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Sarcomas
Jessica W. T. Leung, MD; Wei Tse Yang, MBBS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Angiosarcoma (AS)
              • Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH)
            • Definitions

              • Malignant mesenchymal neoplasms arising from connective tissue elements of breast, including AS, MFH, pleomorphic spindle cell sarcoma, liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, and MFH

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                      • Microscopic Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                            • Treatment

                              Selected References

                              1. Duncan MA et al: Sarcomas of the breast. Surg Clin North Am. 98(4):869-876, 2018
                              2. Feinberg L et al: Impact of specialist management on survival from radiation-associated angiosarcoma of the breast. Br J Surg. 105(4):401-409, 2018
                              3. Hatta N et al: Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma in a patient with Cowden syndrome after radiotherapy for breast cancer. J Dermatol. ePub, 2018
                              4. Kunkiel M et al: Primary angiosarcoma of the breast-series of 11 consecutive cases-a single-centre experience. Curr Oncol. 25(1):e50-e53, 2018
                              5. Salminen SH et al: Radiation-associated sarcoma after breast cancer in a nationwide population: Increasing risk of angiosarcoma. Cancer Med. ePub, 2018
                              6. Whorms DS et al: Mesenchymal Lesions of the Breast: What Radiologists Need to Know. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 211(1):224-233, 2018
                              7. Singh G et al: Primary Leiomyosarcoma of Breast Presenting with Metastasis: An Atypical Presentation with Dismal Prognosis. Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol. 38(4):535-537, 2017
                              8. Holm M et al: Primary breast sarcoma: A retrospective study over 35 years from a single institution. Acta Oncol. 55(5):584-90, 2016
                              9. Lim SZ et al: Sarcoma of the breast: an update on a rare entity. J Clin Pathol. 69(5):373-81, 2016
                              10. Yin M et al: Primary female breast sarcoma: clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis. Sci Rep. 6:31497, 2016
                              11. Chikarmane SA et al: MRI findings of radiation-associated angiosarcoma of the breast (RAS). J Magn Reson Imaging. 42(3):763-70, 2015
                              12. Wang F et al: Comparison of the clinical and prognostic features of primary breast sarcomas and malignant phyllodes tumor. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 45(2):146-52, 2015
                              13. Smith TB et al: Imaging features of primary breast sarcoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 198(4):W386-93, 2012
                              14. Tan H et al: Imaging findings in phyllodes tumors of the breast. Eur J Radiol. 81(1):e62-9, 2012
                              15. Surov A et al: Primary breast sarcoma: prevalence, clinical signs, and radiological features. Acta Radiol. 52(6):597-601, 2011
                              16. SantamarĂ­a G et al: Radiologic and pathologic findings in breast tumors with high signal intensity on T2-weighted MR images. Radiographics. 30(2):533-48, 2010
                              17. Glazebrook KN et al: Angiosarcoma of the breast. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 190(2):533-8, 2008
                              18. Lvoff NM et al: Case of the season: primary angiosarcoma of the breast: correlative imaging and pathology. Semin Roentgenol. 42(4):208-10, 2007
                              19. Yang WT et al: Imaging differences in metaplastic and invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(6):1288-93, 2007
                              20. Yang WT et al: Mammary angiosarcomas: imaging findings in 24 patients. Radiology. 242(3):725-34, 2007
                              21. Adem C et al: Primary breast sarcoma: clinicopathologic series from the Mayo Clinic and review of the literature. Br J Cancer. 91(2):237-41, 2004
                              22. Barrow BJ et al: Role of radiotherapy in sarcoma of the breast--a retrospective review of the M.D. Anderson experience. Radiother Oncol. 52(2):173-8, 1999
                              23. Gutman H et al: Sarcoma of the breast: implications for extent of therapy. The M. D. Anderson experience. Surgery. 116(3):505-9, 1994
                              Related Anatomy
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                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              KEY FACTS

                              • Terminology

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Clinical Issues

                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Abbreviations

                                          • Angiosarcoma (AS)
                                          • Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH)
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Malignant mesenchymal neoplasms arising from connective tissue elements of breast, including AS, MFH, pleomorphic spindle cell sarcoma, liposarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, and MFH

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                              PATHOLOGY

                                              • General Features

                                                • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                  • Microscopic Features

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Presentation

                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          Selected References

                                                          1. Duncan MA et al: Sarcomas of the breast. Surg Clin North Am. 98(4):869-876, 2018
                                                          2. Feinberg L et al: Impact of specialist management on survival from radiation-associated angiosarcoma of the breast. Br J Surg. 105(4):401-409, 2018
                                                          3. Hatta N et al: Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma in a patient with Cowden syndrome after radiotherapy for breast cancer. J Dermatol. ePub, 2018
                                                          4. Kunkiel M et al: Primary angiosarcoma of the breast-series of 11 consecutive cases-a single-centre experience. Curr Oncol. 25(1):e50-e53, 2018
                                                          5. Salminen SH et al: Radiation-associated sarcoma after breast cancer in a nationwide population: Increasing risk of angiosarcoma. Cancer Med. ePub, 2018
                                                          6. Whorms DS et al: Mesenchymal Lesions of the Breast: What Radiologists Need to Know. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 211(1):224-233, 2018
                                                          7. Singh G et al: Primary Leiomyosarcoma of Breast Presenting with Metastasis: An Atypical Presentation with Dismal Prognosis. Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol. 38(4):535-537, 2017
                                                          8. Holm M et al: Primary breast sarcoma: A retrospective study over 35 years from a single institution. Acta Oncol. 55(5):584-90, 2016
                                                          9. Lim SZ et al: Sarcoma of the breast: an update on a rare entity. J Clin Pathol. 69(5):373-81, 2016
                                                          10. Yin M et al: Primary female breast sarcoma: clinicopathological features, treatment and prognosis. Sci Rep. 6:31497, 2016
                                                          11. Chikarmane SA et al: MRI findings of radiation-associated angiosarcoma of the breast (RAS). J Magn Reson Imaging. 42(3):763-70, 2015
                                                          12. Wang F et al: Comparison of the clinical and prognostic features of primary breast sarcomas and malignant phyllodes tumor. Jpn J Clin Oncol. 45(2):146-52, 2015
                                                          13. Smith TB et al: Imaging features of primary breast sarcoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 198(4):W386-93, 2012
                                                          14. Tan H et al: Imaging findings in phyllodes tumors of the breast. Eur J Radiol. 81(1):e62-9, 2012
                                                          15. Surov A et al: Primary breast sarcoma: prevalence, clinical signs, and radiological features. Acta Radiol. 52(6):597-601, 2011
                                                          16. SantamarĂ­a G et al: Radiologic and pathologic findings in breast tumors with high signal intensity on T2-weighted MR images. Radiographics. 30(2):533-48, 2010
                                                          17. Glazebrook KN et al: Angiosarcoma of the breast. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 190(2):533-8, 2008
                                                          18. Lvoff NM et al: Case of the season: primary angiosarcoma of the breast: correlative imaging and pathology. Semin Roentgenol. 42(4):208-10, 2007
                                                          19. Yang WT et al: Imaging differences in metaplastic and invasive ductal carcinomas of the breast. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(6):1288-93, 2007
                                                          20. Yang WT et al: Mammary angiosarcomas: imaging findings in 24 patients. Radiology. 242(3):725-34, 2007
                                                          21. Adem C et al: Primary breast sarcoma: clinicopathologic series from the Mayo Clinic and review of the literature. Br J Cancer. 91(2):237-41, 2004
                                                          22. Barrow BJ et al: Role of radiotherapy in sarcoma of the breast--a retrospective review of the M.D. Anderson experience. Radiother Oncol. 52(2):173-8, 1999
                                                          23. Gutman H et al: Sarcoma of the breast: implications for extent of therapy. The M. D. Anderson experience. Surgery. 116(3):505-9, 1994