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Rhabdomyoma
Phillip Young, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Cardiac hamartoma
          • Definitions

            • Hamartoma of developing cardiac myocytes
              • Most common primary benign cardiac tumor in pediatric patients, highly associated with tuberous sclerosis
                • 50% of patients with rhabdomyoma have tuberous sclerosis

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        • Reporting Tips

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Lee E et al: Primary cardiac tumors associated with genetic syndromes: a comprehensive review. Pediatr Radiol. 48(2):156-64, 2018
                                          2. Maleszewski JJ et al: Neoplasia and the heart: pathological review of effects with clinical and radiological correlation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 72(2):202-27, 2018
                                          3. Burt J et al: Myocardial fatty foci in tuberous sclerosis complex: imaging findings. Cureus. 8(7):e693, 2016
                                          4. Ghadimi Mahani M et al: MRI of pediatric cardiac masses. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(5):971-81, 2014
                                          5. Vieira C et al: Cardiac fibro-fatty masses in tuberous sclerosis: role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 14(6):604, 2013
                                          6. Bakan S et al: Asymptomatic fatty changes in the myocardium of a patient with tuberous sclerosis. Pediatr Cardiol. 32(8):1216-8, 2011
                                          7. Rajiah P et al: Ultrasound of fetal cardiac anomalies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(4):W747-60, 2011
                                          8. Adriaensen ME et al: Fatty foci in the myocardium in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex: common finding at CT. Radiology. 253(2):359-63, 2009
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Cardiac hamartoma
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Hamartoma of developing cardiac myocytes
                                                      • Most common primary benign cardiac tumor in pediatric patients, highly associated with tuberous sclerosis
                                                        • 50% of patients with rhabdomyoma have tuberous sclerosis

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • CT Findings

                                                      • MR Findings

                                                        • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                • Reporting Tips

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Lee E et al: Primary cardiac tumors associated with genetic syndromes: a comprehensive review. Pediatr Radiol. 48(2):156-64, 2018
                                                                                  2. Maleszewski JJ et al: Neoplasia and the heart: pathological review of effects with clinical and radiological correlation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 72(2):202-27, 2018
                                                                                  3. Burt J et al: Myocardial fatty foci in tuberous sclerosis complex: imaging findings. Cureus. 8(7):e693, 2016
                                                                                  4. Ghadimi Mahani M et al: MRI of pediatric cardiac masses. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 202(5):971-81, 2014
                                                                                  5. Vieira C et al: Cardiac fibro-fatty masses in tuberous sclerosis: role of cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging. 14(6):604, 2013
                                                                                  6. Bakan S et al: Asymptomatic fatty changes in the myocardium of a patient with tuberous sclerosis. Pediatr Cardiol. 32(8):1216-8, 2011
                                                                                  7. Rajiah P et al: Ultrasound of fetal cardiac anomalies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(4):W747-60, 2011
                                                                                  8. Adriaensen ME et al: Fatty foci in the myocardium in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex: common finding at CT. Radiology. 253(2):359-63, 2009