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Sensorimotor Network
Jeffrey S. Anderson, MD, PhD; Lubdha M. Shah, MD
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TERMINOLOGY

  • Abbreviations

    • Primary motor cortex (PMC)
    • Premotor cortex area (PMA)
    • Supplementary motor area (SMA)
    • Deep gray nuclei [basal ganglia (BG), red nucleus, subthalamic nucleus, brainstem]

IMAGING ANATOMY

  • Overview

    • Anatomy Relationships

      • Histology

        ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

        • Imaging Recommendations

          • Imaging Pitfalls

            CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

            • Clinical Importance

              • Development

                • Functional Imaging Tasks

                  Selected References

                  1. Wongsripuemtet J et al: Preoperative mapping of the supplementary motor area in patients with brain tumor using resting-state fMRI with seed-based analysis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 39(8):1493-8, 2018
                  2. Yahyavi-Firouz-Abadi N et al: Presurgical brain mapping of the ventral somatomotor network in patients with brain tumors using resting-state fMRI. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 38(5):1006-12, 2017
                  3. Hou BL et al: Quantitative comparisons on hand motor functional areas determined by resting state and task BOLD fMRI and anatomical MRI for pre-surgical planning of patients with brain tumors. Neuroimage Clin. 11:378-87, 2016
                  4. Jeong JW et al: Automatic detection of primary motor areas using diffusion MRI tractography: comparison with functional MRI and electrical stimulation mapping. Epilepsia. 54(8):1381-90, 2013
                  5. Oguri T et al: Overlapping connections within the motor cortico-basal ganglia circuit: fMRI-tractography analysis. Neuroimage. 78:353-62, 2013
                  6. Buckner RL et al: The organization of the human cerebellum estimated by intrinsic functional connectivity. J Neurophysiol. 106(5):2322-45, 2011
                  7. Liu H et al: Task-free presurgical mapping using functional magnetic resonance imaging intrinsic activity. J Neurosurg. 111(4):746-54, 2009
                  8. Nioche C et al: Functional connectivity of the human red nucleus in the brain resting state at 3T. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 30(2):396-403, 2009
                  9. Shimony JS et al: Resting-state spontaneous fluctuations in brain activity: a new paradigm for presurgical planning using fMRI. Acad Radiol. 16(5):578-83, 2009
                  10. Zhang D et al: Preoperative sensorimotor mapping in brain tumor patients using spontaneous fluctuations in neuronal activity imaged with functional magnetic resonance imaging: initial experience. Neurosurgery. 65(6 Suppl):226-36, 2009
                  11. Bizzi A et al: Presurgical functional MR imaging of language and motor functions: validation with intraoperative electrocortical mapping. Radiology. 248(2):579-89, 2008
                  12. Kavounoudias A et al: Proprio-tactile integration for kinesthetic perception: an fMRI study. Neuropsychologia. 46(2):567-75, 2008
                  13. Erberich SG et al: Somatosensory lateralization in the newborn brain. Neuroimage. 29(1):155-61, 2006
                  14. Chung GH et al: Functional heterogeneity of the supplementary motor area. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 26(7):1819-23, 2005
                  15. Karaarslan E et al: Perirolandic cortex of the normal brain: low signal intensity on turbo FLAIR MR images. Radiology. 227(2):538-41, 2003
                  16. Naidich TP et al: The parasagittal line: an anatomic landmark for axial imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(5):885-95, 2001
                  17. Lee HK et al: Location of the primary motor cortex in schizencephaly. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(1):163-6, 1999
                  18. Meyer JR et al: Location of the central sulcus via cortical thickness of the precentral and postcentral gyri on MR. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 17(9):1699-706, 1996
                  Related Anatomy
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                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                  References
                  Tables

                  Tables

                  TERMINOLOGY

                  • Abbreviations

                    • Primary motor cortex (PMC)
                    • Premotor cortex area (PMA)
                    • Supplementary motor area (SMA)
                    • Deep gray nuclei [basal ganglia (BG), red nucleus, subthalamic nucleus, brainstem]

                  IMAGING ANATOMY

                  • Overview

                    • Anatomy Relationships

                      • Histology

                        ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          • Imaging Pitfalls

                            CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

                            • Clinical Importance

                              • Development

                                • Functional Imaging Tasks

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Wongsripuemtet J et al: Preoperative mapping of the supplementary motor area in patients with brain tumor using resting-state fMRI with seed-based analysis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 39(8):1493-8, 2018
                                  2. Yahyavi-Firouz-Abadi N et al: Presurgical brain mapping of the ventral somatomotor network in patients with brain tumors using resting-state fMRI. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 38(5):1006-12, 2017
                                  3. Hou BL et al: Quantitative comparisons on hand motor functional areas determined by resting state and task BOLD fMRI and anatomical MRI for pre-surgical planning of patients with brain tumors. Neuroimage Clin. 11:378-87, 2016
                                  4. Jeong JW et al: Automatic detection of primary motor areas using diffusion MRI tractography: comparison with functional MRI and electrical stimulation mapping. Epilepsia. 54(8):1381-90, 2013
                                  5. Oguri T et al: Overlapping connections within the motor cortico-basal ganglia circuit: fMRI-tractography analysis. Neuroimage. 78:353-62, 2013
                                  6. Buckner RL et al: The organization of the human cerebellum estimated by intrinsic functional connectivity. J Neurophysiol. 106(5):2322-45, 2011
                                  7. Liu H et al: Task-free presurgical mapping using functional magnetic resonance imaging intrinsic activity. J Neurosurg. 111(4):746-54, 2009
                                  8. Nioche C et al: Functional connectivity of the human red nucleus in the brain resting state at 3T. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 30(2):396-403, 2009
                                  9. Shimony JS et al: Resting-state spontaneous fluctuations in brain activity: a new paradigm for presurgical planning using fMRI. Acad Radiol. 16(5):578-83, 2009
                                  10. Zhang D et al: Preoperative sensorimotor mapping in brain tumor patients using spontaneous fluctuations in neuronal activity imaged with functional magnetic resonance imaging: initial experience. Neurosurgery. 65(6 Suppl):226-36, 2009
                                  11. Bizzi A et al: Presurgical functional MR imaging of language and motor functions: validation with intraoperative electrocortical mapping. Radiology. 248(2):579-89, 2008
                                  12. Kavounoudias A et al: Proprio-tactile integration for kinesthetic perception: an fMRI study. Neuropsychologia. 46(2):567-75, 2008
                                  13. Erberich SG et al: Somatosensory lateralization in the newborn brain. Neuroimage. 29(1):155-61, 2006
                                  14. Chung GH et al: Functional heterogeneity of the supplementary motor area. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 26(7):1819-23, 2005
                                  15. Karaarslan E et al: Perirolandic cortex of the normal brain: low signal intensity on turbo FLAIR MR images. Radiology. 227(2):538-41, 2003
                                  16. Naidich TP et al: The parasagittal line: an anatomic landmark for axial imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(5):885-95, 2001
                                  17. Lee HK et al: Location of the primary motor cortex in schizencephaly. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(1):163-6, 1999
                                  18. Meyer JR et al: Location of the central sulcus via cortical thickness of the precentral and postcentral gyri on MR. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 17(9):1699-706, 1996