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Rocker-Bottom Foot
Roya Sohaey, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Rocker-bottom foot (RF)
              • Synonyms

                • Congenital vertical talus
                • Congenital convex pes valgus
                • Rocker-bottom flat foot
              • Definitions

                • Hindfoot equinus and valgus
                  • Associated midfoot dorsiflexion´╗┐
                  • Dorsal dislocation of navicular on head of talus
                  • Forefoot abduction
                • Rare rigid flat-foot disorder

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Demographics

                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                            • Treatment

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Consider

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Miller M et al: Congenital vertical talus: Etiology and management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 23(10):604-11, 2015
                                  2. Rice KJ et al: Diagnosis of fetal limb abnormalities before 15 weeks: cause for concern. J Ultrasound Med. 30(7):1009-19, 2011
                                  3. McKie J et al: Congenital vertical talus: a review. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 27(1):145-56, 2010
                                  4. Levinsohn EM et al: Congenital vertical talus in four generations of the same family. Skeletal Radiol. 33(11):649-54, 2004
                                  5. Lembet A et al: Prenatal diagnosis of multiple pterygium syndrome associated with Klinefelter syndrome. Prenat Diagn. 23(9):728-30, 2003
                                  6. Bakalis S et al: Outcome of antenatally diagnosed talipes equinovarus in an unselected obstetric population. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 20(3):226-9, 2002
                                  7. Malone FD et al: Isolated clubfoot diagnosed prenatally: is karyotyping indicated? Obstet Gynecol. 95(3):437-40, 2000
                                  8. Duncan RD et al: Congenital convex pes valgus. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 81(2):250-4, 1999
                                  9. Shipp TD et al: The significance of prenatally identified isolated clubfoot: is amniocentesis indicated? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 178(3):600-2, 1998
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        • Pathology

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Abbreviations

                                                • Rocker-bottom foot (RF)
                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Congenital vertical talus
                                                • Congenital convex pes valgus
                                                • Rocker-bottom flat foot
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Hindfoot equinus and valgus
                                                  • Associated midfoot dorsiflexion´╗┐
                                                  • Dorsal dislocation of navicular on head of talus
                                                  • Forefoot abduction
                                                • Rare rigid flat-foot disorder

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                      • General Features

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Demographics

                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                              • Consider

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Miller M et al: Congenital vertical talus: Etiology and management. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 23(10):604-11, 2015
                                                                  2. Rice KJ et al: Diagnosis of fetal limb abnormalities before 15 weeks: cause for concern. J Ultrasound Med. 30(7):1009-19, 2011
                                                                  3. McKie J et al: Congenital vertical talus: a review. Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 27(1):145-56, 2010
                                                                  4. Levinsohn EM et al: Congenital vertical talus in four generations of the same family. Skeletal Radiol. 33(11):649-54, 2004
                                                                  5. Lembet A et al: Prenatal diagnosis of multiple pterygium syndrome associated with Klinefelter syndrome. Prenat Diagn. 23(9):728-30, 2003
                                                                  6. Bakalis S et al: Outcome of antenatally diagnosed talipes equinovarus in an unselected obstetric population. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 20(3):226-9, 2002
                                                                  7. Malone FD et al: Isolated clubfoot diagnosed prenatally: is karyotyping indicated? Obstet Gynecol. 95(3):437-40, 2000
                                                                  8. Duncan RD et al: Congenital convex pes valgus. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 81(2):250-4, 1999
                                                                  9. Shipp TD et al: The significance of prenatally identified isolated clubfoot: is amniocentesis indicated? Am J Obstet Gynecol. 178(3):600-2, 1998