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Spondylolisthesis
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD; Kevin R. Moore, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          Selected References

          1. Bhalla A et al: Isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 30(3):283-90, 2019
          2. Bydon M et al: Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: definition, natural history, conservative management, and surgical treatment. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 30(3):299-304, 2019
          3. Chan AK et al: Summary of guidelines for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 30(3):353-64, 2019
          4. Tofte JN et al: Imaging pediatric spondylolysis: a systematic review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 42(10):777-82, 2017
          5. Niggemann P et al: Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: prevalence of different forms of instability and clinical implications. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 36(22):E1463-8, 2011
          6. Sansur CA et al: Morbidity and mortality in the surgical treatment of 10,242 adults with spondylolisthesis. J Neurosurg Spine. 13(5):589-93, 2010
          7. Watters WC 3rd et al: An evidence-based clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Spine J. 9(7):609-14, 2009
          8. Nizard RS et al: Radiologic assessment of lumbar intervertebral instability and degenerative spondylolisthesis. Radiol Clin North Am. 39(1):55-71, v-vi, 2001
          9. Brady WJ et al: ED use of flexion-extension cervical spine radiography in the evaluation of blunt trauma. Am J Emerg Med. 17(6):504-8, 1999
          10. Frymoyer JW et al: Segmental instability. Rationale for treatment. Spine. 10(3):280-6, 1985
          11. Swischuk LE: Anterior displacement of C2 in children: physiologic or pathologic. Radiology. 122(3):759-63, 1977
          12. Cattell HS et al: Pseudosubluxation and other normal variations in the cervical spine in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 47(7):1295-309, 1965
          Related Anatomy
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          Related Differential Diagnoses
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          References
          Tables

          Tables

          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

            ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

            • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

              • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                  Selected References

                  1. Bhalla A et al: Isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 30(3):283-90, 2019
                  2. Bydon M et al: Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: definition, natural history, conservative management, and surgical treatment. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 30(3):299-304, 2019
                  3. Chan AK et al: Summary of guidelines for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 30(3):353-64, 2019
                  4. Tofte JN et al: Imaging pediatric spondylolysis: a systematic review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 42(10):777-82, 2017
                  5. Niggemann P et al: Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: prevalence of different forms of instability and clinical implications. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 36(22):E1463-8, 2011
                  6. Sansur CA et al: Morbidity and mortality in the surgical treatment of 10,242 adults with spondylolisthesis. J Neurosurg Spine. 13(5):589-93, 2010
                  7. Watters WC 3rd et al: An evidence-based clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Spine J. 9(7):609-14, 2009
                  8. Nizard RS et al: Radiologic assessment of lumbar intervertebral instability and degenerative spondylolisthesis. Radiol Clin North Am. 39(1):55-71, v-vi, 2001
                  9. Brady WJ et al: ED use of flexion-extension cervical spine radiography in the evaluation of blunt trauma. Am J Emerg Med. 17(6):504-8, 1999
                  10. Frymoyer JW et al: Segmental instability. Rationale for treatment. Spine. 10(3):280-6, 1985
                  11. Swischuk LE: Anterior displacement of C2 in children: physiologic or pathologic. Radiology. 122(3):759-63, 1977
                  12. Cattell HS et al: Pseudosubluxation and other normal variations in the cervical spine in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 47(7):1295-309, 1965