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Sarcoidosis
Sonia L. Betancourt Cuellar, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Sarcoid
              • Definitions

                • Systemic chronic granulomatous disease characterized by noncaseating granulomas in multiple organs
                • Lung, hilum, and mediastinum affected in > 90% of patients
                  • Greatest morbidity/mortality from thoracic involvement
                  • Chronic lung disease in 20% of affected patients

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          • Reporting Tips

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Tavana S et al: Pulmonary and extra-pulmonary manifestations of sarcoidosis. Niger Med J. 56(4):258-62, 2015
                                            2. Al-Jahdali H et al: Atypical radiological manifestations of thoracic sarcoidosis: a review and pictorial essay. Ann Thorac Med. 8(4):186-96, 2013
                                            3. Nunes H et al: Imaging of sarcoidosis of the airways and lung parenchyma and correlation with lung function. Eur Respir J. 40(3):750-65, 2012
                                            4. Hawtin KE et al: Pulmonary sarcoidosis: the 'Great Pretender'. Clin Radiol. 65(8):642-50, 2010
                                            Related Anatomy
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                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Sarcoid
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Systemic chronic granulomatous disease characterized by noncaseating granulomas in multiple organs
                                                          • Lung, hilum, and mediastinum affected in > 90% of patients
                                                            • Greatest morbidity/mortality from thoracic involvement
                                                            • Chronic lung disease in 20% of affected patients

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                    • Reporting Tips

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Tavana S et al: Pulmonary and extra-pulmonary manifestations of sarcoidosis. Niger Med J. 56(4):258-62, 2015
                                                                                      2. Al-Jahdali H et al: Atypical radiological manifestations of thoracic sarcoidosis: a review and pictorial essay. Ann Thorac Med. 8(4):186-96, 2013
                                                                                      3. Nunes H et al: Imaging of sarcoidosis of the airways and lung parenchyma and correlation with lung function. Eur Respir J. 40(3):750-65, 2012
                                                                                      4. Hawtin KE et al: Pulmonary sarcoidosis: the 'Great Pretender'. Clin Radiol. 65(8):642-50, 2010