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Staging: Appendiceal Carcinoma
Akram M. Shaaban, MBBCh
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7

Overview

  • General Comments

    • Classification

      Pathology

      • Routes Spread

        • General Features

          • Gross Pathology

            • Microscopic Features

              Imaging Findings

              • Detection

                • Staging

                  • Restaging

                    Clinical Issues

                    • Presentation

                      • Cancer History

                        • Treatment Options

                          Reporting Checklist

                          • T Staging

                            • N Staging

                              • M Staging

                                Selected References

                                1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 133-41, 2010
                                2. Passot G et al: Pseudomyxoma peritonei: role of 18F-FDG PET in preoperative evaluation of pathological grade and potential for complete cytoreduction. Eur J Surg Oncol. 36(3):315-23, 2010
                                3. Bennett GL et al: CT diagnosis of mucocele of the appendix in patients with acute appendicitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(3):W103-10, 2009
                                4. Chua TC et al: Pseudomyxoma peritonei: a need to establish evidence-based standard of care--is this the right trial? Ann Surg Oncol. 16(10):2675-7, 2009
                                5. Levy AD et al: Secondary tumors and tumorlike lesions of the peritoneal cavity: imaging features with pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 29(2):347-73, 2009
                                6. Wei-Ming L et al: Intussusception secondary to a giant appendical mucocele: preoperative diagnosis by multi-slice computed tomography. Abdom Imaging. Epub ahead of print, 2009
                                7. Low RN et al: Mucinous appendiceal neoplasms: preoperative MR staging and classification compared with surgical and histopathologic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 190(3):656-65, 2008
                                8. Moran B et al: Consensus statement on the loco-regional treatment of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms with peritoneal dissemination (pseudomyxoma peritonei). J Surg Oncol. 98(4):277-82, 2008
                                9. Smeenk RM et al: Appendiceal neoplasms and pseudomyxoma peritonei: a population based study. Eur J Surg Oncol. 34(2):196-201, 2008
                                10. Blondiaux E et al: Appendiceal intussusception caused by a mucocele of the appendix: imaging findings. Dig Liver Dis. 39(12):1087, 2007
                                11. Hebert JJ et al: MDCT diagnosis of an appendiceal mucocele with acute torsion. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(1):W4-6, 2007
                                12. Khan AA et al: Prolonged survival in a patient with recurrent pulmonary metastases secondary to mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix with pseudomyxomatous peritonei. Ann Thorac Surg. 83(5):1893-4, 2007
                                13. Sugarbaker PH: New standard of care for appendiceal epithelial neoplasms and pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome? Lancet Oncol. 7(1):69-76, 2006
                                14. Pickhardt PJ et al: Primary neoplasms of the appendix: radiologic spectrum of disease with pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 2003 May-Jun;23(3):645-62. Review. Erratum in: Radiographics. 23(5):1340, 2003
                                15. Stocchi L et al: Surgical treatment of appendiceal mucocele. Arch Surg. 138(6):585-9; discussion 589-90, 2003
                                16. Kabbani W et al: Mucinous and nonmucinous appendiceal adenocarcinomas: different clinicopathological features but similar genetic alterations. Mod Pathol. 15(6):599-605, 2002
                                17. Pickhardt PJ et al: Primary neoplasms of the appendix manifesting as acute appendicitis: CT findings with pathologic comparison. Radiology. 224(3):775-81, 2002
                                18. Sulkin TV et al: CT in pseudomyxoma peritonei: a review of 17 cases. Clin Radiol. 57(7):608-13, 2002
                                19. Bechtold RE et al: CT appearance of disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis. Abdom Imaging. 26(4):406-10, 2001
                                20. Krebs TL et al: General case of the day. Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix. Radiographics. 18(4):1049-50, 1998
                                21. Mortman KD et al: Pulmonary metastases in pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome. Ann Thorac Surg. 64(5):1434-6, 1997
                                22. Buy JN et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of pseudomyxoma peritonei. Eur J Radiol. 9(2):115-8, 1989
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                Overview

                                • General Comments

                                  • Classification

                                    Pathology

                                    • Routes Spread

                                      • General Features

                                        • Gross Pathology

                                          • Microscopic Features

                                            Imaging Findings

                                            • Detection

                                              • Staging

                                                • Restaging

                                                  Clinical Issues

                                                  • Presentation

                                                    • Cancer History

                                                      • Treatment Options

                                                        Reporting Checklist

                                                        • T Staging

                                                          • N Staging

                                                            • M Staging

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 133-41, 2010
                                                              2. Passot G et al: Pseudomyxoma peritonei: role of 18F-FDG PET in preoperative evaluation of pathological grade and potential for complete cytoreduction. Eur J Surg Oncol. 36(3):315-23, 2010
                                                              3. Bennett GL et al: CT diagnosis of mucocele of the appendix in patients with acute appendicitis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(3):W103-10, 2009
                                                              4. Chua TC et al: Pseudomyxoma peritonei: a need to establish evidence-based standard of care--is this the right trial? Ann Surg Oncol. 16(10):2675-7, 2009
                                                              5. Levy AD et al: Secondary tumors and tumorlike lesions of the peritoneal cavity: imaging features with pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 29(2):347-73, 2009
                                                              6. Wei-Ming L et al: Intussusception secondary to a giant appendical mucocele: preoperative diagnosis by multi-slice computed tomography. Abdom Imaging. Epub ahead of print, 2009
                                                              7. Low RN et al: Mucinous appendiceal neoplasms: preoperative MR staging and classification compared with surgical and histopathologic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 190(3):656-65, 2008
                                                              8. Moran B et al: Consensus statement on the loco-regional treatment of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms with peritoneal dissemination (pseudomyxoma peritonei). J Surg Oncol. 98(4):277-82, 2008
                                                              9. Smeenk RM et al: Appendiceal neoplasms and pseudomyxoma peritonei: a population based study. Eur J Surg Oncol. 34(2):196-201, 2008
                                                              10. Blondiaux E et al: Appendiceal intussusception caused by a mucocele of the appendix: imaging findings. Dig Liver Dis. 39(12):1087, 2007
                                                              11. Hebert JJ et al: MDCT diagnosis of an appendiceal mucocele with acute torsion. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 189(1):W4-6, 2007
                                                              12. Khan AA et al: Prolonged survival in a patient with recurrent pulmonary metastases secondary to mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix with pseudomyxomatous peritonei. Ann Thorac Surg. 83(5):1893-4, 2007
                                                              13. Sugarbaker PH: New standard of care for appendiceal epithelial neoplasms and pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome? Lancet Oncol. 7(1):69-76, 2006
                                                              14. Pickhardt PJ et al: Primary neoplasms of the appendix: radiologic spectrum of disease with pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 2003 May-Jun;23(3):645-62. Review. Erratum in: Radiographics. 23(5):1340, 2003
                                                              15. Stocchi L et al: Surgical treatment of appendiceal mucocele. Arch Surg. 138(6):585-9; discussion 589-90, 2003
                                                              16. Kabbani W et al: Mucinous and nonmucinous appendiceal adenocarcinomas: different clinicopathological features but similar genetic alterations. Mod Pathol. 15(6):599-605, 2002
                                                              17. Pickhardt PJ et al: Primary neoplasms of the appendix manifesting as acute appendicitis: CT findings with pathologic comparison. Radiology. 224(3):775-81, 2002
                                                              18. Sulkin TV et al: CT in pseudomyxoma peritonei: a review of 17 cases. Clin Radiol. 57(7):608-13, 2002
                                                              19. Bechtold RE et al: CT appearance of disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis. Abdom Imaging. 26(4):406-10, 2001
                                                              20. Krebs TL et al: General case of the day. Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix. Radiographics. 18(4):1049-50, 1998
                                                              21. Mortman KD et al: Pulmonary metastases in pseudomyxoma peritonei syndrome. Ann Thorac Surg. 64(5):1434-6, 1997
                                                              22. Buy JN et al: Magnetic resonance imaging of pseudomyxoma peritonei. Eur J Radiol. 9(2):115-8, 1989