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Spinal Muscle Injury, Traumatic
Gregory L. Katzman, MD, MBA
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KEY FACTS

  • IMAGING FINDINGS

    • DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

      • PATHOLOGY

        • CLINICAL ISSUES

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Strain = muscle fiber disruption from indirect forces
            • Sprain = ligamentous injury

          IMAGING FINDINGS

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Microscopic Features

                        • Staging, Grading, or Classification Criteria

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                Selected References

                                1. Jinkins JR: Lumbosacral interspinous ligament rupture associated with acute intrinsic spinal muscle degeneration. JBR-BTR. 86(4):226-30, 2003
                                2. Hayashi N et al: Accuracy of abnormal paraspinal muscle findings on contrast-enhanced MR images as indirect signs of unilateral cervical root-avulsion injury. Radiology. 223(2):397-402, 2002
                                3. Vaccaro AR et al: Magnetic resonance imaging analysis of soft tissue disruption after flexion-distraction injuries of the subaxial cervical spine. Spine. 26(17):1866-72, 2001
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • IMAGING FINDINGS

                                  • DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                    • PATHOLOGY

                                      • CLINICAL ISSUES

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Definitions

                                          • Strain = muscle fiber disruption from indirect forces
                                          • Sprain = ligamentous injury

                                        IMAGING FINDINGS

                                        • General Features

                                          • CT Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                      • Staging, Grading, or Classification Criteria

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Jinkins JR: Lumbosacral interspinous ligament rupture associated with acute intrinsic spinal muscle degeneration. JBR-BTR. 86(4):226-30, 2003
                                                              2. Hayashi N et al: Accuracy of abnormal paraspinal muscle findings on contrast-enhanced MR images as indirect signs of unilateral cervical root-avulsion injury. Radiology. 223(2):397-402, 2002
                                                              3. Vaccaro AR et al: Magnetic resonance imaging analysis of soft tissue disruption after flexion-distraction injuries of the subaxial cervical spine. Spine. 26(17):1866-72, 2001