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Spondylolisthesis
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD; Kevin R. Moore, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

          Selected References

          1. Niggemann P et al: Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: prevalence of different forms of instability and clinical implications. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 36(22):E1463-8, 2011
          2. Sansur CA et al: Morbidity and mortality in the surgical treatment of 10,242 adults with spondylolisthesis. J Neurosurg Spine. 13(5):589-93, 2010
          3. Watters WC 3rd et al: An evidence-based clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Spine J. 9(7):609-14, 2009
          4. Nizard RS et al: Radiologic assessment of lumbar intervertebral instability and degenerative spondylolisthesis. Radiol Clin North Am. 39(1):55-71, v-vi, 2001
          5. Brady WJ et al: ED use of flexion-extension cervical spine radiography in the evaluation of blunt trauma. Am J Emerg Med. 17(6):504-8, 1999
          6. Frymoyer JW et al: Segmental instability. Rationale for treatment. Spine. 10(3):280-6, 1985
          7. Swischuk LE: Anterior displacement of C2 in children: physiologic or pathologic. Radiology. 122(3):759-63, 1977
          8. Cattell HS et al: Pseudosubluxation and other normal variations in the cervical spine in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 47(7):1295-309, 1965
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          References
          Tables

          Tables

          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

            ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

            • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

              • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

                • Helpful Clues for Less Common Diagnoses

                  Selected References

                  1. Niggemann P et al: Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis: prevalence of different forms of instability and clinical implications. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 36(22):E1463-8, 2011
                  2. Sansur CA et al: Morbidity and mortality in the surgical treatment of 10,242 adults with spondylolisthesis. J Neurosurg Spine. 13(5):589-93, 2010
                  3. Watters WC 3rd et al: An evidence-based clinical guideline for the diagnosis and treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Spine J. 9(7):609-14, 2009
                  4. Nizard RS et al: Radiologic assessment of lumbar intervertebral instability and degenerative spondylolisthesis. Radiol Clin North Am. 39(1):55-71, v-vi, 2001
                  5. Brady WJ et al: ED use of flexion-extension cervical spine radiography in the evaluation of blunt trauma. Am J Emerg Med. 17(6):504-8, 1999
                  6. Frymoyer JW et al: Segmental instability. Rationale for treatment. Spine. 10(3):280-6, 1985
                  7. Swischuk LE: Anterior displacement of C2 in children: physiologic or pathologic. Radiology. 122(3):759-63, 1977
                  8. Cattell HS et al: Pseudosubluxation and other normal variations in the cervical spine in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 47(7):1295-309, 1965