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Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis
Kevin R. Moore, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Clinical Issues

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Lysis, isthmic spondylolysis

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Treatment

                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                Selected References

                                1. Dhouib A et al: Diagnostic accuracy of MR imaging for direct visualization of lumbar pars defect in children and young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Spine J. 27(5):1058-66, 2018
                                2. Koichi I et al: Physical features of pediatric patients with lumbar spondylolysis and effectiveness of rehabilitation. J Med Invest. 65(3.4):177-83, 2018
                                3. Lemoine T et al: The prevalence of lumbar spondylolysis in young children: a retrospective analysis using CT. Eur Spine J. 27(5):1067-72, 2018
                                4. Nitta A et al: Prevalence of symptomatic lumbar spondylolysis in pediatric patients. Orthopedics. 1-4, 2016
                                5. Randall RM et al: Review of pediatric spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. Sports Med Arthrosc Rev. 24(4):184-7, 2016
                                6. Bouras T et al: Management of spondylolysis and low-grade spondylolisthesis in fine athletes. a comprehensive review. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 25 Suppl 1:S167-75, 2015
                                7. Gum JL et al: Characteristics associated with active defects in juvenile spondylolysis. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 44(10):E379-83, 2015
                                8. Leonidou A et al: Treatment for spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in children. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 23(3):379-82, 2015
                                9. Trout AT et al: Spondylolysis and beyond: value of SPECT/CT in evaluation of low back pain in children and young adults. Radiographics. 35(3):819-34, 2015
                                10. Standaert CJ: Spondylolysis in the adolescent athlete. Clin J Sport Med. 12(2):119-22, 2002
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Clinical Issues

                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Synonyms

                                          • Lysis, isthmic spondylolysis

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                      • Presentation

                                                        • Demographics

                                                          • Treatment

                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Dhouib A et al: Diagnostic accuracy of MR imaging for direct visualization of lumbar pars defect in children and young adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur Spine J. 27(5):1058-66, 2018
                                                              2. Koichi I et al: Physical features of pediatric patients with lumbar spondylolysis and effectiveness of rehabilitation. J Med Invest. 65(3.4):177-83, 2018
                                                              3. Lemoine T et al: The prevalence of lumbar spondylolysis in young children: a retrospective analysis using CT. Eur Spine J. 27(5):1067-72, 2018
                                                              4. Nitta A et al: Prevalence of symptomatic lumbar spondylolysis in pediatric patients. Orthopedics. 1-4, 2016
                                                              5. Randall RM et al: Review of pediatric spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. Sports Med Arthrosc Rev. 24(4):184-7, 2016
                                                              6. Bouras T et al: Management of spondylolysis and low-grade spondylolisthesis in fine athletes. a comprehensive review. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 25 Suppl 1:S167-75, 2015
                                                              7. Gum JL et al: Characteristics associated with active defects in juvenile spondylolysis. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 44(10):E379-83, 2015
                                                              8. Leonidou A et al: Treatment for spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in children. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 23(3):379-82, 2015
                                                              9. Trout AT et al: Spondylolysis and beyond: value of SPECT/CT in evaluation of low back pain in children and young adults. Radiographics. 35(3):819-34, 2015
                                                              10. Standaert CJ: Spondylolysis in the adolescent athlete. Clin J Sport Med. 12(2):119-22, 2002