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Schistosomiasis
Carlos S. Restrepo, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)
              • Synonyms

                • Bilharziasis
                • Katayama fever (acute schistosomiasis)
              • Definitions

                • Tropical parasitic disease caused by trematode fluke worms of genus Schistosoma
                  • Two main clinical forms: Genitourinary, gastrointestinal
                • Three main schistosomes infect humans
                  • S. mansoni: Africa, Arabian peninsula, South America
                  • S. haematobium: Africa, Eastern Mediterranean region, and Arabian peninsula
                  • S. japonicum: China, Philippines, and Indonesia

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Nepal P et al: Multisystem imaging review of human schistosomiasis: characteristic imaging findings. Clin Imaging. 54:163-71, 2019
                                          2. Colley DG et al: Human schistosomiasis. Lancet. 383(9936):2253-64, 2014
                                          3. Baharoon S et al: Acute pulmonary schistosomiasis. J Glob Infect Dis. 3(3):293-5, 2011
                                          4. Hovnanian A et al: Schistosomiasis associated pulmonary hypertension. Int J Clin Pract Suppl. 25-8, 2010
                                          5. T N et al: Pulmonary schistosomiasis - imaging features. J Radiol Case Rep. 4(9):37-43, 2010
                                          6. Ferreira RC et al: Prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in patients with schistosomal liver fibrosis. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 103(2):129-43, 2009
                                          7. Nguyen LQ et al: Acute schistosomiasis in nonimmune travelers: chest CT findings in 10 patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 186(5):1300-3, 2006
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Abbreviations

                                                        • Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH)
                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Bilharziasis
                                                        • Katayama fever (acute schistosomiasis)
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Tropical parasitic disease caused by trematode fluke worms of genus Schistosoma
                                                          • Two main clinical forms: Genitourinary, gastrointestinal
                                                        • Three main schistosomes infect humans
                                                          • S. mansoni: Africa, Arabian peninsula, South America
                                                          • S. haematobium: Africa, Eastern Mediterranean region, and Arabian peninsula
                                                          • S. japonicum: China, Philippines, and Indonesia

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Radiographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Nepal P et al: Multisystem imaging review of human schistosomiasis: characteristic imaging findings. Clin Imaging. 54:163-71, 2019
                                                                                  2. Colley DG et al: Human schistosomiasis. Lancet. 383(9936):2253-64, 2014
                                                                                  3. Baharoon S et al: Acute pulmonary schistosomiasis. J Glob Infect Dis. 3(3):293-5, 2011
                                                                                  4. Hovnanian A et al: Schistosomiasis associated pulmonary hypertension. Int J Clin Pract Suppl. 25-8, 2010
                                                                                  5. T N et al: Pulmonary schistosomiasis - imaging features. J Radiol Case Rep. 4(9):37-43, 2010
                                                                                  6. Ferreira RC et al: Prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in patients with schistosomal liver fibrosis. Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 103(2):129-43, 2009
                                                                                  7. Nguyen LQ et al: Acute schistosomiasis in nonimmune travelers: chest CT findings in 10 patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 186(5):1300-3, 2006