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Sinus Pericranii
Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Sinus pericranii (SP)
            • Definitions

              • Extradural venous anomaly
                • Anomalous communication between intracranial (IC) dural venous sinus (DVS), extracranial venous circulation

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Angiographic Findings

                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                          • Other Modality Findings

                            • Imaging Recommendations

                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                PATHOLOGY

                                • General Features

                                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                      • Microscopic Features

                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                        • Presentation

                                          • Demographics

                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                              • Treatment

                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                • Consider

                                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                    • Reporting Tips

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Lubián-Gutiérrez M et al: Sinus pericranii: early infant diagnosis. Neurologia. 35(1):70-2, 2020
                                                      2. Chung YS et al: Symptomatic sinus pericranii with adult onset headache: a case report with pathologic perspective. J Cerebrovasc Endovasc Neurosurg. 21(3):163-8, 2019
                                                      3. Finn BP et al: Sinus pericranii (subgaleal varix). Arch Dis Child. ePub, 2019
                                                      4. Andereggen L et al: Hypoplastic straight sinus with persistent falcine sinus in adult with sinus pericranii. World Neurosurg. 113:108-9, 2018
                                                      5. Goffin J et al: Sinus pericranii: long-term outcome in a 10-year-old boy with a review of literature. BMJ Case Rep. 2018, 2018
                                                      6. Kim HS et al: Clinical outcome of nonfistulous cerebral varices: the analysis of 39 lesions. J Korean Neurosurg Soc. 61(4):485-93, 2018
                                                      7. Manjila S et al: A review of extraaxial developmental venous anomalies of the brain involving dural venous flow or sinuses: persistent embryonic sinuses, sinus pericranii, venous varices or aneurysmal malformations, and enlarged emissary veins. Neurosurg Focus. 45(1):E9, 2018
                                                      8. Pavanello M et al: Sinus pericranii: diagnosis and management in 21 pediatric patients. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 15(1):60-70, 2015
                                                      9. Akram H et al: Sinus pericranii: an overview and literature review of a rare cranial venous anomaly (a review of the existing literature with case examples). Neurosurg Rev. 35(1):15-26; discussion 26, 2012
                                                      Related Anatomy
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                                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                                      References
                                                      Tables

                                                      Tables

                                                      KEY FACTS

                                                      • Terminology

                                                        • Imaging

                                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                            • Clinical Issues

                                                              • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                                • Abbreviations

                                                                  • Sinus pericranii (SP)
                                                                • Definitions

                                                                  • Extradural venous anomaly
                                                                    • Anomalous communication between intracranial (IC) dural venous sinus (DVS), extracranial venous circulation

                                                                IMAGING

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Radiographic Findings

                                                                    • CT Findings

                                                                      • MR Findings

                                                                        • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                          • Angiographic Findings

                                                                            • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                              • Other Modality Findings

                                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                                    • General Features

                                                                                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                                          • Microscopic Features

                                                                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                            • Presentation

                                                                                              • Demographics

                                                                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                                    • Consider

                                                                                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                                        • Reporting Tips

                                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                                          1. Lubián-Gutiérrez M et al: Sinus pericranii: early infant diagnosis. Neurologia. 35(1):70-2, 2020
                                                                                                          2. Chung YS et al: Symptomatic sinus pericranii with adult onset headache: a case report with pathologic perspective. J Cerebrovasc Endovasc Neurosurg. 21(3):163-8, 2019
                                                                                                          3. Finn BP et al: Sinus pericranii (subgaleal varix). Arch Dis Child. ePub, 2019
                                                                                                          4. Andereggen L et al: Hypoplastic straight sinus with persistent falcine sinus in adult with sinus pericranii. World Neurosurg. 113:108-9, 2018
                                                                                                          5. Goffin J et al: Sinus pericranii: long-term outcome in a 10-year-old boy with a review of literature. BMJ Case Rep. 2018, 2018
                                                                                                          6. Kim HS et al: Clinical outcome of nonfistulous cerebral varices: the analysis of 39 lesions. J Korean Neurosurg Soc. 61(4):485-93, 2018
                                                                                                          7. Manjila S et al: A review of extraaxial developmental venous anomalies of the brain involving dural venous flow or sinuses: persistent embryonic sinuses, sinus pericranii, venous varices or aneurysmal malformations, and enlarged emissary veins. Neurosurg Focus. 45(1):E9, 2018
                                                                                                          8. Pavanello M et al: Sinus pericranii: diagnosis and management in 21 pediatric patients. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 15(1):60-70, 2015
                                                                                                          9. Akram H et al: Sinus pericranii: an overview and literature review of a rare cranial venous anomaly (a review of the existing literature with case examples). Neurosurg Rev. 35(1):15-26; discussion 26, 2012