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Spermatocele/Epididymal Cyst
Katherine E. Maturen, MD, MS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Spermatocele: Retention cyst of rete testis or epididymis containing spermatozoa
              • Epididymal head cyst: Collection of simple fluid

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Treatment

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Consider

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Yang JR et al: Comparison between Open Epididymal Cystectomy and Minimal Resection of Epididymal Cysts Using a Scrotoscope: A Clinical Trial for the Evaluation of a New Surgical Technique. Urology. ePub, 2015
                                  2. Erikci V et al: Management of epididymal cysts in childhood. J Pediatr Surg. 48(10):2153-6, 2013
                                  3. Rioja J et al: Adult hydrocele and spermatocele. BJU Int. 107(11):1852-64, 2011
                                  4. Valentino M et al: Cystic lesions and scrotal fluid collections in adults: Ultrasound findings. J Ultrasound. 14(4):208-15, 2011
                                  5. Posey ZQ et al: Rate and associations of epididymal cysts on pediatric scrotal ultrasound. J Urol. 184(4 Suppl):1739-42, 2010
                                  6. Sista AK et al: Color Doppler sonography in evaluation of spermatoceles: the "falling snow" sign. J Ultrasound Med. 27(1):141-3, 2008
                                  7. Smart JM et al: Ultrasound findings of masses of the paratesticular space. Clin Radiol. 63(8):929-38, 2008
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Pathology

                                        • Clinical Issues

                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Definitions

                                              • Spermatocele: Retention cyst of rete testis or epididymis containing spermatozoa
                                              • Epididymal head cyst: Collection of simple fluid

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Demographics

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                              • Consider

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Yang JR et al: Comparison between Open Epididymal Cystectomy and Minimal Resection of Epididymal Cysts Using a Scrotoscope: A Clinical Trial for the Evaluation of a New Surgical Technique. Urology. ePub, 2015
                                                                  2. Erikci V et al: Management of epididymal cysts in childhood. J Pediatr Surg. 48(10):2153-6, 2013
                                                                  3. Rioja J et al: Adult hydrocele and spermatocele. BJU Int. 107(11):1852-64, 2011
                                                                  4. Valentino M et al: Cystic lesions and scrotal fluid collections in adults: Ultrasound findings. J Ultrasound. 14(4):208-15, 2011
                                                                  5. Posey ZQ et al: Rate and associations of epididymal cysts on pediatric scrotal ultrasound. J Urol. 184(4 Suppl):1739-42, 2010
                                                                  6. Sista AK et al: Color Doppler sonography in evaluation of spermatoceles: the "falling snow" sign. J Ultrasound Med. 27(1):141-3, 2008
                                                                  7. Smart JM et al: Ultrasound findings of masses of the paratesticular space. Clin Radiol. 63(8):929-38, 2008