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Spinal Cord Contusion-Hematoma
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Spinal cord injury (SCI)
            • Definitions

              • Traumatic axonal injury, cord edema, &/or hemorrhage

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Nonvascular Interventions

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Aarabi B et al: Management of acute traumatic central cord syndrome (ATCCS). Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:195-204, 2013
                                              2. Henry M et al: Utility of STIR MRI in pediatric cervical spine clearance after trauma. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 12(1):30-6, 2013
                                              3. Munera F et al: Imaging Evaluation of Adult Spinal Injuries: Emphasis on Multidetector CT in Cervical Spine Trauma. Radiology. 263(3):645-60, 2012
                                              4. Grauer JN et al: The timing and influence of MRI on the management of patients with cervical facet dislocations remains highly variable: a survey of members of the Spine Trauma Study Group. J Spinal Disord Tech. 22(2):96-9, 2009
                                              5. Miyanji F et al: Acute cervical traumatic spinal cord injury: MR imaging findings correlated with neurologic outcome--prospective study with 100 consecutive patients. Radiology. 243(3):820-7, 2007
                                              6. Collignon F et al: Acute traumatic central cord syndrome: magnetic resonance imaging and clinical observations. J Neurosurg. 96(1 Suppl):29-33, 2002
                                              7. Flanders AE et al: The relationship between the functional abilities of patients with cervical spinal cord injury and the severity of damage revealed by MR imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(5):926-34, 1999
                                              8. Katzberg RW et al: Acute cervical spine injuries: prospective MR imaging assessment at a level 1 trauma center. Radiology. 213(1):203-12, 1999
                                              9. Berkowitz M et al: Spinal Cord Injury: An Analysis of Medical and Social Costs. New York: Demos Medical Publishing. 3, 1998
                                              10. Lipper MH et al: Brown-Sequard syndrome of the cervical spinal cord after chiropractic manipulation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 19(7):1349-52, 1998
                                              11. Quencer RM et al: Acute traumatic central cord syndrome: MRI-pathological correlations. Neuroradiology. 34(2):85-94, 1992
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Pathology

                                                    • Clinical Issues

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Abbreviations

                                                          • Spinal cord injury (SCI)
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Traumatic axonal injury, cord edema, &/or hemorrhage

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Nonvascular Interventions

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Aarabi B et al: Management of acute traumatic central cord syndrome (ATCCS). Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:195-204, 2013
                                                                                          2. Henry M et al: Utility of STIR MRI in pediatric cervical spine clearance after trauma. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 12(1):30-6, 2013
                                                                                          3. Munera F et al: Imaging Evaluation of Adult Spinal Injuries: Emphasis on Multidetector CT in Cervical Spine Trauma. Radiology. 263(3):645-60, 2012
                                                                                          4. Grauer JN et al: The timing and influence of MRI on the management of patients with cervical facet dislocations remains highly variable: a survey of members of the Spine Trauma Study Group. J Spinal Disord Tech. 22(2):96-9, 2009
                                                                                          5. Miyanji F et al: Acute cervical traumatic spinal cord injury: MR imaging findings correlated with neurologic outcome--prospective study with 100 consecutive patients. Radiology. 243(3):820-7, 2007
                                                                                          6. Collignon F et al: Acute traumatic central cord syndrome: magnetic resonance imaging and clinical observations. J Neurosurg. 96(1 Suppl):29-33, 2002
                                                                                          7. Flanders AE et al: The relationship between the functional abilities of patients with cervical spinal cord injury and the severity of damage revealed by MR imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(5):926-34, 1999
                                                                                          8. Katzberg RW et al: Acute cervical spine injuries: prospective MR imaging assessment at a level 1 trauma center. Radiology. 213(1):203-12, 1999
                                                                                          9. Berkowitz M et al: Spinal Cord Injury: An Analysis of Medical and Social Costs. New York: Demos Medical Publishing. 3, 1998
                                                                                          10. Lipper MH et al: Brown-Sequard syndrome of the cervical spinal cord after chiropractic manipulation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 19(7):1349-52, 1998
                                                                                          11. Quencer RM et al: Acute traumatic central cord syndrome: MRI-pathological correlations. Neuroradiology. 34(2):85-94, 1992