Fetal cardiac tumors: a single-center experience of 40 cases. Prenat Diagn. 30(10):941-9, 2010
                                                                      10. Isaacs H: Perinatal (fetal and neonatal) tuberous sclerosis: a review. Am J Perinatol. 26(10):755-60, 2009