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Sclerosing Stromal Tumor
Akram M. Shaaban, MBBCh; Evis Sala, MD, PhD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Sclerosing stromal tumor (SST)
          • Definitions

            • Classified as benign pure stromal tumor

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • FDG PET CT

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Jiang MJ et al: Ovarian sex cord stromal tumours: analysis of the clinical and sonographic characteristics of different histopathologic subtypes. J Ovarian Res. 14(1):53, 2021
                                          2. Taylor EC et al: Multimodality imaging approach to ovarian neoplasms with pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 41(1):289-315, 2021
                                          3. Matsutani H et al: Diversity of imaging features of ovarian sclerosing stromal tumors on MRI and PET-CT: a case report and literature review. J Ovarian Res. 11(1):101, 2018
                                          4. Park SM et al: A sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary with masculinization in a premenarchal girl. Korean J Pediatr. 54(5):224-7, 2011
                                          5. Chang YW et al: Bilateral sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary in a premenarchal girl. Pediatr Radiol. 39(7):731-4, 2009
                                          6. Wada H et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary with atypical magnetic resonance imaging findings in a middle-aged woman. Jpn J Radiol. 27(6):247-51, 2009
                                          7. Jung SE et al: CT and MRI findings of sex cord-stromal tumor of the ovary. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 185(1):207-15, 2005
                                          8. Calabrese M et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary in pregnancy: clinical, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Acta Radiol. 45(2):189-92, 2004
                                          9. Deval B et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: color Doppler findings. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 22(5):531-4, 2003
                                          10. Fefferman NR et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary in a premenarchal female. Pediatr Radiol. 33(1):56-8, 2003
                                          11. Kim JY et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: MR-pathologic correlation in three cases. Korean J Radiol. 4(3):194-9, 2003
                                          12. Kuscu E et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: a case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 24(5):442-4, 2003
                                          13. Mikami M et al: Magnetic resonance imaging in sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 83(3):319-21, 2003
                                          14. Yerli H et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary with torsion. MRI features. Acta Radiol. 44(6):612-5, 2003
                                          15. Torricelli P et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: US, CT, and MRI findings. Abdom Imaging. 27(5):588-91, 2002
                                          16. Joja I et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: US, MR, and dynamic MR findings. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 25(2):201-6, 2001
                                          17. Ihara N et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: MRI. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 23(4):555-7, 1999
                                          18. Matsubayashi R et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: radiologic findings. Eur Radiol. 9(7):1335-8, 1999
                                          19. Duska LR et al: Masculinizing sclerosing stromal cell tumor in pregnancy: report of a case and review of the literature. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 19(5):441-3, 1998
                                          20. Kim SH et al: CT and MR findings of Krukenberg tumors: comparison with primary ovarian tumors. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 20(3):393-8, 1996
                                          21. Ha HK et al: Krukenberg's tumor of the ovary: MR imaging features. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 164(6):1435-9, 1995
                                          22. Hamper UM et al: Transvaginal color Doppler sonography of adnexal masses: differences in blood flow impedance in benign and malignant lesions. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 160(6):1225-8, 1993
                                          23. Kawamura N et al: Sclerosing stromal tumour of the ovary. Br J Radiol. 60(718):1031-3, 1987
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Abbreviations

                                                    • Sclerosing stromal tumor (SST)
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Classified as benign pure stromal tumor

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • CT Findings

                                                      • MR Findings

                                                        • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                          • FDG PET CT

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Jiang MJ et al: Ovarian sex cord stromal tumours: analysis of the clinical and sonographic characteristics of different histopathologic subtypes. J Ovarian Res. 14(1):53, 2021
                                                                                  2. Taylor EC et al: Multimodality imaging approach to ovarian neoplasms with pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 41(1):289-315, 2021
                                                                                  3. Matsutani H et al: Diversity of imaging features of ovarian sclerosing stromal tumors on MRI and PET-CT: a case report and literature review. J Ovarian Res. 11(1):101, 2018
                                                                                  4. Park SM et al: A sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary with masculinization in a premenarchal girl. Korean J Pediatr. 54(5):224-7, 2011
                                                                                  5. Chang YW et al: Bilateral sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary in a premenarchal girl. Pediatr Radiol. 39(7):731-4, 2009
                                                                                  6. Wada H et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary with atypical magnetic resonance imaging findings in a middle-aged woman. Jpn J Radiol. 27(6):247-51, 2009
                                                                                  7. Jung SE et al: CT and MRI findings of sex cord-stromal tumor of the ovary. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 185(1):207-15, 2005
                                                                                  8. Calabrese M et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary in pregnancy: clinical, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Acta Radiol. 45(2):189-92, 2004
                                                                                  9. Deval B et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: color Doppler findings. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 22(5):531-4, 2003
                                                                                  10. Fefferman NR et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary in a premenarchal female. Pediatr Radiol. 33(1):56-8, 2003
                                                                                  11. Kim JY et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: MR-pathologic correlation in three cases. Korean J Radiol. 4(3):194-9, 2003
                                                                                  12. Kuscu E et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: a case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 24(5):442-4, 2003
                                                                                  13. Mikami M et al: Magnetic resonance imaging in sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 83(3):319-21, 2003
                                                                                  14. Yerli H et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary with torsion. MRI features. Acta Radiol. 44(6):612-5, 2003
                                                                                  15. Torricelli P et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: US, CT, and MRI findings. Abdom Imaging. 27(5):588-91, 2002
                                                                                  16. Joja I et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: US, MR, and dynamic MR findings. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 25(2):201-6, 2001
                                                                                  17. Ihara N et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: MRI. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 23(4):555-7, 1999
                                                                                  18. Matsubayashi R et al: Sclerosing stromal tumor of the ovary: radiologic findings. Eur Radiol. 9(7):1335-8, 1999
                                                                                  19. Duska LR et al: Masculinizing sclerosing stromal cell tumor in pregnancy: report of a case and review of the literature. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 19(5):441-3, 1998
                                                                                  20. Kim SH et al: CT and MR findings of Krukenberg tumors: comparison with primary ovarian tumors. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 20(3):393-8, 1996
                                                                                  21. Ha HK et al: Krukenberg's tumor of the ovary: MR imaging features. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 164(6):1435-9, 1995
                                                                                  22. Hamper UM et al: Transvaginal color Doppler sonography of adnexal masses: differences in blood flow impedance in benign and malignant lesions. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 160(6):1225-8, 1993
                                                                                  23. Kawamura N et al: Sclerosing stromal tumour of the ovary. Br J Radiol. 60(718):1031-3, 1987