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Splenic Cysts
Sara M. O'Hara, MD, FAAP; Daniel Podberesky, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                            • Treatment

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Consider

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Cianci P et al: A recurrent epidermoid cyst of the spleen: report of a case and literature review. World J Surg Oncol. 14(1):98, 2016
                                  2. Ballestri S et al: Primary lymphoma of the spleen mimicking simple benign cysts: contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and other imaging findings. J Med Ultrason (2001). 42(2):251-5, 2015
                                  3. Bresadola V et al: Elevated serum CA 19-9 level associated with a splenic cyst: which is the actual clinical management? Review of the literature. Ann Ital Chir. 86(1):22-9, 2015
                                  4. Mun SW et al: A case of post-traumatic pseudocyst in the spleen successfully treated with alcohol sclerotherapy. Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr. 18(4):276-9, 2015
                                  5. Gaetke-Udager K et al: Multimodality imaging of splenic lesions and the role of non-vascular, image-guided intervention. Abdom Imaging. 39(3):570-87, 2014
                                  6. Ingle SB et al: Epithelial cysts of the spleen: a minireview. World J Gastroenterol. 20(38):13899-13903, 2014
                                  7. Kenney CD et al: Management of non-parasitic splenic cysts: does size really matter? J Gastrointest Surg. 18(9):1658-63, 2014
                                  8. Li W et al: Real-time contrast enhanced ultrasound imaging of focal splenic lesions. Eur J Radiol. 83(4):646-53, 2014
                                  9. Takagi K et al: Gastrointestinal: case of accidentally discovered splenic epidermoid cyst with serum CA19-9 elevation. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 29(2):231, 2014
                                  10. Warshauer DM et al: Solitary splenic lesions. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 27(5):370-88, 2006
                                  11. Elsayes KM et al: MR imaging of the spleen: spectrum of abnormalities. Radiographics. 25(4):967-82, 2005
                                  12. Paterson A et al: A pattern-oriented approach to splenic imaging in infants and children. Radiographics. 19(6):1465-85, 1999
                                  13. Urrutia M et al: Cystic masses of the spleen: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 16(1):107-29, 1996
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                      • Pathology

                                        • Clinical Issues

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                              • CT Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                      • General Features

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                              • Consider

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Cianci P et al: A recurrent epidermoid cyst of the spleen: report of a case and literature review. World J Surg Oncol. 14(1):98, 2016
                                                                  2. Ballestri S et al: Primary lymphoma of the spleen mimicking simple benign cysts: contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and other imaging findings. J Med Ultrason (2001). 42(2):251-5, 2015
                                                                  3. Bresadola V et al: Elevated serum CA 19-9 level associated with a splenic cyst: which is the actual clinical management? Review of the literature. Ann Ital Chir. 86(1):22-9, 2015
                                                                  4. Mun SW et al: A case of post-traumatic pseudocyst in the spleen successfully treated with alcohol sclerotherapy. Pediatr Gastroenterol Hepatol Nutr. 18(4):276-9, 2015
                                                                  5. Gaetke-Udager K et al: Multimodality imaging of splenic lesions and the role of non-vascular, image-guided intervention. Abdom Imaging. 39(3):570-87, 2014
                                                                  6. Ingle SB et al: Epithelial cysts of the spleen: a minireview. World J Gastroenterol. 20(38):13899-13903, 2014
                                                                  7. Kenney CD et al: Management of non-parasitic splenic cysts: does size really matter? J Gastrointest Surg. 18(9):1658-63, 2014
                                                                  8. Li W et al: Real-time contrast enhanced ultrasound imaging of focal splenic lesions. Eur J Radiol. 83(4):646-53, 2014
                                                                  9. Takagi K et al: Gastrointestinal: case of accidentally discovered splenic epidermoid cyst with serum CA19-9 elevation. J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 29(2):231, 2014
                                                                  10. Warshauer DM et al: Solitary splenic lesions. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 27(5):370-88, 2006
                                                                  11. Elsayes KM et al: MR imaging of the spleen: spectrum of abnormalities. Radiographics. 25(4):967-82, 2005
                                                                  12. Paterson A et al: A pattern-oriented approach to splenic imaging in infants and children. Radiographics. 19(6):1465-85, 1999
                                                                  13. Urrutia M et al: Cystic masses of the spleen: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 16(1):107-29, 1996