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Rhabdomyoma
Michael D. Puchalski, MD; Thomas A. Miller, DO
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Congenital, cardiac hamartoma composed of abnormal myocytes

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                      • Microscopic Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Consider

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Lefort B et al: Unusual outcome of a right ventricular rhabdomyoma in an infant. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. ePub, 2016
                                    2. Choudhry S et al: Rapid resolution of cardiac rhabdomyomas following everolimus therapy. BMJ Case Rep. 2015, 2015
                                    3. Hoshal SG et al: Regression of massive cardiac rhabdomyoma on everolimus therapy. Pediatr Int. ePub, 2015
                                    4. Wacker-Gussmann A et al: Fetal arrhythmias associated with cardiac rhabdomyomas. Heart Rhythm. 11(4):677-83, 2014
                                    5. Lee KA et al: Molecular genetic, cardiac and neurodevelopmental findings in cases of prenatally diagnosed rhabdomyoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 41(3):306-11, 2013
                                    6. Miyake CY et al: Cardiac tumors and associated arrhythmias in pediatric patients, with observations on surgical therapy for ventricular tachycardia. J Am Coll Cardiol. 58(18):1903-9, 2011
                                    7. Yinon Y et al: Fetal cardiac tumors: a single-center experience of 40 cases. Prenat Diagn. 30(10):941-9, 2010
                                    8. Isaacs H: Perinatal (fetal and neonatal) tuberous sclerosis: a review. Am J Perinatol. 26(10):755-60, 2009
                                    9. Burke A, Virmani R. Pediatric heart tumors. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2008 Jul-Aug;17(4):193-8.
                                    10. Chao AS et al: Outcome of antenatally diagnosed cardiac rhabdomyoma: case series and a meta-analysis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 31(3):289-95, 2008
                                    11. Isaacs H Jr: Fetal and neonatal cardiac tumors. Pediatr Cardiol. 25(3):252-73, 2004
                                    12. Zhou QC et al: Prenatal echocardiographic differential diagnosis of fetal cardiac tumors. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 23(2):165-71, 2004
                                    13. Paladini D et al: Prenatal ultrasonographic findings of a cardiac myxoma. Obstet Gynecol. 102(5 Pt 2):1174-6, 2003
                                    14. D'Addario V et al: Prenatal diagnosis and postnatal outcome of cardiac rhabdomyomas. J Perinat Med. 30(2):170-5, 2002
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Pathology

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Definitions

                                                • Congenital, cardiac hamartoma composed of abnormal myocytes

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Presentation

                                                            • Demographics

                                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                • Treatment

                                                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                  • Consider

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Lefort B et al: Unusual outcome of a right ventricular rhabdomyoma in an infant. World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg. ePub, 2016
                                                                      2. Choudhry S et al: Rapid resolution of cardiac rhabdomyomas following everolimus therapy. BMJ Case Rep. 2015, 2015
                                                                      3. Hoshal SG et al: Regression of massive cardiac rhabdomyoma on everolimus therapy. Pediatr Int. ePub, 2015
                                                                      4. Wacker-Gussmann A et al: Fetal arrhythmias associated with cardiac rhabdomyomas. Heart Rhythm. 11(4):677-83, 2014
                                                                      5. Lee KA et al: Molecular genetic, cardiac and neurodevelopmental findings in cases of prenatally diagnosed rhabdomyoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 41(3):306-11, 2013
                                                                      6. Miyake CY et al: Cardiac tumors and associated arrhythmias in pediatric patients, with observations on surgical therapy for ventricular tachycardia. J Am Coll Cardiol. 58(18):1903-9, 2011
                                                                      7. Yinon Y et al: Fetal cardiac tumors: a single-center experience of 40 cases. Prenat Diagn. 30(10):941-9, 2010
                                                                      8. Isaacs H: Perinatal (fetal and neonatal) tuberous sclerosis: a review. Am J Perinatol. 26(10):755-60, 2009
                                                                      9. Burke A, Virmani R. Pediatric heart tumors. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2008 Jul-Aug;17(4):193-8.
                                                                      10. Chao AS et al: Outcome of antenatally diagnosed cardiac rhabdomyoma: case series and a meta-analysis. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 31(3):289-95, 2008
                                                                      11. Isaacs H Jr: Fetal and neonatal cardiac tumors. Pediatr Cardiol. 25(3):252-73, 2004
                                                                      12. Zhou QC et al: Prenatal echocardiographic differential diagnosis of fetal cardiac tumors. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 23(2):165-71, 2004
                                                                      13. Paladini D et al: Prenatal ultrasonographic findings of a cardiac myxoma. Obstet Gynecol. 102(5 Pt 2):1174-6, 2003
                                                                      14. D'Addario V et al: Prenatal diagnosis and postnatal outcome of cardiac rhabdomyomas. J Perinat Med. 30(2):170-5, 2002