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Soft Tissue Tumor Mimics: Vascular
Stephanie A. Bernard, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Diagnostic Checklist

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Definitions

          • Group of vascular etiologies that may mimic soft tissue neoplasm

        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

          • Image Interpretation Pearls

            Selected References

            1. Iqbal A et al: Osteochondroma-induced pseudoaneurysms of the extremities mimicking sarcoma: a report of seven contemporary and one historical case. Clin Radiol. 75(8):642.e9-13, 2020
            2. Charnock M: Soft-tissue sarcoma masquerading as a haematoma. J Med Ultrasound. 27(1):50-3, 2019
            3. Kwee RM et al: Calcified or ossified benign soft tissue lesions that may simulate malignancy. Skeletal Radiol. 48(12):1875-90, 2019
            4. Flores DV et al: MR imaging of muscle trauma: anatomy, biomechanics, pathophysiology, and imaging appearance. Radiographics. 38(1):124-48, 2018
            5. Jahed K et al: Pitfalls in soft tissue sarcoma imaging: chronic expanding hematomas. Skeletal Radiol. 47(1):119-24, 2018
            6. McLean K et al: Morel-Lavallée lesion: AIRP best cases in radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 37(1):190-6, 2017
            7. Manaster BJ: Soft-tissue masses: optimal imaging protocol and reporting. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 201(3):505-14, 2013
            8. Robinson JL et al: Vascular lesions presenting as musculoskeletal neoplasms. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(1):W141-8, 2011
            9. McKenzie G et al: Pictorial review: non-neoplastic soft-tissue masses. Br J Radiol. 82(981):775-85, 2009
            10. Taïeb S et al: Soft tissue sarcomas or intramuscular haematomas? Eur J Radiol. 72(1):44-9, 2009
            11. Stacy GS et al: Pitfalls in MR image interpretation prompting referrals to an orthopedic oncology clinic. Radiographics. 27(3):805-26; discussion 827-8, 2007
            12. Kransdorf MJ et al: Masses that may mimic soft tissue tumors. In Kransdorf MJ et al: Imaging of Soft Tissue Tumors. 2nd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 532-9, 2006
            13. Jelinek J et al: MR imaging of soft-tissue masses. Mass-like lesions that simulate neoplasms. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 3(4):727-41, 1995
            Related Anatomy
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            Related Differential Diagnoses
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            KEY FACTS

            • Terminology

              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                • Diagnostic Checklist

                  TERMINOLOGY

                  • Definitions

                    • Group of vascular etiologies that may mimic soft tissue neoplasm

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                      Selected References

                      1. Iqbal A et al: Osteochondroma-induced pseudoaneurysms of the extremities mimicking sarcoma: a report of seven contemporary and one historical case. Clin Radiol. 75(8):642.e9-13, 2020
                      2. Charnock M: Soft-tissue sarcoma masquerading as a haematoma. J Med Ultrasound. 27(1):50-3, 2019
                      3. Kwee RM et al: Calcified or ossified benign soft tissue lesions that may simulate malignancy. Skeletal Radiol. 48(12):1875-90, 2019
                      4. Flores DV et al: MR imaging of muscle trauma: anatomy, biomechanics, pathophysiology, and imaging appearance. Radiographics. 38(1):124-48, 2018
                      5. Jahed K et al: Pitfalls in soft tissue sarcoma imaging: chronic expanding hematomas. Skeletal Radiol. 47(1):119-24, 2018
                      6. McLean K et al: Morel-Lavallée lesion: AIRP best cases in radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 37(1):190-6, 2017
                      7. Manaster BJ: Soft-tissue masses: optimal imaging protocol and reporting. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 201(3):505-14, 2013
                      8. Robinson JL et al: Vascular lesions presenting as musculoskeletal neoplasms. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 197(1):W141-8, 2011
                      9. McKenzie G et al: Pictorial review: non-neoplastic soft-tissue masses. Br J Radiol. 82(981):775-85, 2009
                      10. Taïeb S et al: Soft tissue sarcomas or intramuscular haematomas? Eur J Radiol. 72(1):44-9, 2009
                      11. Stacy GS et al: Pitfalls in MR image interpretation prompting referrals to an orthopedic oncology clinic. Radiographics. 27(3):805-26; discussion 827-8, 2007
                      12. Kransdorf MJ et al: Masses that may mimic soft tissue tumors. In Kransdorf MJ et al: Imaging of Soft Tissue Tumors. 2nd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 532-9, 2006
                      13. Jelinek J et al: MR imaging of soft-tissue masses. Mass-like lesions that simulate neoplasms. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 3(4):727-41, 1995